Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Cyprinodontiformes > Family: Poeciliidae > Genus: Poecilia > Species: Poecilia sphenops

Black Molly - Poecilia sphenops Valenciennes, 1846

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Not evaluated (IUCN)
Reported as invasive by NOBANIS

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Data deficient


Not evaluated


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Black Molly English Fishbase
Chernaya mollineziya Russian Fishbase
Molinezja ostrousta Polish Fishbase
Molly English Fishbase
Spitzmaulkärpfling German Fishbase
Wildmolly German Fishbase
Synonym Author
Mollienisia sphenops (Valenciennes, 1846)
Poecilia thermalis Steindachner, 1863
Gambusia modesta Troschel, 1865
Gambusia plumbea Troschel, 1865
Poecilia chisoyensis Günther, 1866
Poecilia spilurus Günther, 1866
Poecilia dovii Günther, 1866
Platypoecilus mentalis Gill, 1877
Poecilia boucardii Steindachner, 1878
Poecilia vandepolli arubensis van Lidth de Jeude, 1887
Platypoecilus nelsoni Meek, 1904
Poecilia tenuis Meek, 1907
Platypoecilus tropicus Meek, 1907
Poecilia spilonota Regan, 1908
Poecilia caudata Meek, 1909
Mollienesia gracilis Regan, 1913
Mollienesia sphenops macrura Hubbs, 1935
Mollienesia macrura Hubbs, 1935
Mollienesia sphenops vantynei Hubbs, 1935
Mollienesia vantynei Hubbs, 1935
Mollienesia sphenops altissima Hubbs, 1936
Mollienesia altissima Hubbs, 1936
Mollienesia sphenops pallida de Buen, 1943
Mollienesia pallida de Buen, 1943
Lembesseia parvianalis Fowler, 1949
Poecilia vetiprovidentiae Fowler, 1950

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF search Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100