Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Perciformes > Family: Sphyraenidae > Genus: Sphyraena > Species: Sphyraena sphyraena

European barracuda - Sphyraena sphyraena (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Data Deficient (IUCN)

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Alluzz Maltese Fishbase
Barakuda Slovenian Fishbase
Barakuda skaram Serbian Fishbase
Barracuda Dutch Fishbase
Barracuda German Fishbase
Barracuda Italian Fishbase
Barracuda Spanish Fishbase
Barracuda Swedish Fishbase
Barracuda-europeia Portuguese Fishbase
Barrakuda Danish Fishbase
Barrakuda Finnish Fishbase
Barrakuda Norwegian Fishbase
Barrakuda Ukrainian Fishbase
Barrakuda europejska Polish Fishbase
Bècune French Fishbase
Bécune européenne French Fishbase
Bicuda Portuguese Fishbase
Brochet de mer French Fishbase
Espetón Spanish Fishbase
European barracuda English Fishbase
Europeisk barracuda Norwegian Fishbase
Lizz Maltese Fishbase
Loútsos Greek Fishbase
Luccio marino Italian Fishbase
Luci Romanian Fishbase
Luzzu Maltese Fishbase
Mittelmeerbarrakuda German Fishbase
Pfeilhecht German Fishbase
Pilgädda Swedish Fishbase
Sfirena Russian Fishbase
Shtize Albanian Fishbase
Striped barracuda English Fishbase
Synonym Author
Sphyraena spet (Haüy, 1787)
Sphyraena vulgaris Cuvier, 1829
Sphyraena bocagei Osório, 1891
Sphyraena sphyraena bocagei Osório, 1891
Esox sphyraena Linnaeus, 1758
Sphyraena guachancho (non Cuvier, 1829)

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100