Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Pelecaniformes > Family: Pelecanidae > Genus: Pelecanus > Species: Pelecanus onocrotalus

White Pelican - Pelecanus onocrotalus Linnaeus, 1758

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 6 other international agreements
Reported as invasive by NOBANIS
Breeding habitats
  • rivers and lakes
  • wetlands
Natura 2000 species code A019

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
CY6000002 Cyprus ALYKES LARNAKAS Map
GR1110006 Greece DELTA EVROU Map
GR1110008 Greece PARAPOTAMIO DASOS VOREIOU EVROU KAI ARDA Map
GR1130010 Greece LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA Map
GR1150001 Greece DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA Map
GR1220009 Greece LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
GR1220010 Greece DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS Map
GR1240006 Greece LIMNI KAI FRAGMA AGRA Map
GR1260002 Greece EKVOLES POTAMOU STRYMONA Map
GR1260008 Greece TECHNITI LIMNI KERKINIS - OROS KROUSIA Map
GR1270013 Greece YGROTOPOI NEAS FOKAIAS Map
GR1320003 Greece LIMNI ORESTIAS (KASTORIAS) Map
GR1340001 Greece ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON Map
GR1340005 Greece LIMNES CHEIMADITIDA - ZAZARI Map
GR1430005 Greece NISIA KYRA PANAGIA, PIPERI, PSATHOURA KAI GYRO NISIDES AGIOS GEORGIOS, NISOI ADELFOI, LECHOUSA, GAIDOURONISIA Map
GR2440005 Greece KATO ROUS KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU POTAMOU Map
GR2550008 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA GIALOVAS KAI NISOS SFAKTIRIA Map
GR4130002 Greece NISIA ANTIPSARA KAI NISIDES DASKALIO, MASTROGIORGI, PRASONISI, KATO NISI, MESIAKO, KOUTSOULIA Map
GR4340020 Greece LIMNI AGIAS (CHANIA) Map
IT1205070 Italy Zona Umida di Les Iles di Saint - Marcel Map
IT3320037 Italy Laguna di Marano e Grado Map
IT3330005 Italy Foce dell'Isonzo - Isola della Cona Map
IT4050022 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Medicina e Molinella Map
IT4060001 Italy Valli di Argenta Map
IT4070001 Italy Punte Alberete, Valle Mandriole Map
IT51A0033 Italy Lago di Burano Map
IT5220024 Italy Valle del Tevere: Laghi di Corbara - Alviano Map
IT9220144 Italy Lago S. Giuliano e Timmari Map
GR2110001 Greece AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) Map
GR1430004 Greece ETHNIKO THALASSIO PARKO ALONNISOU - VOREION SPORADON, ANATOLIKI SKOPELOS Map
BG0000270 Bulgaria Atanasovsko ezero Map
CY5000001 Cyprus DASOS LEMESOU Map
IT5220011 Italy Zona umida di Alviano Map
BG0002085 Bulgaria Chairya Map
BG0002009 Bulgaria Zlatiyata Map
BG0002020 Bulgaria Radinchevo Map
BG0000241 Bulgaria Srebarna Map
BG0002091 Bulgaria Ostrov Lakat Map
BG0002046 Bulgaria Yatata Map
BG0002114 Bulgaria Ribarnitsi Chelopechene Map
GR1220001 Greece LIMNES VOLVI KAI LAGKADA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
GR1240004 Greece LIMNI AGRA Map
GR1130009 Greece LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
BG0002041 Bulgaria Kompleks Ropotamo Map
BG0002028 Bulgaria Kompleks Straldzha Map
BG0002023 Bulgaria Yazovir Ovcharitsa Map
BG0002017 Bulgaria Kompleks Belenski ostrovi Map
IT1160060 Italy Altopiano di Bainale Map
BG0002062 Bulgaria Ludogorie Map
BG0002030 Bulgaria Kompleks Kalimok Map
GR1220002 Greece DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI - AXIOUPOLI Map
BG0002029 Bulgaria Kotlenska planina Map
BG0000242 Bulgaria Zaliv Chengene skele Map
BG0002048 Bulgaria Suha reka Map
PLH320019 Poland Wolin i Uznam Map
BG0002040 Bulgaria Strandzha Map
BG0002094 Bulgaria Adata - Tundzha Map
BG0002058 Bulgaria Sinite kamani - Grebenets Map
BG0000273 Bulgaria Burgasko ezero Map
BG0002083 Bulgaria Svishtovsko-Belenska nizina Map
BG0002007 Bulgaria Ostrov Ibisha Map
CY4000008 Cyprus KOILI - MAVROKOLYMPOS Map
BG0002010 Bulgaria Yazovir Pyasachnik Map
GR1110007 Greece DELTA EVROU KAI DYTIKOS VRACHIONAS Map
CY4000007 Cyprus XEROS POTAMOS Map
GR1260001 Greece LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO Map
BG0002074 Bulgaria Nikopolsko plato Map
BG0000152 Bulgaria Pomoriysko ezero Map
ROSPA0053 Romania Lacul Bugeac Map
ROSPA0022 Romania Comana Map
ROSPA0048 Romania Ianca - Plopu - Sărat Map
ROSPA0006 Romania Balta Tătaru Map
ROSPA0108 Romania Vedea - Dunăre Map
ROSPA0060 Romania Lacurile Taşaul - Corbu Map
ROSPA0091 Romania Pădurea Babadag Map
ROSPA0010 Romania Bistreţ Map
ROSPA0059 Romania Lacul Strachina Map
ROSPA0046 Romania Gruia - Gârla Mare Map
ROSPA0105 Romania Valea Mostiştea Map
ROSPA0004 Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău Map
ROSPA0056 Romania Lacul Oltina Map
ROSPA0051 Romania Iezerul Călăraşi Map
ROSPA0002 Romania Allah Bair - Capidava Map
ROSPA0057 Romania Lacul Siutghiol Map
ROSPA0073 Romania Măcin - Niculiţel Map
ROSPA0100 Romania Stepa Casimcea Map
ROSPA0090 Romania Ostrovu Lung - Gostinu Map
ROSPA0040 Romania Dunărea Veche - Braţul Măcin Map
ROSPA0052 Romania Lacul Beibugeac Map
ROSPA0039 Romania Dunăre - Ostroave Map
ROSPA0070 Romania Lunca Prutului - Vlădeşti - Frumuşiţa Map
ROSPA0037 Romania Dumbrăviţa - Rotbav - Măgura Codlei Map
ROSPA0031 Romania Delta Dunării şi Complexul Razim - Sinoie Map
ROSPA0012 Romania Braţul Borcea Map
ROSPA0077 Romania Măxineni Map
ROSPA0102 Romania Suhaia Map
ROSPA0017 Romania Canaralele de la Hârşova Map
ROSPA0054 Romania Lacul Dunăreni Map
ROSPA0013 Romania Calafat - Ciuperceni - Dunăre Map
ROSPA0065 Romania Lacurile Fundata - Amara Map
ROSPA0071 Romania Lunca Siretului Inferior Map
ROSPA0061 Romania Lacul Techirghiol Map
BG0002051 Bulgaria Kaliakra Map
BG0002082 Bulgaria Batova Map
BG0002097 Bulgaria Belite skali Map
BG0002050 Bulgaria Durankulashko ezero Map
BG0002043 Bulgaria Emine Map
BG0000156 Bulgaria Shablenski ezeren kompleks Map
BG0002044 Bulgaria Kamchiyska planina Map
BG0000191 Bulgaria Varnensko-Beloslavsko ezero Map
BG0002061 Bulgaria Balchik Map
BG0002077 Bulgaria Bakarlaka Map
BG0002038 Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plato Map
BG0000271 Bulgaria Mandra - Poda Map
BG0002045 Bulgaria Kompleks Kamchia Map
BG0002098 Bulgaria Rupite Map
BG0002066 Bulgaria Zapadna Strandzha Map
BG0002060 Bulgaria Galata Map
BG0002021 Bulgaria Sakar Map
CY3000007 Cyprus FRAGMA ACHNAS Map
GR3000016 Greece YGROTOPOS SCHINIA Map
GR1110012 Greece SAMOTHRAKI: OROS FENGARI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR1230005 Greece PERIOCHI ELOUS ARTZAN Map
GR1340008 Greece LIMNES ChEIMADITIDA KAI ZAZARI Map
GR4220032 Greece VOREIA SYROS KAI NISIDES Map
ROSPA0121 Romania Lacul Brateş Map
ROSPA0130 Romania Maţa - Cârja - Rădeanu Map
ROSPA0112 Romania Câmpia Gherghiţei Map
BG0002115 Bulgaria Bilo Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Pelecanidae) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc....ckColorLogged=FDC864

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) Palearctic populations http://www.cms.int/
Western Palearctic populations
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (AEWA) http://www.migratoryspecies....ent/about-cms-family

http://www.unep-aewa.org/en/legalinstrument/aewa
Barcelona Convention Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SPA/BD Protocol) http://rac-spa.org/protocol

http://rac-spa.org/sites/def...sion_ig_19_12_en.pdf

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Almindelig pelikan Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Pélican blanc French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pelícano Común Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pelicano-vulgar Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pelikaan Dutch EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Pelikaani Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pelikan Swedish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Pelikán bílý Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pellicano Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Rosapelikan German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Rózsás gödény Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Vit pelikan Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
White Pelican English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Witte Pelikaan Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:00880 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

19 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Azerbaijan 150/850 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 1/22 (individuals) 1997-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 2/2 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Cyprus 0/25 (individuals) 1994-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Georgia Present/Present (pairs) 2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 50/100 (pairs) 1990-1998 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 1/20 (individuals) 1995-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 50/50 (pairs) 1990-1993 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Macedonia (FYR) 0/20 (individuals) 1999-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 12/40 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 3500/4000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 3000/3500 (pairs) 1989-1993 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Russian Federation 400/450 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 100/350 (pairs) - Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Serbia and Montenegro 0/2 (individuals) 1990-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 60/80 (individuals) 1991-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 180/420 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 250/400 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Ukraine 14/150 (pairs) 1996-1999 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

19 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 50% to 100% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Cyprus 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Georgia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Macedonia (FYR) 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 50% to 79% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 50% to 79% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Serbia and Montenegro 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 50% to 100% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Ukraine 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing but of unknown magnitude Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

One item found.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Poland 2014-06-01 2015-05-31 It is not possible to determine the number of individuals Capture (ringing) None
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100