Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Perciformes > Family: Centracanthidae > Genus: Spicara > Species: Spicara maena

Blotched picarel - Spicara maena (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Not evaluated


Least Concern


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Arznell (male) Maltese Fishbase
Arznella bastarda Maltese Fishbase
Arznella tat-tikek Maltese Fishbase
Blotched picarel English Fishbase
Cawla Maltese Fishbase
Chucla Spanish Fishbase
Maridhe Albanian Fishbase
Maridhe e zeze Albanian Fishbase
Mendole French Fishbase
Menola Russian Fishbase
Menula Maltese Fishbase
Meridhe Albanian Fishbase
Meridhe e zeze Albanian Fishbase
Minnula Maltese Fishbase
Mirli Maltese Fishbase
Modrak Slovenian Fishbase
Munqara (female) Maltese Fishbase
Pajzan Maltese Fishbase
Pizzintun Maltese Fishbase
Smarida Russian Fishbase
Smarida dribna Ukrainian Fishbase
Smarida melkaia Russian Fishbase
Trombeiro choupa Portuguese Fishbase
Xurrafa Maltese Fishbase
Synonym Author
Sparus maena Linnaeus, 1758
Sparus zebra Brünnich, 1768
Sparus osbeck Lacepède, 1802
Sparus tricuspidatus Spinola, 1807
Smaris maena (Linnaeus, 1758)
Maena jusculum Cuvier, 1829
Maena vulgaris Valenciennes, 1830
Maena osbeckii Valenciennes, 1830
Maena maena (Linnaeus, 1758)
Smaris cagarella Cuvier, 1829
Maena vomerina Valenciennes, 1830
Smaris chryselis Valenciennes, 1830
Smaris gagarella Valenciennes, 1830
Spicara flexuosa Rafinesque, 1810
Merolepis maena (Linnaeus, 1758)
Merolepis chryselis (Valenciennes, 1830)
Spicara chryselis (Valenciennes, 1830)
Spicara maena maena (Linnaeus, 1758)

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100