Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Gruiformes > Family: Otididae > Genus: Otis > Species: Otis tarda

Great Bustard - Otis tarda Linnaeus, 1758

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 7 other international agreements
Breeding habitats
  • cropland
  • grassland
Natura 2000 species code A129

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DE2948401 Germany Schorfheide-Chorin Map
DE3339402 Germany Niederung der Unteren Havel Map
DE3341401 Germany U. Rhinluch/Dreetzer See, Havell. Luch und Belziger Landschaftsw. Map
DE3639401 Germany Vogelschutzgebiet Fiener Bruch Map
DE3642401 Germany Rietzer See Map
DE3938401 Germany Zerbster Land Map
ES0000004 Spain LAGUNAS DE VILLAFÁFILA Map
ES0000017 Spain Cuenca de Gallocanta Map
ES0000068 Spain Embalse de Orellana y Sierra de Pela Map
ES0000069 Spain Embalse de Cornalvo y Sierra Bermeja Map
ES0000071 Spain Llanos de Cáceres y Sierra de Fuentes Map
ES0000093 Spain ZEPA Montes de Toledo Map
ES0000119 Spain Carrizales y sotos de Aranjuez Map
ES0000136 Spain Estepas de Belchite - El Planerón - La Lomaza Map
ES0000139 Spain Estepas cerealistas de los ríos Jarama y Henares Map
ES0000142 Spain Cortados y cantiles de los ríos Jarama y Manzanares Map
ES0000153 Spain Área esteparia del este de Albacete Map
ES0000154 Spain Zona esteparia de El Bonillo Map
ES0000157 Spain Campo de Calatrava Map
ES0000158 Spain Áreas esteparias del Campo de Montiel Map
ES0000167 Spain Estepas cerealistas de La Campiña Map
ES0000168 Spain Llanuras de Oropesa, Lagartera y Calera y Chozas Map
ES0000170 Spain Área esteparia de La Mancha norte Map
ES0000171 Spain El Plano-Blanca alta Map
ES0000180 Spain Estepas de Monegrillo y Pina Map
ES0000181 Spain La Retuerta y Saladas de Sástago Map
ES0000194 Spain OTEROS-CAMPOS Map
ES0000196 Spain Estepas de Yecla Map
ES0000201 Spain CAMINO DE SANTIAGO Map
ES0000203 Spain ALTOS DE BARAHONA Map
ES0000204 Spain TIERRA DE CAMPIÑAS Map
ES0000206 Spain CAÑONES DEL DUERO Map
ES0000207 Spain PENILLANURAS-CAMPOS SUR Map
ES0000208 Spain LLANURAS DEL GUAREÑA Map
ES0000209 Spain TIERRA DEL PAN Map
ES0000215 Spain OTEROS-CEA Map
ES0000216 Spain LA NAVA-CAMPOS SUR Map
ES0000217 Spain PENILLANURAS-CAMPOS NORTE Map
ES0000255 Spain PÁRAMO DE LAYNA Map
ES0000295 Spain Sierra de Alcubierre Map
ES0000302 Spain Parameras de Blancas Map
ES0000304 Spain Parameras de Campo Visiedo Map
ES0000325 Spain Campiña sur - Embalse de Arroyo Conejos Map
ES0000332 Spain Llanos de Trujillo Map
ES0000333 Spain Llanos de Zorita y Embalse de Sierra Brava Map
ES0000357 Spain ALTOS CAMPOS DE GÓMARA Map
ES0000359 Spain CAMPOS DE ALBA Map
ES0000362 Spain LA NAVA-RUEDA Map
ES0000365 Spain PÁRAMO LEONES Map
ES0000367 Spain La Serena y Sierras Periféricas Map
ES0000369 Spain Llanos de Alcantara y Brozas Map
ES0000398 Spain Llanos y Complejo Lagunar de la Albuera Map
ES0000399 Spain Embalse del Zujar Map
ES0000407 Spain Nacimiento del Río Gevora Map
ES0000408 Spain Vegas del Ruecas, Cubilar y Moheda Alta Map
ES0000418 Spain Embalse de Talaván Map
ES0000425 Spain Magasca Map
ES0000426 Spain Pinares de Garrovillas Map
ES4140036 Spain LA NAVA-CAMPOS NORTE Map
ES4310004 Spain Dehesas de Jerez Map
ES6180002 Spain Complejo endorreico La Lantejuela Map
GR1110006 Greece DELTA EVROU Map
HUBN10002 Hungary Borsodi-sík Map
HUBN10004 Hungary Hevesi-sík Map
HUFH10004 Hungary Mosoni-sík Map
HUHN10002 Hungary Hortobágy Map
HUHN10003 Hungary Bihar Map
HUHN10005 Hungary Jászság Map
HUKM10002 Hungary Kis-Sárrét Map
HUKM10003 Hungary Dévaványai-sík Map
HUKM10004 Hungary Hódmezővásárhely környéki és csanádi-háti puszták Map
HUKN10001 Hungary Felső-kiskunsági szikes puszták és turjánvidék Map
HUKN10002 Hungary Kiskunsági szikes tavak és az őrjegi turjánvidék Map
HUKN30003 Hungary Izsáki Kolon-tó Map
IT3320037 Italy Laguna di Marano e Grado Map
IT3330005 Italy Foce dell'Isonzo - Isola della Cona Map
IT9220144 Italy Lago S. Giuliano e Timmari Map
PTZPE0043 Portugal Campo Maior Map
PTZPE0045 Portugal Mourão/Moura/Barrancos Map
PTZPE0046 Portugal Castro Verde Map
PTZPE0047 Portugal Vale do Guadiana Map
SKCHVU029 Slovakia Sysľovské polia Map
SKUEV0311 Slovakia Kačenky Map
ES4190146 Spain LAGUNAS Y PASTIZALES SALINOS DE VILLAFÁFILA Map
DE3840421 Germany Hoher Fläming Map
ES4310010 Spain La Serena Map
SKUEV0313 Slovakia Devínske jazero Map
BG0002009 Bulgaria Zlatiyata Map
SKUEV0312 Slovakia Devínske alúvium Moravy Map
ES2430032 Spain El Planerón Map
BG0002020 Bulgaria Radinchevo Map
ES4130145 Spain LAGUNAS DE LOS OTEROS Map
ES4250009 Spain Yesares del valle del Tajo Map
ES3110001 Spain Cuencas de los ríos Jarama y Henares Map
ES4140053 Spain MONTES DEL CERRATO Map
DE3640421 Germany Fiener Bruch Map
ES6150010 Spain Andévalo Occidental Map
ES3110006 Spain Vegas, cuestas y páramos del sureste de Madrid Map
DE3341301 Germany Mühlenberg Nennhausen Map
ES2420112 Spain Las Planetas-Claverías Map
ES2430082 Spain Monegros Map
PTCON0007 Portugal S. Mamede Map
DE3242421 Germany Rhin-Havelluch Map
ES4140136 Spain LAGUNA DE LA NAVA Map
ES2200037 Spain Bardenas Reales Map
ES0000390 Spain San Clemente Map
ES2430083 Spain Montes de Alfajarín - Saso de Osera Map
ES4190102 Spain CAÑONES DEL DUERO Map
ES4240005 Spain Lagunas de Puebla de Beleña Map
IT3250043 Italy Garzaia della tenuta "Civrana" Map
DE2751421 Germany Randow-Welse-Bruch Map
ES4240023 Spain Lagunas y parameras del Señorío de Molina Map
PTCON0030 Portugal Caia Map
ES4170148 Spain ALTOS DE BARAHONA Map
ES2200031 Spain Yesos de la Ribera Estellesa Map
ES2430080 Spain El Castellar Map
ES2430043 Spain Laguna de Gallocanta Map
ES5213054 Spain Els Alforins Map
DE3542421 Germany Mittlere Havelniederung Map
ES4250005 Spain Montes de Toledo Map
ES2430107 Spain Sierras de Pardos y Santa Cruz Map
ROSPA0097 Romania Pescăria Cefa - Pădurea Rădvani Map
GR1420011 Greece PERIOCHI THESSALIKOU KAMPOU Map
ES0000455 Spain Els Alforins (ZEPA) Map
ES0000435 Spain Área esteparia de la margen derecha del río Guadarrama Map
ES0000452 Spain Meca-Mugrón-San Benito Map
ES6130017 Spain Alto Guadiato Map
ES6180017 Spain Campiñas de Sevilla Map
PTZPE0059 Portugal Torre da Bolsa Map
PTZPE0057 Portugal Cuba Map
PTZPE0051 Portugal Monforte Map
PTZPE0052 Portugal Veiros Map
PTZPE0053 Portugal Vila Fernando Map
PTZPE0056 Portugal Reguengos Map
PTZPE0055 Portugal Évora Map
PTZPE0058 Portugal Piçarras Map
ES0000436 Spain A Limia Map
AT1207000 Austria Kamp- und Kremstal Map
AT1213V00 Austria Sandboden und Praterterrasse Map
AT1126129 Austria Waasen - Hanság Map
AT1209000 Austria Westliches Weinviertel Map
AT1125129 Austria Parndorfer Platte - Heideboden Map
AT1202V00 Austria March-Thaya-Auen Map
BG0002115 Bulgaria Bilo Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Otididae) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc....ckColorLogged=FDC864

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) Middle-European population http://www.cms.int/
Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of the Middle-European Population of the Great Bustard (Otis tarda) - under Bonn Convention (GBustard) http://www.cms.int/great-bustard/
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) http://www.cites.org/eng
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...s/legislation_en.htm

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Abetarda Portuguese EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Abetarda-comum Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Avutarda Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Avutarda Común Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Drop Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Drop velký Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Grande Outarde French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Great Bustard English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Großtrappe German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Grote Trap Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Isotrappi Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Otarda Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Outarde barbue French EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Stortrapp Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Stortrappe Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Túzok Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

Bird action plan
CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:04460 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

38 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Austria 74/140 (individuals) 1998-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Austria 200/250 (individuals) 2001-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Austria 50/60 (individuals) 1993 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Azerbaijan 0/50 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 0/10 (individuals) 1995-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Czech Republic 0/6 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Czech Republic 1/10 (individuals) 2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Czech Republic Continental 7/13 (individuals) - Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Germany 73/95 (individuals) 1995-1999 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 150/150 (individuals) - Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Greece 2/2 (individuals) 2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Hungary 500/1200 (individuals) 1990-2003 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Hungary 1100/1200 (individuals) 1998-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Hungary Pannonian 1000/1200 (individuals) 1991 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 0/0 (individuals) 1996-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 2/3 (individuals) 1988 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Poland 0/0 (individuals) - Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Portugal 500/1500 (individuals) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal 500/700 (individuals) 1989 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Romania 0/2 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 0/5 (individuals) 1990-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 10/15 (individuals) - Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Russian Federation 5500/8000 (individuals) 1995-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 10000/11000 (individuals) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Serbia and Montenegro 30/42 (individuals) 1990-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Serbia and Montenegro 30/36 (individuals) 2000-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 20/100 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 8/16 (individuals) 2000-2003 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 25/40 (individuals) - Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Slovenia Present/Present (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Spain 23000/23000 (individuals) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Spain 13500/14000 (individuals) 1987-1989 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Turkey 400/1200 (individuals) 1991-2001 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 500/1000 (individuals) 2001 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 145/4000 (individuals) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Ukraine 500/720 (individuals) 1990-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 3000/8000 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 300/500 (individuals) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

38 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Austria 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1970-1990 Breeding Large decrease of at least 50% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Czech Republic 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Czech Republic 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Czech Republic Continental 1970-1990 Breeding Large decrease of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Germany 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1970-1990 Breeding Large decrease of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Hungary 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Hungary 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 30% to 49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Hungary Pannonian 1970-1990 Breeding Large decrease of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Moldova, Republic of 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing but no trend value given Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Poland 1970-1990 Breeding Gone extinct within the period Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Portugal 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Romania 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1970-1990 Breeding Large decrease of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1970-1990 Breeding Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Serbia and Montenegro 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Serbia and Montenegro 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 10% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 50% to 79% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1970-1990 Breeding Large decrease of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Slovenia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Turkey 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 50% to 79% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1970-1990 Breeding Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Ukraine 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Source: BirdLife International
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