Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Elasmobranchii > Order: Torpediniformes > Family: Torpedinidae > Genus: Torpedo > Species: Torpedo marmorata

Common crampfish - Torpedo marmorata Risso, 1810

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Common crampfish English Fishbase
Dali French Fishbase
Dormihouso French Fishbase
Dourmillouse French Fishbase
Dretwa pstra Polish Fishbase
Elektrisk Rokke Danish Fishbase
Endourmidouijda French Fishbase
Flekket el-rokke Norwegian Fishbase
Galina French Fishbase
Gemarmerde sidderrog Dutch Fishbase
Haddiela Maltese Fishbase
Haddiela komuni Maltese Fishbase
Haddiela tax-xokk Maltese Fishbase
Marbled electric ray English Fishbase
Marmelzitterrochen German Fishbase
Marmorerad Swedish Fishbase
Marmorisähkörausku Finnish Fishbase
Numbfish English Fishbase
Obyknovennyi Russian Fishbase
Peshk elektrik i mermerte Albanian Fishbase
Raie électrique French Fishbase
Tembladeira Spanish Fishbase
Tembladera Spanish Fishbase
Torpedine bruna Italian Fishbase
Torpille marbrée French Fishbase
Tremblard French Fishbase
Tremble lisse French Fishbase
Trembleuse French Fishbase
Tremelga-marmoreada Portuguese Fishbase
Tremielga Spanish Fishbase
Tremolina mármol Spanish Fishbase
Tremuló Spanish Fishbase
Tremuloya Spanish Fishbase
Trimielga Spanish Fishbase
Vaca enrampadora Spanish Fishbase
Vaca tremoladora Spanish Fishbase
Zitterrochen German Fishbase
Synonym Author
Torpedo galvani Risso, 1810
Torpedo diversicolor Davy, 1834
Torpedo trepidans Valenciennes, 1843
Narcacion marmoratus (Risso, 1810)
Narcobatus marmoratus (Risso, 1810)
Torpedo punctata Rafinesque, 1810
Torpedo immaculata Rafinesque, 1810
Torpedo vulgaris Fleming, 1828
Torpedo picta Lowe, 1843

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Synonym) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100