Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Anseriformes > Family: Anatidae > Genus: Oxyura > Species: Oxyura leucocephala

White-headed Duck - Oxyura leucocephala (Scopoli, 1769)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Endangered (IUCN)
EU Population status
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 7 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 88 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • rivers and lakes
Natura 2000 species code A071


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Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000013 Spain Tablas de Daimiel Map
ES0000020 Spain Delta de l'Ebre Map
ES0000023 Spain L'Albufera Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000025 Spain Marismas del Odiel Map
ES0000026 Spain Complejo Endorreico de Espera Map
ES0000027 Spain Laguna de Medina Map
ES0000028 Spain Complejo Endorreico de Chiclana Map
ES0000029 Spain Complejo Endorreico del Puerto de Santa María Map
ES0000030 Spain Complejo Endorreico de Puerto Real Map
ES0000033 Spain Laguna de Fuente de Piedra Map
ES0000034 Spain Lagunas del Sur de Córdoba Map
ES0000038 Spain S'Albufera de Mallorca Map
ES0000046 Spain Cabo de Gata-Níjar Map
ES0000048 Spain Punta Entinas-Sabinar Map
ES0000058 Spain el Fondo d'Elx-Crevillent Map
ES0000069 Spain Embalse de Cornalvo y Sierra Bermeja Map
ES0000091 Spain ZEPA Humedales de La Mancha Map
ES0000142 Spain Cortados y cantiles de los ríos Jarama y Manzanares Map
ES0000195 Spain Humedal del Ajauque y Rambla Salada Map
ES0000268 Spain Saladares del Guadalentín Map
ES0000272 Spain Brazo del Este Map
ES0000273 Spain Embalse de Cordobilla Map
ES0000274 Spain Embalse de Malpasillo Map
ES0000275 Spain Complejo Endorreico de Lebrija-Las Cabezas Map
ES0000398 Spain Llanos y Complejo Lagunar de la Albuera Map
ES6110001 Spain Albufera de Adra Map
ES6120014 Spain Laguna de Las Canteras y El Tejón Map
ES6150003 Spain Estero de Domingo Rubio Map
ES6160002 Spain Alto Guadalquivir Map
ES6170001 Spain Laguna de La Ratosa Map
ES6170015 Spain Lagunas de Campillos Map
ES6180001 Spain Complejo Endorreico de Utrera Map
ES6180002 Spain Complejo Endorreico de La Lantejuela Map
ES6180003 Spain Laguna del Gosque Map
GR1110006 Greece DELTA EVROU Map
ES4250010 Spain Humedales de La Mancha Map
ES6160001 Spain Laguna Honda Map
BG0000270 Bulgaria Atanasovsko ezero Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
ES6150001 Spain Laguna de El Portil Map
BG0002046 Bulgaria Yatata Map
ES4210004 Spain Lagunas saladas de Pétrola y Salobrejo y complejo lagunar de Corral Rubio Map
ES4250009 Spain Yesares del valle del Tajo Map
ES6110017 Spain Río Antas Map
IT9110037 Italy Laghi di Lesina e Varano Map
BG0002022 Bulgaria Yazovir Rozov kladenets Map
ES4220001 Spain Navas de Malagón Map
ES3110006 Spain Vegas, cuestas y páramos del sureste de Madrid Map
ES6120011 Spain Laguna de Los Tollos Map
ES6150017 Spain Marisma de Las Carboneras Map
ITA010031 Italy Laghetti di Preola e Gorghi Tondi, Sciare di Mazara e Pantano Leone Map
ES6150028 Spain Estuario del Río Piedras Map
IT3340006 Italy Carso Triestino e Goriziano Map
BG0000273 Bulgaria Burgasko ezero Map
IT9110038 Italy Paludi presso il Golfo di Manfredonia Map
ES6200005 Spain Humedal del Ajauque y Rambla Salada Map
ES6150009 Spain Doñana Norte y Oeste Map
ES6160004 Spain Laguna Grande Map
ES6150004 Spain Lagunas de Palos y Las Madres Map
BG0000152 Bulgaria Pomoriysko ezero Map
ROSPA0060 Romania Lacurile Tașaul - Corbu Map
ROSPA0057 Romania Lacul Siutghiol Map
ROSPA0031 Romania Delta Dunării și Complexul Razim - Sinoie Map
ROSPA0061 Romania Lacul Techirghiol Map
BG0002050 Bulgaria Durankulashko ezero Map
BG0000156 Bulgaria Shablenski ezeren kompleks Map
BG0000191 Bulgaria Varnensko-Beloslavsko ezero Map
BG0000271 Bulgaria Mandra - Poda Map
ES0000451 Spain Montdúver-Marjal de la Safor Map
ES0000438 Spain Carrizales y sotos del Jarama y Tajo Map
ES0000470 Spain Marjal dels Moros (ZEPA) Map
ES0000471 Spain l'Albufera (ZEPA) Map
ES6180017 Spain Campiñas de Sevilla Map
ES0000462 Spain Clot de Galvany Map
ES4310003 Spain Complejo Lagunar de la Albuera Map
ROSPA0066 Romania Limanu - Herghelia Map
ES0000484 Spain el Fondo d'Elx-Crevillent (ZEPA) Map
ES0000487 Spain Marjal de Pego-Oliva (ZEPA) Map
ES0000486 Spain Salines de Santa Pola (ZEPA) Map
ES0000485 Spain Lagunas de la Mata y Torrevieja (ZEPA) Map
ES5310125 Spain Albufera de Mallorca Map
ES0000537 Spain Lagunas de Campotejar Map
ES0000536 Spain Lagunas de las Moreras Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention)

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention)
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (AEWA) http://www.migratoryspecies....ent/about-cms-family
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Érismature à tête blanche French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gobbo rugginoso Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Hvidhovedet and Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Kopparand Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Malvasía Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Malvasía Cabeciblanca Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pato-rabo-alçado Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sterniczka Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Viuhkasorsa Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Weißkopf-Ruderente German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
White-headed Duck English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Witkopeend Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

Bird action plan
CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:02260 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Oxyura leucocephala European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100