Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Perciformes > Family: Labridae > Genus: Coris > Species: Coris julis

African rainbow wrasse - Coris julis (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Natura 2000 species code 5611

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
African rainbow wrasse English Fishbase
Doncella Spanish Fishbase
Donzella Italian Fishbase
Gharusa Maltese Fishbase
Gharusa armla Maltese Fishbase
Girelle French Fishbase
Judia Portuguese Fishbase
Julia Spanish Fishbase
Junkergylte Danish Fishbase
Knez Slovenian Fishbase
Korys doncela Polish Fishbase
Lambaz Portuguese Fishbase
Meerjunker German Fishbase
Morskoi yunker Russian Fishbase
Peshk bari Albanian Fishbase
Piça Portuguese Fishbase
Piça-del-rei Portuguese Fishbase
Pixxire' Maltese Fishbase
Rainbow wrasse English Fishbase
Xulia Spanish Fishbase
Synonym Author
Labrus paroticus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus julis Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus giofredi Risso, 1810
Julis mediterranea Risso, 1827
Julis speciosa Risso, 1827
Julis vulgaris Fleming, 1828
Julis festiva Valenciennes, 1839
Julis melanura Lowe, 1839
Julis julis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Coris speciosa (Risso, 1827)
Coris festiva (Valenciennes, 1839)
Julis azorensis Fowler, 1919
Coris taeniatus Steindachner, 1863

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100