Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Anguilliformes > Family: Muraenidae > Genus: Gymnothorax > Species: Gymnothorax vicinus

Purplemouth moray - Gymnothorax vicinus (Castelnau, 1855)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Data Deficient (IUCN)

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Not evaluated


Data Deficient


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Moreão-amarelo Portuguese Fishbase
Morena amarilla Spanish Fishbase
Murena brunatna Polish Fishbase
Murène jaune French Fishbase
Purplemouth moray English Fishbase
Synonym Author
Lycodontis vicinus (Castelnau, 1855)
Murenophis vicina Castelnau, 1855
Thyrsoidea cancellata (non Richardson, 1848)
Thyrsoidea marginata Kaup, 1860
Thyrsoidea cormura Kaup, 1860
Thyrsoidea maculipinnis (non Kaup, 1856)
Muraena maculipinnis (non Kaup, 1856)
Gymnothorax versipunctatus Poey, 1876
Leptocephalus forstromi Strömman, 1896
Gymnothorax funebris (non Ranzani, 1840)
Lycodontis afer (non Bloch, 1795)
Lycodontis mareii (non Poll, 1953)
Gymnothorax cyanopunctatus Howell Rivero, 1932
Gymnothorax obscuratus Poey, 1870
Gymnothorax virescens Poey, 1876

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF search Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100