Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Passeriformes > Family: Passeridae > Genus: Montifringilla > Species: Montifringilla nivalis

Snowfinch - Montifringilla nivalis (Linnaeus, 1766)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 1 other international agreement
Breeding habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
Natura 2000 species code A358

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000285 Spain San Juan de La Peña y Peña Oroel Map
ES0000297 Spain Sierra de Moncayo - Los Fayos - Sierra de Armas Map
ES2110009 Spain Gorbeia Map
ES2120011 Spain Aralar Map
ES2130009 Spain Urkiola Map
ES2410154 Spain Turberas del Macizo de Los Infiernos Map
ES2410155 Spain Turberas de Acumuer Map
GR2320004 Greece AISTHITIKO DASOS KALAVRYTON Map
IT1110006 Italy Orsiera Rocciavré Map
IT1110080 Italy Val Troncea Map
IT1160021 Italy Gruppo del Tenibres Map
IT1160056 Italy Alpi Marittime Map
IT1160057 Italy Alte Valli Pesio e Tanaro Map
IT1201000 Italy Parco Nazionale del Gran Paradiso Map
IT1202000 Italy Parco naturale Mont Avic Map
IT1204010 Italy Ambienti Glaciali del Monte Bianco Map
IT1204030 Italy Val Ferret Map
IT1204220 Italy Ambienti glaciali del Gruppo del Monte Rosa Map
IT2020001 Italy Lago di Piano Map
IT2030001 Italy Grigna Settentrionale Map
IT2040001 Italy Val Viera e Cime di Fopel Map
IT2040002 Italy Motto di Livigno - Val Saliente Map
IT2040003 Italy Val Federia Map
IT2040004 Italy Valle Alpisella Map
IT2040005 Italy Valle della Forcola Map
IT2040006 Italy La Vallaccia - Pizzo Filone Map
IT2040007 Italy Passo e Monte di Foscagno Map
IT2040008 Italy Cime di Plator e Monte delle Scale Map
IT2040009 Italy Valle di Fraele Map
IT2040010 Italy Valle del Braulio - Cresta di Reit Map
IT2040011 Italy Monte Vago - Val di Campo - Val Nera Map
IT2040012 Italy Val Viola Bormina - Ghiacciaio di Cima dei Piazzi Map
IT2040013 Italy Val Zebrù - Gran Zebrù - Monte Confinale Map
IT2040014 Italy Valle e Ghiacciaio dei Forni - Val Cedec - Gran Zebrù - Cevedale Map
IT2040016 Italy Monte di Scerscen - Ghiacciai di Scerscen - Monte Motta Map
IT2040017 Italy Disgrazia - Sissone Map
IT2040020 Italy Val di Mello - Piano di Preda Rossa Map
IT2040021 Italy Val di Togno - Pizzo Scalino Map
IT2040022 Italy Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna Map
IT2040029 Italy Val Tartano Map
IT2040031 Italy Val Cervia Map
IT2040034 Italy Valle d'Arigna e Ghiacciaio di Pizzo di Coca Map
IT2040035 Italy Val Bondone - Val Caronella Map
IT2040039 Italy Val Zerta Map
IT2040044 Italy Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio Map
IT2060003 Italy Alta Val Brembana - Laghi Gemelli Map
IT2060005 Italy Val Sedornia - Val Zurio - Pizzo della Presolana Map
IT2070001 Italy Torbiere del Tonale Map
IT2070002 Italy Monte Piccolo - Monte Colmo Map
IT2070003 Italy Val Rabbia e Val Galinera Map
IT2070004 Italy Monte Marser - Corni di Bos Map
IT2070005 Italy Pizzo Badile - Alta Val Zumella Map
IT2070006 Italy Pascoli di Crocedomini - Alta Val Caffaro Map
IT2070007 Italy Vallone del Forcel Rosso Map
IT2070009 Italy Versanti dell'Avio Map
IT2070010 Italy Piz Olda - Val Malga Map
IT2070013 Italy Ghiacciaio dell'Adamello Map
IT2070017 Italy Valli di San Antonio Map
IT2070302 Italy Val Caffaro Map
IT2070303 Italy Val Grigna Map
IT3120001 Italy Alta Val di Rabbi Map
IT3120002 Italy Alta Val La Mare Map
IT3120003 Italy Alta Val del Monte Map
IT3120015 Italy Tre Cime Monte Bondone Map
IT3120097 Italy Catena di Lagorai Map
IT3120099 Italy Piccole Dolomiti Map
IT3120105 Italy Burrone di Ravina Map
IT3120106 Italy Nodo del Latemar Map
IT3120108 Italy Val San Nicolò Map
IT3120126 Italy Val Noana Map
IT3210040 Italy Monti Lessini - Pasubio - Piccole Dolomiti Vicentine Map
IT3220036 Italy Altopiano dei Sette Comuni Map
IT3230003 Italy Gruppo del Sella Map
IT3230005 Italy Gruppo Marmolada Map
IT3230006 Italy Val Visdende - Monte Peralba - Quaterna' Map
IT3230017 Italy Monte Pelmo - Mondeval - Formin Map
IT3230043 Italy Pale di San Martino: Focobon, Pape - San Lucano, Agner - Croda Granda Map
IT3230071 Italy Dolomiti di Ampezzo Map
IT3230078 Italy Gruppo del Popera - Dolomiti di Auronzo e di Val Comelico Map
IT3230080 Italy Val Talagona - Gruppo Monte Cridola - Monte Duranno Map
IT3230081 Italy Gruppo Antelao - Marmarole - Sorapis Map
IT3230083 Italy Dolomiti Feltrine e Bellunesi Map
IT3230084 Italy Civetta - Cime di San Sebastiano Map
IT5210071 Italy Monti Sibillini (versante umbro) Map
IT5330029 Italy Dalla Gola del Fiastrone al Monte Vettore Map
IT5340013 Italy Monte Porche - Palazzo Borghese - Monte Argentella Map
IT5340020 Italy Valle dell'Infernaccio - Monte Sibilla Map
IT7110128 Italy Parco Nazionale Gran Sasso - Monti della Laga Map
IT7110202 Italy Gran Sasso Map
IT7110205 Italy Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo Map
IT7120132 Italy Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo, Lazio e Molise ed aree limitrofe Map
IT7120201 Italy Monti della Laga e Lago di Campotosto Map
IT7140129 Italy Parco Nazionale della Maiella Map
IT7140203 Italy Maiella Map
IT1205010 Italy Ambienti d'alta quota della Valgrisenche Map
IT2040042 Italy Pian di Spagna e Lago di Mezzola Map
IT2040403 Italy Riserva Regionale Paluaccio di Oga Map
IT2040601 Italy Bagni di Masino - Pizzo Badile - Val di Mello - Val Torrone - Piano di Preda Rossa Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
IT7110207 Italy Monti Simbruini Map
IT2040602 Italy Valle dei Ratti - Cime di Gaiazzo Map
IT2040401 Italy Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi Map
IT3120157 Italy Stelvio Map
IT7110206 Italy Monte Sirente e Monte Velino Map
IT1202020 Italy Mont Avic e Mont Emilius Map
IT3321001 Italy Alpi Carniche Map
IT1120027 Italy Alta Valsesia e Valli Otro, Vogna, Gronda, Artogna e Sorba Map
IT3120158 Italy Adamello Presanella Map
IT2070401 Italy Parco Naturale Adamello Map
IT3230089 Italy Dolomiti del Cadore e del Comelico Map
IT3120159 Italy Brenta Map
IT3120160 Italy Lagorai Map
IT2060506 Italy Belviso Barbellino Map
IT2060401 Italy Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche Map
IT3120178 Italy Pale di San Martino Map
IT3120166 Italy Re' di Castello - Breguzzo Map
IT3120172 Italy Monti Lessini - Piccole Dolomiti Map
IT3120168 Italy Lagorai Orientale - Cima Bocche Map
IT3120176 Italy Monte Sadron Map
IT3120177 Italy Dolomiti di Brenta Map
IT3120175 Italy Adamello Map
IT3120165 Italy Vermiglio - Folgarida Map
AT2219000 Austria Teile des steirischen Nockgebietes Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Fringuello alpino Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gorrión Alpino Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Havasi pinty Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lumivarpunen Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Niverolle alpine French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pardal-alpino Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Schneefink German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sneeuwvink Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Snöfink Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Snowfinch English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:16110 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

22 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 250/999 (pairs) 1981-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Andorra 0/10 (pairs) 1999-2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Armenia 800/3000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Austria 2000/5000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Azerbaijan 5000/20000 (pairs) 1996-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Azerbaijan 20000/80000 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 2500/12500 (pairs) 2000-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Georgia Present/Present (pairs) 2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 200/400 (pairs) 1995-1999 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 200/300 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 200/300 (pairs) 1996 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 3000/6000 (pairs) 2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Liechtenstein 4/8 (pairs) 1998-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Liechtenstein 5/10 (individuals) 1998-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Macedonia (FYR) 80/150 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 0/10 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 1000/5000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Serbia and Montenegro 60/100 (pairs) 1997-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovenia 100/300 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Spain 4500/6000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Switzerland 4000/8000 (pairs) 1993-1996 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 500000/1500000 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

22 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Andorra 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Armenia 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Georgia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Liechtenstein 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Liechtenstein 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Macedonia (FYR) 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Serbia and Montenegro 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovenia 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International
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