Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Elasmobranchii > Order: Torpediniformes > Family: Torpedinidae > Genus: Torpedo > Species: Torpedo torpedo

Common torpedo - Torpedo torpedo (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Natura 2000 species code 5886

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Augenfleckzitterrochen German Fishbase
Baca Spanish Fishbase
Common torpedo English Fishbase
Cramp ray English Fishbase
Crampfish English Fishbase
Darrocka Swedish Fishbase
Dourmillouse French Fishbase
Dretwa pawik Polish Fishbase
Drhtulja Serbian Fishbase
Elektrik baligi Turkish Fishbase
Elektrisk rokke Danish Fishbase
Elektriskrocka Swedish Fishbase
Eyed electric ray English Fishbase
Formigón Spanish Fishbase
Galina French Fishbase
gefleckter Zitterrochen German Fishbase
Haddiela Maltese Fishbase
Haddiela mtebba' Maltese Fishbase
Haddiela ta' l'ghajnejn Maltese Fishbase
Hrökkviskata Icelandic Fishbase
Moudiástra Greek Fishbase
Narki Greek Fishbase
Ortiga Spanish Fishbase
Peshk elektrik Albanian Fishbase
Peste electric Romanian Fishbase
Sähkörausku Finnish Fishbase
Sidderrog Dutch Fishbase
Tembla Spanish Fishbase
Temblador Spanish Fishbase
Temblera Spanish Fishbase
Temblón Spanish Fishbase
Torpedine Italian Fishbase
Torpedine ocellata Italian Fishbase
Torpila Romanian Fishbase
Torpille à taches French Fishbase
Torpille ocellée French Fishbase
Trembladora Spanish Fishbase
Tremelga Portuguese Fishbase
Tremelga de olhos Portuguese Fishbase
Tremelga-de-olhos Portuguese Fishbase
Trememão Portuguese Fishbase
Tremielga Spanish Fishbase
Tremielga de ojos Spanish Fishbase
Tremolina Spanish Fishbase
Tremolina común Spanish Fishbase
Tremoulina French Fishbase
Tremuló Spanish Fishbase
Trimielga Spanish Fishbase
Troupiale à taches ocellée French Fishbase
Uyusturan Turkish Fishbase
Vaca Spanish Fishbase
Vaca trembladora Spanish Fishbase
Zitterrochen German Fishbase
Synonym Author
Torpedo narke Risso, 1810
Torpedo ocellata Rafinesque, 1810
Torpedo narce Risso, 1810
Torpedo oculata Davy, 1834
Narcacion torpedo (Linnaeus, 1758)
Raja torpedo Linnaeus, 1758
Torpedo narke Delaroche, 1809
Torpedo unimaculata Risso, 1810

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Synonym) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100