Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Gruiformes > Family: Rallidae > Genus: Porphyrio > Species: Porphyrio porphyrio

Purple Gallinule - Porphyrio porphyrio (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 2 other international agreements
Reported as invasive by NOBANIS
Natura 2000 species code A124

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000013 Spain Tablas de Daimiel Map
ES0000014 Spain Monfragüe y las Dehesas del Entorno Map
ES0000019 Spain Aiguamolls de l'Alt Empordà Map
ES0000020 Spain Delta de l'Ebre Map
ES0000023 Spain L'Albufera Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000026 Spain Complejo endorreico de Espera Map
ES0000027 Spain Laguna de Medina Map
ES0000029 Spain Complejo endorreico del Puerto de Sta. Maria Map
ES0000033 Spain Laguna de Fuente de Piedra Map
ES0000034 Spain Lagunas del Sur de Cordoba Map
ES0000038 Spain S'Albufera de Mallorca Map
ES0000058 Spain el Fondo d'Elx-Crevillent Map
ES0000060 Spain Prat de Cabanes i Torreblanca Map
ES0000091 Spain ZEPA Humedales de La Mancha Map
ES0000119 Spain Carrizales y sotos de Aranjuez Map
ES0000140 Spain Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000142 Spain Cortados y cantiles de los ríos Jarama y Manzanares Map
ES0000146 Spain Delta del Llobregat Map
ES0000147 Spain Marjal de Pego-Oliva Map
ES0000148 Spain Marjal dels Moros Map
ES0000169 Spain Río Tajo en Castrejón, islas de Malpica de Tajo y Azután Map
ES0000211 Spain Desembocadura del riu Millars Map
ES0000260 Spain Mar Menor Map
ES0000262 Spain Sierras del Gigante-Pericay, Lomas del Buitre-Río Luchena y Sierra de la Torrecilla Map
ES0000272 Spain Brazo del Este Map
ES0000273 Spain Embalse de Cordobilla Map
ES0000274 Spain Embalse de Malpasillo Map
ES0000275 Spain Complejo endorreico Lebrija-Las Cabezas Map
ES0000294 Spain Laguna de Sariñena y Balsa de La Estación Map
ES0000324 Spain Embalse de Arrocampo Map
ES0000328 Spain Embalse de Montijo Map
ES0000393 Spain Azud de Badajoz Map
ES0000400 Spain Arrozales de Palazuelo y Guadalperales Map
ES0000418 Spain Embalse de Talaván Map
ES5120015 Spain Litoral del Baix Empordà Map
ES6110001 Spain Albufera de Adra Map
ES6120001 Spain Cola del Embalse de Arcos Map
ES6150003 Spain Estero de Domingo Rubio Map
ES6160002 Spain Alto Guadalquivir Map
ES6170001 Spain Laguna de La Ratosa Map
ES6170015 Spain Lagunas de Campillos Map
ES6180001 Spain Complejo endorreico de Utrera Map
ES6180002 Spain Complejo endorreico La Lantejuela Map
ES6180003 Spain Laguna del Gosque Map
ES6310001 Spain Calamocarro-Benzú Map
FR9110034 France Étang du Bagnas Map
FR9110042 France Étangs palavasiens et étang de l'Estagnol Map
FR9310019 France Camargue Map
IT20B0009 Italy Valli del Mincio Map
ITA050001 Italy Biviere e Macconi di Gela Map
ITA060002 Italy Lago di Pergusa Map
ITA070001 Italy Foce del Fiume Simeto e Lago Gornalunga Map
ITA090002 Italy Vendicari Map
ITA090003 Italy Pantani della Sicilia sud orientale Map
ITA090004 Italy Pantano Morghella Map
ITA090006 Italy Saline di Siracusa e Fiume Ciane Map
ITA090013 Italy Saline di Priolo Map
ITB034001 Italy Stagno di S'Ena Arrubia Map
ITB034004 Italy Corru S'Ittiri, stagno di S. Giovanni e Marceddì Map
ITB034005 Italy Stagno di Pauli Majori Map
ITB034008 Italy Stagno di Cabras Map
ITB044002 Italy Saline di Molentargius Map
ITB044003 Italy Stagno di Cagliari Map
PTZPE0005 Portugal Paul de Arzila Map
PTZPE0006 Portugal Paul da Madriz Map
PTZPE0008 Portugal Paul do Boquilobo Map
PTZPE0011 Portugal Estuário do Sado Map
PTZPE0013 Portugal Lagoa de Santo André Map
PTZPE0017 Portugal Ria Formosa Map
PTZPE0018 Portugal Sapais de Castro Marim Map
PTZPE0049 Portugal Lagoa Pequena Map
ITB040019 Italy Stagni di Colostrai e delle Saline Map
ES5233030 Spain Marjal de la Safor Map
ES6200006 Spain Espacios Abiertos e Islas del Mar Menor Map
ITB030033 Italy Stagno di Pauli Maiori di Oristano Map
ITB010003 Italy Stagno e ginepreto di Platamona Map
ITA090029 Italy Pantani della Sicilia sud-orientale, Morghella, di Marzamemi, di Punta Pilieri e Vendicari Map
ITB030036 Italy Stagno di Cabras Map
ITA050012 Italy Torre Manfria, Biviere e Piana di Gela Map
ES6150001 Spain Laguna del Portil Map
ES4320077 Spain Monfragüe Map
ES6200034 Spain Lomas del Buitre y Río Luchena Map
ES4250009 Spain Yesares del valle del Tajo Map
ITB042223 Italy Stagno di Santa Caterina Map
ITB040029 Italy Costa di Nebida Map
ES5223007 Spain Marjal d'Almenara Map
ES6150012 Spain Dehesa del Estero y Montes de Moguer Map
ES3110006 Spain Vegas, cuestas y páramos del sureste de Madrid Map
ITA070025 Italy Tratto di Pietralunga del Fiume Simeto Map
ITB042226 Italy Stagno di Porto Botte Map
ES6120011 Spain Laguna de Los Tollos Map
ITA070029 Italy Biviere di Lentini, tratto mediano e foce del Fiume Simeto e area antistante la foce Map
ITB010004 Italy Foci del Coghinas Map
ITA050011 Italy Torre Manfria Map
ITB030016 Italy Stagno di S'Ena Arrubia e territori limitrofi Map
ES6150014 Spain Marismas y Riberas del Tinto Map
ITB030032 Italy Stagno di Corru S'Ittiri Map
ES6200008 Spain Sierra Salinas Map
ITB040023 Italy Stagno di Cagliari, Saline di Macchiareddu, Laguna di Santa Gilla Map
ITB030037 Italy Stagno di Santa Giusta Map
ITB020013 Italy Palude di Osalla Map
ITB040028 Italy Punta S'Aliga Map
ITB011155 Italy Lago di Baratz - Porto Ferro Map
ITB040022 Italy Stagno di Molentargius e territori limitrofi Map
ITB030034 Italy Stagno di Mistras di Oristano Map
FR9112007 France Étangs du Narbonnais Map
IT20B0017 Italy Ansa e Valli del Mincio Map
FR9112017 France Étang de Mauguio Map
ES6150009 Spain Doñana Norte y Oeste Map
ITB043025 Italy Stagni di Colostrai Map
ES6150019 Spain Bajo Guadalquivir Map
ITB022214 Italy Lido di Orrì Map
ITB040018 Italy Foce del Flumendosa - Sa Praia Map
ITB010002 Italy Stagno di Pilo e di Casaraccio Map
FR9112025 France Complexe lagunaire de Canet-Saint Nazaire Map
PTCON0013 Portugal Ria Formosa/Castro Marim Map
ES6150004 Spain Lagunas de Palos y Las Madres Map
ITB013012 Italy Stagno di Pilo, Casaraccio e Saline di Stintino Map
ES0000451 Spain Montdúver-Marjal de la Safor Map
ES0000450 Spain Marjal i Estanys d'Almenara Map
ES0000438 Spain Carrizales y sotos del Jarama y Tajo Map
ES0000470 Spain Marjal dels Moros (ZEPA) Map
ES0000471 Spain l'Albufera (ZEPA) Map
ES0000467 Spain Prat de Cabanes i Torreblanca (ZEPA) Map
ES6180017 Spain Campiñas de Sevilla Map
ES0000462 Spain Clot de Galvany Map
ES0000484 Spain el Fondo d'Elx-Crevillent (ZEPA) Map
ES0000487 Spain Marjal de Pego-Oliva (ZEPA) Map
ES0000486 Spain Salines de Santa Pola (ZEPA) Map
ES0000485 Spain Lagunas de la Mata y Torrevieja (ZEPA) Map
ES5310125 Spain Albufera de Mallorca Map
ES0000537 Spain Lagunas de Campotejar Map
ES0000536 Spain Lagunas de las Moreras Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Caimão-comum Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Calamón Común Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kék-fú Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Modrzyk Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pollo sultano Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Poule sultane French EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Purperkoet Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Purple Gallinule English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Purpurhöna Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Purpurhuhn German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Slípka modrá Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sultanhøne Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Sulttaanikana Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Talève sultane French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

Bird action plan
CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:04270 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

17 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Azerbaijan 5000/25000 (pairs) 1996-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Azerbaijan 2000/10000 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 3/5 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 3/5 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 10/15 (pairs) 1998-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 450/600 (pairs) 1999 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 1000/2000 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 240/300 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Portugal 49/67 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal 5/10 (pairs) 1989 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Russian Federation 500/1500 (pairs) 1995-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 100/1000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Spain 6400/6700 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Spain 3000/3500 (pairs) - Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Turkey 2500/3000 (individuals) 1991-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 750/1000 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 100/200 (pairs) 1990 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

17 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing but of unknown magnitude Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing but of unknown magnitude Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Portugal 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 50% to 79% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Spain 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Turkey 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Source: BirdLife International

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

21 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2015-12-15 Portugal PT_Birds_2014_correct file habides_export.xml
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Alsace
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Lorraine
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files PACA
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Auvergne
2015-10-09 Czech Republic Report according to Art. 9.3 of the Birds Directive - CZ 2014 Report according to Art. 9.3 of the Birds Directive - CZ 2014
2015-03-25 Spain Bird derogations for Spain 2013 Birds Spain 2013
2015-01-26 Portugal BIRDS 2013 PT BIRDS 2013 PT
2014-10-23 Spain Birds Derogation for Spain 2012 Birds Derogation for Spain 2012
2014-10-02 Czech Republic Report according to Art. 9.3 of the Birds Directive - CZ 2013 2013BD_CZ
2013-12-09 Portugal PT_Birds_2011.xml PT_Birds_2011
2013-12-09 Portugal PT_Birds_2012.xml PT_Birds_2012
2013-10-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2012 Derogations report BD BE2012
2013-08-07 Italy Birds Derogation Report 2011 Birds Derogation Report 2011
2013-04-15 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2011 Derogations Belgium BD 2011
2012-12-09 Portugal Birds Derrogations 2009-2010 PT_Birds_2009_2010
2012-05-29 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2009 Derogations Belgium BD 2009
2012-05-29 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2010 Derogations Belgium BD 2010
2012-01-03 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2009 error Derogations Flanders BD & HD 2009
2010-12-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2007-2008 derogations2007_VL.xml
2010-12-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2007-2008 derogations2008_VL.xml

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

One item found.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Cataluña 2013-01-02 2013-12-30 Cantidad Indeterminada. Capture (ringing) No hay impacto
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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