Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Ophidiiformes > Family: Carapidae > Genus: Carapus > Species: Carapus acus

Pearl fish - Carapus acus (Brünnich, 1768)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Not evaluated


Least Concern


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Aurin French Fishbase
Bishtholla Albanian Fishbase
Galiotto Italian Fishbase
Huta tal-hjar Maltese Fishbase
Karap europejski Polish Fishbase
Nadelfisch German Fishbase
Pearl fish English Fishbase
Rubioca Spanish Fishbase
Strmorinec Slovenian Fishbase
Synonym Author
Fierasfer imberbis (Cuvier, 1815)
Fierasfer acus (Brünnich, 1768)
Carapus imberbis (Cuvier, 1815)
Gymnotus acus Brünnich, 1768
Carapus variegatus (non Fowler & Steinitz, 1956)
Carapus birpex Arnold, 1956
Carapus cuspis Arnold, 1956
Notopterus fontanesii Risso, 1810
Ophidium imberbe Cuvier, 1815
Ophidium fierasfer Risso, 1827
Fierasfer fontanesii (Risso, 1810)
Diaphasia acus (Brünnich, 1768)
Vexillifer dephilippii Gasco, 1870
Encheliophis tenuis Putnam, 1874
Fierasfer maculata Swainson, 1839
Porobronchus linearis Kaup, 1860

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100