Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Clupeiformes > Family: Clupeidae > Genus: Sardina > Species: Sardina pilchardus

European pilchard - Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum, 1792)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Near Threatened (IUCN)

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Not evaluated


Near Threatened


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
An pilséar Irish (recte Irish Gaelic) Fishbase
An sairdín Irish (recte Irish Gaelic) Fishbase
European pilchard English Fishbase
Evropeiskaya sardina Russian Fishbase
Nemusa (juvenile) Maltese Fishbase
Parrocha Spanish Fishbase
Pelser Dutch Fishbase
Pilchard English Fishbase
Pilchard German Fishbase
Saraga Maltese Fishbase
Sarda Maltese Fishbase
Sardalya Turkish Fishbase
Sardea Romanian Fishbase
Sardela Serbian Fishbase
Sardela Slovenian Fishbase
Sardelë Albanian Fishbase
Sardele Greek Fishbase
Sardélla Greek Fishbase
Sardien Dutch Fishbase
Sardientje Dutch Fishbase
Sardiini Finnish Fishbase
Sardin Danish Fishbase
Sardin Norwegian Fishbase
Sardin Swedish Fishbase
Sardina Bulgarian Fishbase
Sardína Icelandic Fishbase
Sardina Italian Fishbase
Sardina Romanian Fishbase
Sardina Spanish Fishbase
Sardina (adult) Maltese Fishbase
Sardina kahla Maltese Fishbase
Sardine English Fishbase
Sardine German Fishbase
Sardine commune French Fishbase
Sardine d'Europe French Fishbase
Sardinha Portuguese Fishbase
Sardinopa-chilena Portuguese Fishbase
Sardinur Icelandic Fishbase
Sardynka europejska Polish Fishbase
Soused pilchards English Fishbase
Srajdna (juvenile) Maltese Fishbase
Srdela Serbian Fishbase
Srdjela Serbian Fishbase
Xouba Spanish Fishbase
Σαρδέλα Greek Fishbase
Synonym Author
Arengus minor Cornide, 1788
Clupanodon sardina Risso, 1827
Clupea laticosta Lowe, 1843
Clupea pilchardus var.2 sardinia (to be filled)
Clupea sardinia Lowe, 1837
Sardina dobrogica Antipa, 1904
Clupea pilchardus Walbaum, 1792
Sardina pilchardus sardina (Risso, 1827)
Alosa pilchardus (Walbaum, 1792)
Clupea harengus pilchardus Walbaum, 1792
Clupea pilchardus Bloch, 1795

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100