Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Anseriformes > Family: Anatidae > Genus: Oxyura > Species: Oxyura leucocephala

White-headed Duck - Oxyura leucocephala (Scopoli, 1769)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Endangered (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 7 other international agreements
Reported as invasive by NOBANIS
Most preferred habitats
  • rivers and lakes
Natura 2000 species code A071

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000013 Spain Tablas de Daimiel Map
ES0000020 Spain Delta de l'Ebre Map
ES0000023 Spain L'Albufera Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000025 Spain Marismas del Odiel Map
ES0000026 Spain Complejo endorreico de Espera Map
ES0000027 Spain Laguna de Medina Map
ES0000028 Spain Complejo endorreico de Chiclana Map
ES0000029 Spain Complejo endorreico del Puerto de Sta. Maria Map
ES0000030 Spain Complejo endorreico de Puerto Real Map
ES0000033 Spain Laguna de Fuente de Piedra Map
ES0000034 Spain Lagunas del Sur de Cordoba Map
ES0000038 Spain S'Albufera de Mallorca Map
ES0000048 Spain Punta Entinas-Sabinar Map
ES0000058 Spain el Fondo d'Elx-Crevillent Map
ES0000069 Spain Embalse de Cornalvo y Sierra Bermeja Map
ES0000091 Spain ZEPA Humedales de La Mancha Map
ES0000142 Spain Cortados y cantiles de los ríos Jarama y Manzanares Map
ES0000195 Spain Humedal del Ajauque y Rambla Salada Map
ES0000272 Spain Brazo del Este Map
ES0000273 Spain Embalse de Cordobilla Map
ES0000275 Spain Complejo endorreico Lebrija-Las Cabezas Map
ES0000359 Spain CAMPOS DE ALBA Map
ES0000398 Spain Llanos y Complejo Lagunar de la Albuera Map
ES4140036 Spain LA NAVA-CAMPOS NORTE Map
ES6110001 Spain Albufera de Adra Map
ES6150003 Spain Estero de Domingo Rubio Map
ES6160002 Spain Alto Guadalquivir Map
ES6170001 Spain Laguna de La Ratosa Map
ES6170015 Spain Lagunas de Campillos Map
ES6180001 Spain Complejo endorreico de Utrera Map
ES6180002 Spain Complejo endorreico La Lantejuela Map
ES6180003 Spain Laguna del Gosque Map
GR1110006 Greece DELTA EVROU Map
GR1130010 Greece LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA Map
GR1220009 Greece LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
GR1220010 Greece DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS Map
GR1260008 Greece TECHNITI LIMNI KERKINIS - OROS KROUSIA Map
GR2440005 Greece KATO ROUS KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU POTAMOU Map
ES4250010 Spain Humedales de La Mancha Map
ES6160001 Spain Laguna Honda Map
BG0000270 Bulgaria Atanasovsko ezero Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
ES6150001 Spain Laguna del Portil Map
BG0000377 Bulgaria Kalimok - Brashlen Map
BG0002046 Bulgaria Yatata Map
GR1220001 Greece LIMNES VOLVI KAI LAGKADA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
ES4210004 Spain Lagunas saladas de Pétrola y Salobrejo y complejo lagunar de Corral Rubio Map
GR1130009 Greece LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
ES4250009 Spain Yesares del valle del Tajo Map
IT9110037 Italy Laghi di Lesina e Varano Map
BG0002022 Bulgaria Yazovir Rozov kladenets Map
ES4220001 Spain Navas de Malagón Map
ES3110006 Spain Vegas, cuestas y páramos del sureste de Madrid Map
ES6120011 Spain Laguna de Los Tollos Map
ITA010031 Italy Laghetti di Preola e Gorghi Tondi, Sciare di Mazara e Pantano Leone Map
ES4140136 Spain LAGUNA DE LA NAVA Map
GR2440002 Greece KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS Map
IT3340006 Italy Carso Triestino e Goriziano Map
BG0000273 Bulgaria Burgasko ezero Map
IT9110038 Italy Paludi presso il Golfo di Manfredonia Map
ES6200005 Spain Humedal del Ajauque y Rambla Salada Map
ES6150009 Spain Doñana Norte y Oeste Map
GR1110007 Greece DELTA EVROU KAI DYTIKOS VRACHIONAS Map
GR1260001 Greece LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO Map
BG0000442 Bulgaria Reka Martinka Map
ES6150004 Spain Lagunas de Palos y Las Madres Map
BG0000620 Bulgaria Pomorie Map
BG0000152 Bulgaria Pomoriysko ezero Map
ROSPA0060 Romania Lacurile Taşaul - Corbu Map
ROSPA0057 Romania Lacul Siutghiol Map
ROSPA0031 Romania Delta Dunării şi Complexul Razim - Sinoie Map
ROSPA0061 Romania Lacul Techirghiol Map
BG0000154 Bulgaria Ezero Durankulak Map
BG0002050 Bulgaria Durankulashko ezero Map
BG0000156 Bulgaria Shablenski ezeren kompleks Map
BG0000191 Bulgaria Varnensko-Beloslavsko ezero Map
BG0000271 Bulgaria Mandra - Poda Map
ES0000451 Spain Montdúver-Marjal de la Safor Map
ES0000438 Spain Carrizales y sotos del Jarama y Tajo Map
ES0000470 Spain Marjal dels Moros (ZEPA) Map
ES0000471 Spain l'Albufera (ZEPA) Map
ES6180017 Spain Campiñas de Sevilla Map
ES0000462 Spain Clot de Galvany Map
ES4310003 Spain Complejo Lagunar de la Albuera Map
ROSPA0066 Romania Limanu - Herghelia Map
ES0000484 Spain el Fondo d'Elx-Crevillent (ZEPA) Map
ES0000487 Spain Marjal de Pego-Oliva (ZEPA) Map
ES0000486 Spain Salines de Santa Pola (ZEPA) Map
ES0000485 Spain Lagunas de la Mata y Torrevieja (ZEPA) Map
ES5310125 Spain Albufera de Mallorca Map
ES0000537 Spain Lagunas de Campotejar Map
ES0000536 Spain Lagunas de las Moreras Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc....ckColorLogged=FDC864

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) http://www.cms.int/
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (AEWA) http://www.migratoryspecies....ent/about-cms-family

http://www.unep-aewa.org/en/legalinstrument/aewa
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) http://www.cites.org/eng
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...s/legislation_en.htm

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Érismature à tête blanche French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gobbo rugginoso Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Hvidhovedet and Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Kopparand Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Malvasía Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Malvasía Cabeciblanca Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pato-rabo-alçado Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sterniczka Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Viuhkasorsa Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Weißkopf-Ruderente German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
White-headed Duck English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Witkopeend Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

Bird action plan
CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:02260 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

18 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 0/2 (individuals) 1995-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Armenia 20/30 (pairs) 1997-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Azerbaijan 2000/7000 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 12/2260 (individuals) 1997-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Cyprus 0/6 (individuals) 1994-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 0/2 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Georgia Present/Present (pairs) 2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 260/2215 (individuals) 1995-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 50/700 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 80/100 (pairs) 1999-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 10/40 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Spain 417/2359 (individuals) 1990-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Spain 250/999 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Spain 50/100 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Turkey 3000/12000 (individuals) 1991-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 200/250 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 150/250 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Ukraine 0/8 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

18 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Armenia 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Cyprus 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Georgia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 50% to 79% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Spain 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1970-1990 Breeding Large increase of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Turkey 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Ukraine 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International
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