Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Beloniformes > Family: Belonidae > Genus: Belone > Species: Belone belone > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Belone belone gracilis Lowe, 1839 Fishbase (2002)

Garfish - Belone belone (Linnaeus, 1761)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Natura 2000 species code 5568

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Aguglia French Fishbase
Aguglia Italian Fishbase
Aguia French Fishbase
Aguïo French Fishbase
Aguja Spanish Fishbase
Agujo French Fishbase
Agulha Portuguese Fishbase
Agulio French Fishbase
Agulla Spanish Fishbase
Ahulla Spanish Fishbase
Aiguille de mer French Fishbase
Aiguillette French Fishbase
Alpabarda Spanish Fishbase
An chorr uaine Irish (recte Irish Gaelic) Fishbase
Anguillo French Fishbase
Belona pospolita Polish Fishbase
Corsito Spanish Fishbase
Garfish English Fishbase
Garpike English Fishbase
Geep Dutch Fishbase
Geirsili Icelandic Fishbase
Gemeiner hornhecht German Fishbase
Greenbone English Fishbase
Grünknochen German Fishbase
Guya Spanish Fishbase
Hornfish English Fishbase
Hornfisk Danish Fishbase
Hornfiskur Icelandic Fishbase
Horngädda Swedish Fishbase
Horngjel Norwegian Fishbase
Hornhecht German Fishbase
Imsella Maltese Fishbase
Imsella komuni Maltese Fishbase
Lanzón Spanish Fishbase
Näbbgädda Swedish Fishbase
Nokkakala Finnish Fishbase
Orphie French Fishbase
Orphie commun French Fishbase
Orphie vulgaire French Fishbase
Peshku lejlek Albanian Fishbase
Piexe agulha Portuguese Fishbase
Poisson cornu French Fishbase
Saltón Spanish Fishbase
Sargan Russian Fishbase
Schneefell German Fishbase
Zargan Bulgarian Fishbase
Zargan Romanian Fishbase
Zargána Greek Fishbase
Zargana Turkish Fishbase
Synonym Author
Belone belone belone (Linnaeus, 1761)

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100