Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Passeriformes > Family: Alaudidae > Genus: Melanocorypha > Species: Melanocorypha calandra

Calandra Lark - Melanocorypha calandra (Linnaeus, 1766)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 2 other international agreements
Breeding habitats
  • cropland
  • heathland and shrub
Natura 2000 species code A242

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
CY6000002 Cyprus ALYKES LARNAKAS Map
ES0000004 Spain Lagunas de Villafáfila Map
ES0000007 Spain Cañón del Río Lobos - ZEPA Map
ES0000010 Spain Sierra de Guadarrama - ZEPA Map
ES0000014 Spain Monfragüe y las Dehesas del Entorno Map
ES0000017 Spain Cuenca de Gallocanta Map
ES0000021 Spain Secans de Mas de Melons-Alfés Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000033 Spain Laguna de Fuente de Piedra Map
ES0000047 Spain Desierto de Tabernas Map
ES0000048 Spain Punta Entinas-Sabinar Map
ES0000051 Spain Sierra de Aracena y Picos de Aroche Map
ES0000052 Spain Sierra Pelada y Rivera del Aserrador Map
ES0000068 Spain Embalse de Orellana y Sierra de Pela Map
ES0000069 Spain Embalse de Cornalvo y Sierra Bermeja Map
ES0000071 Spain Llanos de Cáceres y Sierra de Fuentes Map
ES0000093 Spain ZEPA Montes de Toledo Map
ES0000115 Spain Hoces del Río Duratón Map
ES0000118 Spain Arribes del Duero - ZEPA Map
ES0000119 Spain Carrizales y sotos de Aranjuez Map
ES0000136 Spain Estepas de Belchite - El Planerón - La Lomaza Map
ES0000140 Spain Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000142 Spain Cortados y cantiles de los ríos Jarama y Manzanares Map
ES0000151 Spain Caparreta Map
ES0000160 Spain Hoz del río Gritos y páramos de Las Valeras Map
ES0000161 Spain Laguna de El Hito Map
ES0000167 Spain Estepas cerealistas de La Campiña Map
ES0000168 Spain Llanuras de Oropesa, Lagartera y Calera y Chozas Map
ES0000170 Spain Área esteparia de La Mancha norte Map
ES0000171 Spain El Plano-Blanca alta Map
ES0000172 Spain Rincón del Bu-La Nasa-Tripazul Map
ES0000173 Spain Sierra Espuña Map
ES0000180 Spain Estepas de Monegrillo y Pina Map
ES0000181 Spain La Retuerta y Saladas de Sástago Map
ES0000182 Spain Valcuerna, Serreta Negra y Liberola Map
ES0000183 Spain El Basal, Las Menorcas y Llanos de Cardiel Map
ES0000188 Spain Valles del Voltoya y el Zorita - ZEPA Map
ES0000189 Spain Campo Azálvaro - Pinares de Peguerinos - ZEPA Map
ES0000190 Spain Encinares de los ríos Adaja y Voltoya - ZEPA Map
ES0000192 Spain Humada - Peña Amaya - ZEPA Map
ES0000194 Spain Oteros-Campos Map
ES0000196 Spain Estepas de Yecla Map
ES0000199 Spain Sierra de la Fausilla Map
ES0000201 Spain Camino de Santiago Map
ES0000202 Spain Campo de Azaba - ZEPA Map
ES0000203 Spain Altos de Barahona - ZEPA Map
ES0000204 Spain Tierra de Campiñas Map
ES0000206 Spain Cañones del Duero - ZEPA Map
ES0000207 Spain Penillanuras-Campos Sur Map
ES0000208 Spain Llanuras del Guareña Map
ES0000209 Spain Tierra del Pan Map
ES0000212 Spain Sierra de Martés-Muela de Cortes Map
ES0000215 Spain Oteros-Cea Map
ES0000216 Spain La Nava-Campos Sur Map
ES0000217 Spain Penillanuras-Campos Norte Map
ES0000218 Spain Campo de Argañán - ZEPA Map
ES0000253 Spain Hoces del Ebro Map
ES0000255 Spain Páramo de Layna - ZEPA Map
ES0000260 Spain Mar Menor Map
ES0000261 Spain Almenara-Moreras-Cabo Cope Map
ES0000262 Spain Sierras del Gigante-Pericay, Lomas del Buitre-Río Luchena y Sierra de la Torrecilla Map
ES0000263 Spain Llano de las Cabras Map
ES0000264 Spain La Muela-Cabo Tiñoso Map
ES0000265 Spain Sierra del Molino, Embalse del Quipar y Llanos del Cagitán Map
ES0000266 Spain Sierra de Moratalla Map
ES0000267 Spain Sierras de Burete, Lavia y Cambrón Map
ES0000268 Spain Saladares del Guadalentín Map
ES0000272 Spain Brazo del Este Map
ES0000290 Spain La Sotonera Map
ES0000292 Spain Loma La Negra - Bardenas Map
ES0000293 Spain Montes de Zuera, Castejón de Valdejasa y El Castellar Map
ES0000295 Spain Sierra de Alcubierre Map
ES0000300 Spain Río Huerva y Las Planas Map
ES0000302 Spain Parameras de Blancas Map
ES0000303 Spain Desfiladeros del Río Martín Map
ES0000304 Spain Parameras de Campo Visiedo Map
ES0000306 Spain Río Guadalope - Maestrazgo Map
ES0000321 Spain Anglesola-Vilagrassa Map
ES0000322 Spain Granyena Map
ES0000333 Spain Llanos de Zorita y Embalse de Sierra Brava Map
ES0000335 Spain Sierras de Peñalsordo y Capilla Map
ES0000357 Spain Altos Campos de Gómara Map
ES0000359 Spain Campos de Alba Map
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ES0000365 Spain Páramo Leonés Map
ES0000366 Spain Valdería-Jamuz Map
ES0000367 Spain La Serena y Sierras Periféricas Map
ES0000369 Spain Llanos de Alcantara y Brozas Map
ES0000370 Spain Sierra de Gata y Valle de las Pilas Map
ES0000418 Spain Embalse de Talaván Map
ES2110018 Spain Arabako hegoaldeko mendilerroak / Sierras meridionales de Álava Map
ES2430101 Spain Muelas del Jiloca: El Campo y La Torreta Map
ES4120031 Spain Sabinares del Arlanza - ZEPA Map
ES4120036 Spain Hoces del Alto Ebro y Rudrón - ZEPA Map
ES4140036 Spain La Nava-Campos Norte Map
ES4160008 Spain Hoces del Río Riaza - ZEPA Map
ES4160048 Spain Lagunas de Cantalejo - ZEPA Map
ES4180017 Spain Riberas de Castronuño Map
ES4310004 Spain Dehesas de Jerez Map
ES5130016 Spain Valls del Sió-Llobregós Map
ES5130021 Spain Secans de la Noguera Map
ES5130025 Spain Bellmunt-Almenara Map
ES6130001 Spain Sierra de Cardeña y Montoro Map
ES6130002 Spain Sierra Subbética Map
ES6150005 Spain Marismas de Isla Cristina Map
ES6150006 Spain Marismas del Río Piedras y Flecha del Rompido Map
ES6170015 Spain Lagunas de Campillos Map
ES6180002 Spain Complejo endorreico La Lantejuela Map
ES6310001 Spain Calamocarro-Benzú Map
FR9110105 France Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte Map
FR9310064 France Crau Map
FR9312003 France La Durance Map
GR1110002 Greece DASOS DADIAS - SOUFLI Map
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GR2320004 Greece AISTHITIKO DASOS KALAVRYTON Map
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GR2440005 Greece KATO ROUS KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU POTAMOU Map
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GR4110006 Greece LIMNOS: LIMNES CHORTAROLIMNI KAI ALYKI, KOLPOS MOUDROU, ELOS DIAPORI KAI CHERSONISOS FAKOS Map
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GR4220025 Greece NISIDES PAROU KAI NOTIA ANTIPAROS Map
GR4320014 Greece NOTIODYTIKI THRYPTI (KOUFOTO) Map
GR4330006 Greece SOROS - AGKATHI - KEDROS Map
GR4330007 Greece KOURTALIOTIKO FARANGI, FARANGI PREVELI Map
GR4340019 Greece FARANGI KALLIKRATIS - ARGOULIANO FARANGI - OROPEDIO MANIKA Map
IT2040022 Italy Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna Map
IT3320037 Italy Laguna di Marano e Grado Map
IT5310024 Italy Colle San Bartolo e litorale pesarese Map
IT6010011 Italy Caldera di Latera Map
IT6010021 Italy Monte Romano Map
IT6010056 Italy Selva del Lamone e Monti di Castro Map
IT6030005 Italy Comprensorio Tolfetano-Cerite-Manziate Map
IT6030019 Italy Macchiatonda Map
IT8010018 Italy Variconi Map
IT8030012 Italy Isola di Vivara Map
IT8030038 Italy Corpo centrale e rupi costiere occidentali dell'Isola di Capri Map
IT8040022 Italy Boschi e Sorgenti della Baronia Map
IT9110008 Italy Valloni e Steppe Pedegarganiche Map
IT9110009 Italy Valloni di Mattinata - Monte Sacro Map
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IT9130007 Italy Area delle Gravine Map
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ITA020025 Italy Bosco di S. Adriano Map
ITA020027 Italy Monte Iato, Kumeta, Maganoce e Pizzo Parrino Map
ITA020028 Italy Serra del Leone e Monte Stagnataro Map
ITA020034 Italy Monte Carcaci, Pizzo Colobria e ambienti umidi Map
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ITA020037 Italy Monti Barracù, Cardelia, Pizzo Cangialosi e Gole del Torrente Corleone Map
ITA030029 Italy Isola di Salina (Stagno di Lingua) Map
ITA040002 Italy Isola di Lampedusa e Lampione Map
ITB034008 Italy Stagno di Cabras Map
PTZPE0010 Portugal Estuário do Tejo Map
PTZPE0018 Portugal Sapais de Castro Marim Map
PTZPE0037 Portugal Rios Sabor e Maçãs Map
PTZPE0038 Portugal Douro Internacional e Vale do Águeda Map
PTZPE0042 Portugal Tejo Internacional, Erges e Pônsul Map
PTZPE0043 Portugal Campo Maior Map
PTZPE0045 Portugal Mourão/Moura/Barrancos Map
PTZPE0046 Portugal Castro Verde Map
PTZPE0047 Portugal Vale do Guadiana Map
ES2430096 Spain Río Guadalope, Val de Fabara y Val de Pilas Map
ES5130037 Spain Secans de Belianes-Preixana Map
ITA090007 Italy Cava Grande del Cassibile, Cava Cinque Porte, Cava e Bosco di Bauli Map
IT2040042 Italy Pian di Spagna e Lago di Mezzola Map
IT9150002 Italy Costa Otranto - Santa Maria di Leuca Map
ES6200006 Spain Espacios Abiertos e Islas del Mar Menor Map
IT7222214 Italy Calanchi Pisciarello - Macchia Manes Map
ES2430086 Spain Monte Alto y Siete Cabezos Map
ITA020035 Italy Monte Genuardo e Santa Maria del Bosco Map
ES2420114 Spain Saladas de Alcañiz Map
IT8020014 Italy Bosco di Castelpagano e Torrente Tammarecchia Map
BG0002012 Bulgaria Krumovitsa Map
ITB023037 Italy Costa e Entroterra di Bosa, Suni e Montresta Map
ES6200036 Spain Sierra del Buey Map
ITA060013 Italy Serre di Monte Cannarella Map
ITA020011 Italy Rocche di Castronuovo, Pizzo Lupo, Gurghi di S. Andrea Map
ITA090024 Italy Cozzo Ogliastri Map
IT9110039 Italy Promontorio del Gargano Map
ITB011102 Italy Catena del Marghine e del Goceano Map
GR4220020 Greece NISOS MILOS: PROFITIS ILIAS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
ES2430079 Spain Loma Negra Map
ITA040003 Italy Foce del Magazzolo, Foce del Platani, Capo Bianco, Torre Salsa Map
ES4310010 Spain La Serena Map
ITA040013 Italy Arcipelago delle Pelagie - area marina e terrestre Map
BG0002085 Bulgaria Chairya Map
ES2430085 Spain Laguna de Plantados y Laguna de Agón Map
ES4320037 Spain Sierra de Gata Map
IT8020001 Italy Alta Valle del Fiume Tammaro Map
ITB030036 Italy Stagno di Cabras Map
GR1150010 Greece DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
ITA020015 Italy Complesso Calanchivo di Castellana Sicula Map
ITA040006 Italy Complesso Monte Telegrafo e Rocca Ficuzza Map
IT9210215 Italy Monte Li Foi Map
ITA050012 Italy Torre Manfria, Biviere e Piana di Gela Map
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ITA020024 Italy Rocche di Ciminna Map
ES2410074 Spain Yesos de Barbastro Map
ITA020020 Italy Querceti sempreverdi di Geraci Siculo e Castelbuono Map
IT7228228 Italy Bosco Tanassi Map
ES6200016 Spain Revolcadores Map
ES2430032 Spain El Planerón Map
BG0002020 Bulgaria Radinchevo Map
IT7222266 Italy Boschi tra Fiume Saccione e Torrente Tona Map
ITA020031 Italy Monte d'Indisi, Montagna dei Cavalli, Pizzo Pontorno e Pian del Leone Map
ES2420131 Spain Los Yesares y Laguna de Tortajada Map
ITB011113 Italy Campo di Ozieri e Pianure Comprese tra Tula e Oschiri Map
ES2420123 Spain Sierra Palomera Map
ES4320077 Spain Monfragüe Map
ES6200034 Spain Lomas del Buitre y Río Luchena Map
GR1220001 Greece LIMNES VOLVI KAI LAGKADA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
ES2430090 Spain Dehesa de Rueda - Montolar Map
IT6030001 Italy Fiume Mignone (medio corso) Map
GR2330006 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA KOTYCHI, BRINIA Map
IT6030053 Italy Sughereta di Castel di Decima Map
ITA040010 Italy Litorale di Palma di Montechiaro Map
BG0002092 Bulgaria Harmanliyska reka Map
GR1130009 Greece LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
ES2200042 Spain Peñadil, Montecillo y Monterrey Map
IT7222256 Italy Calanchi di Civitacampomarano Map
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ES2410076 Spain Sierras de Alcubierre y Sigena Map
ITA010023 Italy Montagna Grande di Salemi Map
ITA090023 Italy Monte Lauro Map
IT6010030 Italy Area di S. Giovenale e Civitella Cesi Map
IT8010028 Italy Foce Volturno - Variconi Map
ITB013048 Italy Piana di Ozieri, Mores, Ardara, Tula e Oschiri Map
ES4250009 Spain Yesares del valle del Tajo Map
IT9110003 Italy Monte Cornacchia - Bosco Faeto Map
ES6200031 Spain Cabo Cope Map
ES6200044 Spain Sierra de los Victorias Map
IT8040008 Italy Lago di S. Pietro - Aquilaverde Map
ES6200014 Spain Saladares del Guadalentín Map
ITB010001 Italy Isola Asinara Map
IT9110005 Italy Zone umide della Capitanata Map
IT8040006 Italy Dorsale dei Monti del Partenio Map
PTCON0021 Portugal Rios Sabor e Maçãs Map
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ITA020022 Italy Calanchi, lembi boschivi e praterie di Riena Map
ES6150010 Spain Andévalo Occidental Map
ES6150012 Spain Dehesa del Estero y Montes de Moguer Map
ES3110006 Spain Vegas, cuestas y páramos del sureste de Madrid Map
ITA040004 Italy Foce del Fiume Verdura Map
ES2420112 Spain Las Planetas-Claverías Map
ITA020040 Italy Monte Zimmara (Gangi) Map
ITA010014 Italy Sciare di Marsala Map
ES6200025 Spain Sierra de la Fausilla Map
IT8040020 Italy Bosco di Montefusco Irpino Map
ITA060011 Italy Contrada Caprara Map
IT8020009 Italy Pendici meridionali del Monte Mutria Map
ES2430041 Spain Complejo Lagunar de La Salada de Chiprana Map
ITB020041 Italy Entroterra e zona costiera tra Bosa, Capo Marargiu e Porto Tangone Map
ES6200037 Spain Sierra del Serral Map
ITB043054 Italy Campidano Centrale Map
IT8020007 Italy Camposauro Map
ES3110003 Spain Cuenca del río Guadalix Map
ITA050006 Italy Monte Conca Map
BG0002003 Bulgaria Kresna Map
ES2430082 Spain Monegros Map
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ES2410030 Spain Serreta Negra Map
PTCON0007 Portugal S. Mamede Map
ITA090008 Italy Capo Murro di Porco, Penisola della Maddalena e Grotta Pellegrino Map
ITB032219 Italy Sassu - Cirras Map
IT8040003 Italy Alta Valle del Fiume Ofanto Map
ES2420115 Spain Salada de Calanda Map
ITA020048 Italy Monti Sicani, Rocca Busambra e Bosco della Ficuzza Map
BG0002062 Bulgaria Ludogorie Map
BG0002014 Bulgaria Madzharovo Map
BG0002053 Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan Map
ES2200037 Spain Bardenas Reales Map
GR2440002 Greece KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS Map
IT9110026 Italy Monte Calvo - Piana di Montenero Map
ITB021101 Italy Altopiano di Campeda Map
IT8050049 Italy Fiumi Tanagro e Sele Map
ES0000390 Spain San Clemente Map
ES2430083 Spain Montes de Alfajarín - Saso de Osera Map
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ITA020050 Italy Parco delle Madonie Map
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ES6200017 Spain Sierra de Villafuerte Map
ES6200043 Spain Río Quípar Map
IT7228226 Italy Macchia Nera - Colle Serracina Map
ITA020041 Italy Monte San Calogero (Gangi) Map
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ITA030043 Italy Monti Nebrodi Map
ITA010013 Italy Bosco di Calatafimi Map
ITB023050 Italy Piana di Semestene, Bonorva, Macomer e Bortigali Map
ITA020029 Italy Monte Rose e Monte Pernice Map
ITA040005 Italy Monte Cammarata - Contrada Salaci Map
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ES6200024 Spain Cabezo de Roldán Map
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IT7228229 Italy Valle Biferno dalla diga a Guglionesi Map
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BG0002021 Bulgaria Sakar Map
GR4210031 Greece NOTIO AKRO RODOU, PRASONISI, YGROTOPOS LIVADI KATTAVIAS Map
GR1420012 Greece PERIOCHI FARSALON Map
GR1420013 Greece PERIOCHI TYRNAVOU Map
GR4110010 Greece NOTIODYTIKI CHERSONISOS, APOLITHOMENO DASOS LESVOU Map
ES0000449 Spain Alto Turia y Sierra del Negrete Map
ES0000464 Spain Sierra Escalona y Dehesa de Campoamor Map
ES0000457 Spain Sierra de Salinas (ZEPA) Map
ES0000456 Spain Moratillas-Almela Map
ES0000455 Spain Els Alforins (ZEPA) Map
ES0000461 Spain Serres del Sud d'Alacant Map
ES0000452 Spain Meca-Mugrón-San Benito Map
ES0000468 Spain Serra d'Espadà (ZEPA) Map
ES0000465 Spain L'Alt Maestrat, Tinença de Benifassà, Turmell i Vallivana Map
ES6130017 Spain Alto Guadiato Map
ES6180017 Spain Campiñas de Sevilla Map
ES0000458 Spain Maigmó i Serres de la Foia de Castalla (ZEPA) Map
PTZPE0059 Portugal Torre da Bolsa Map
PTZPE0057 Portugal Cuba Map
PTZPE0054 Portugal São Vicente Map
PTZPE0051 Portugal Monforte Map
PTZPE0052 Portugal Veiros Map
PTZPE0053 Portugal Vila Fernando Map
PTZPE0056 Portugal Reguengos Map
PTZPE0055 Portugal Évora Map
PTZPE0058 Portugal Piçarras Map
IT6010058 Italy Monte Romano Map
IT9210201 Italy Lago del Rendina Map
IT8020015 Italy Invaso del Fiume Tammaro Map
CY3000007 Cyprus FRAGMA ACHNAS Map
CY4000018 Cyprus EKBOLES POTAMON EZOUSAS, XEROU, KAI DIARIZOU Map
CY6000009 Cyprus PERIOCHI KOSIIS - PALLOUROKAMPOU Map
GR1430007 Greece PERIOCHI TAMIEFTIRON PROIN LIMNIS KARLAS Map
GR4220030 Greece DYTIKI MILOS, ANTIMILOS, POLYAIGOS KAI NISIDES Map
GR1150011 Greece OROS PANGAIO KAI NOTIES YPOREIES TOU Map
GR1230006 Greece PERIOCHI ANTHOFYTOU Map
GR1230005 Greece PERIOCHI ELOUS ARTZAN Map
GR1240008 Greece OROS VORAS Map
GR1340008 Greece LIMNES ChEIMADITIDA KAI ZAZARI Map
GR1140009 Greece OROS FALAKRO Map
ROSPA0066 Romania Limanu - Herghelia Map
ES5130040 Spain Secans de Mas de Melons-Alfés Map
ROSPA0118 Romania Grindu - Valea Măcrişului Map
ES0000477 Spain Bellmunt-Almenara Map
ES0000484 Spain el Fondo d'Elx-Crevillent (ZEPA) Map
ES0000478 Spain Plans de Sió Map
ES0000480 Spain Secans del Segrià i Utxesa Map
ES0000476 Spain Valls del Sió-Llobregós Map
ES0000485 Spain Lagunas de la Mata y Torrevieja (ZEPA) Map
ES0000479 Spain Secans de Belianes-Preixana Map
HR1000026 Croatia Krka i okolni plato Map
HR1000024 Croatia Ravni kotari Map
HR1000023 Croatia SZ Dalmacija i Pag Map
HR1000031 Croatia Delta Neretve Map
BG0002115 Bulgaria Bilo Map

Protected sites

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Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Alouette calandre French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Arokiuru Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Calandra Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Calandra Lark English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Calandria Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Calandria común Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Calhandra-comum Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kalanderlärka Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kalanderleeuwerik Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kalanderlerche German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kalanderlærke Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Kalandra szara Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kalandrapacsirta Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:09610 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

38 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 500/2000 (pairs) 1995-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Albania 300/800 (pairs) 1981 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Azerbaijan 5000/10000 (pairs) 1996-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Azerbaijan 20000/40000 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 3000/5000 (pairs) 1996-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 1000/5000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Croatia 100/200 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 100/500 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 100/150 (pairs) - Breeding No qualification Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Cyprus 4000/12000 (pairs) 1994-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Cyprus Mediterranean 200/600 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
France 40/50 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 200/400 (pairs) 1990 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Georgia Present/Present (pairs) 2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 3000/5000 (pairs) 1995-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 10000/20000 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece Mediterranean 2000/5000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Italy 7000/15000 (pairs) 2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 5000/15000 (pairs) 1986 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Macedonia (FYR) 50000/100000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 15/25 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 150/300 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 3500/5000 (pairs) 1990 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Portugal 1000/10000 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal 10000/100000 (pairs) 1989 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Romania 50000/200000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 85000/105000 (pairs) 2000-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 20000/40000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Russian Federation 5000000/10000000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 1000000/10000000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Serbia and Montenegro 100/200 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovenia 0/0 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Spain 1030000/3400000 (pairs) 1992 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Spain 1030000/3400000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Turkey 4000000/10000000 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 100000/1000000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Ukraine 40000/80000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 400/1500 (pairs) 1984 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

38 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Albania 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Croatia 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% No qualification Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Cyprus 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Cyprus Mediterranean 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
France 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1970-1990 Breeding Large decrease of at least 50% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Georgia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece Mediterranean 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Italy 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Macedonia (FYR) 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Portugal 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Romania 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Serbia and Montenegro 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 10% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovenia 1970-1990 Breeding Gone extinct within the period Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Spain 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Turkey 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1970-1990 Breeding Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Ukraine 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 10% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1970-1990 Breeding Large decrease of at least 50% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Source: BirdLife International

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

19 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Bulgaria 2013-05-22 2014-12-31 The number of bird is not specified taking into account the unpredictable number of caught individuals. Capture (ringing) No impact
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Stuffing In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping for educational and scientific purpose In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Stuffing In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping for educational and scientific purpose In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 400 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 400 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Bulgaria 2011-04-01 2012-12-31 The permit allows 40 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Bulgaria 2011-04-01 2012-12-31 The permit allows 40 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Severen tsentralen 2009-06-08 2010-12-31 The permit allows 40 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Severoiztochen 2009-06-08 2010-12-31 The permit allows 40 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Yugoiztochen 2009-06-08 2010-12-31 The permit allows 40 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Yugozapaden 2009-06-08 2010-12-31 The permit allows 40 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Yuzhen tsentralen 2009-06-08 2010-12-31 The permit allows 40 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Severen tsentralen 2008-04-30 2008-12-31 Scientific researches. Capture (ringing) No impact
Severoiztochen 2008-04-30 2008-12-31 Scientific researches. Capture (ringing) No impact
Yugoiztochen 2008-04-30 2008-12-31 Scientific researches. Capture (ringing) No impact
Yugozapaden 2008-04-30 2008-12-31 Scientific researches. Capture (ringing) No impact
Yuzhen tsentralen 2008-04-30 2008-12-31 Scientific researches. Capture (ringing) No impact
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