Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Perciformes > Family: Mullidae > Genus: Mullus > Species: Mullus surmuletus

Red mullet - Mullus surmuletus Linnaeus, 1758

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Data Deficient (IUCN)

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Not evaluated


Data Deficient


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
An milléad dearg Irish (recte Irish Gaelic) Fishbase
Barabulya Russian Fishbase
Barboúni Greek Fishbase
Barbun vargat Romanian Fishbase
Barbuni i shkembit Albanian Fishbase
Barbunya Turkish Fishbase
Barwena Polish Fishbase
Gulstrimmig mullus Swedish Fishbase
Keltajuovamullo Finnish Fishbase
Koning van de poon Dutch Fishbase
Koutsomoúra Greek Fishbase
Meerbarbe German Fishbase
Mul Dutch Fishbase
Mulle Norwegian Fishbase
Mulle Swedish Fishbase
Mullo Finnish Fishbase
Nil barbunyasi Turkish Fishbase
Ovas secas Portuguese Fishbase
Progasti bradač Slovenian Fishbase
Red mullet English Fishbase
Rouget de roche French Fishbase
Rouget-barbet French Fishbase
Rouget-barbet de roche French Fishbase
Salmonete Spanish Fishbase
Salmonete de roca Spanish Fishbase
Salmonete de roche Spanish Fishbase
Salmonete legitimo Portuguese Fishbase
Salmonete-legítimo Portuguese Fishbase
Salmonete-vermelho Portuguese Fishbase
Streifenbarbe German Fishbase
Stribet mulle Danish Fishbase
Striped red mullet English Fishbase
Suolatu kuivattu kalanmäti Finnish Fishbase
Surmullet English Fishbase
Sæskeggur Icelandic Fishbase
Tekir Turkish Fishbase
Triglia Italian Fishbase
Triglia di scoglio Italian Fishbase
Trilja Maltese Fishbase
Trilja hadra Maltese Fishbase
Trilja tal-faxxi Maltese Fishbase
Trilja tal-faxxi sofor Maltese Fishbase
Trilja tal-qawwi Maltese Fishbase
Trill Maltese Fishbase
Trlje Serbian Fishbase
Trlje odkamena Serbian Fishbase
Woodcock of the sea English Fishbase
Synonym Author
Mullus fuscatus Rafinesque, 1810
Mullus barbatus surmuletus Linnaeus, 1758

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100