Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Anseriformes > Family: Anatidae > Genus: Somateria > Species: Somateria mollissima

Eider - Somateria mollissima (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Vulnerable (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 4 other international agreements
Breeding habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
Wintering habitats
  • shelf
Natura 2000 species code A063

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DE1533301 Germany Staberhuk Map
DE1733301 Germany Sagas-Bank Map
DE1931301 Germany Ostseeküste am Brodtener Ufer Map
DE2210401 Germany Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer und angrenzendes Küstenmeer Map
DE2948401 Germany Schorfheide-Chorin Map
DE2951401 Germany Unteres Odertal Map
DE3513401 Germany Alfsee Map
DE5511301 Germany NSG Urmitzer Werth Map
DE5511401 Germany Engerser Feld Map
DE5818401 Germany Main bei Mühlheim und NSG 'Rumpenheimer und Bürgeler Kiesgruben' Map
DE6013401 Germany Rheinaue Bingen-Ingelheim Map
DE8423401 Germany Bayerischer Bodensee Map
DK002X110 Denmark Saltholm og omliggende hav Map
DK005X094 Denmark Sejrø Bugt og Nekselø Map
DK005X096 Denmark Farvandet mellem Skælskør Fjord og Glænø Map
DK005X098 Denmark Sprogø og Halskov Rev Map
DK005Y102 Denmark Havet mellem Korshage og Hundested Map
DK008X071 Denmark Sydfynske Øhav Map
DK008X072 Denmark Marstal Bugt og den sydlige del af Langeland Map
DK008X073 Denmark Vresen og havet mellem Fyn og Langeland Map
DK008X076 Denmark Æbelø og kysten ved Nærå Map
DK008X077 Denmark Romsø og sydkysten af Hindsholm Map
DK008Z047 Denmark Lillebælt Map
DK009X064 Denmark Flensborg Fjord og Nybøl Nor Map
DK00AY057 Denmark Vadehavet Map
DK00DX031 Denmark Stavns Fjord Map
DK00DX032 Denmark Farvandet nord for Anholt Map
DK00DY036 Denmark Horsens Fjord og Endelave Map
DK00FX002 Denmark Ålborg Bugt, nordlige del Map
DK00FX009 Denmark Nordre Rønner Map
DK00FX345 Denmark Læsø, sydlige del Map
DK00FY015 Denmark Randers og Mariager Fjorde og Ålborg Bugt, sydlige del Map
DK00VA344 Denmark Ålborg Bugt, østlige del Map
DK00VA347 Denmark Sydlige Nordsø Map
EE0010170 Estonia Paljassaare Map
EE0010171 Estonia Kolga lahe Map
EE0010173 Estonia Lahemaa Map
EE0040001 Estonia Väinamere Map
EE0040130 Estonia Kõrgessaare-Mudaste Map
EE0040201 Estonia Nõva-Osmussaare Map
EE0040346 Estonia Pärnu lahe Map
EE0040412 Estonia Kahtla-Kübassaare Map
EE0040432 Estonia Küdema lahe Map
EE0040434 Estonia Kura kurgu Map
EE0040441 Estonia Kaugatoma-Lõu Map
EE0040461 Estonia Riksu ranniku Map
EE0040469 Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare Map
EE0040476 Estonia Tagamõisa Map
EE0040496 Estonia Vilsandi Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000025 Spain Marismas del Odiel Map
ES0000143 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel y Ría de Ajo Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
ES2130005 Spain Gaztelugatxeko Doniene / San Juan de Gaztelugatx Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
FR2110001 France Lacs de la forêt d'Orient Map
FR2110002 France Lac du Der Map
FR2310044 France Estuaire et marais de la Basse Seine Map
FR2310045 France Littoral seino-marin Map
FR2510037 France Chausey Map
FR2510046 France Basses Vallées du Cotentin et Baie des Veys Map
FR2510047 France Baie de Seine occidentale Map
FR2512001 France Littoral augeron Map
FR3110085 France Cap Gris-Nez Map
FR5210008 France Lac de Grand Lieu Map
FR5310056 France Baie d'Audierne Map
FR5310074 France Baie de Vilaine Map
FR5310086 France Golfe du Morbihan Map
FR5310092 France Rivière de Pénerf Map
FR5310093 France Baie de Quiberon Map
FR5410012 France Anse du Fier d'Ars en Ré Map
FR5410100 France Marais poitevin Map
FR5412012 France Bonne Anse, marais de Bréjat et de Saint Augustin Map
FR9310019 France Camargue Map
GR1110006 Greece DELTA EVROU Map
GR1130010 Greece LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA Map
GR1150001 Greece DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA Map
GR2120005 Greece YGROTOPOS EKVOLON KALAMA KAI NISOS PRASOUDI Map
IE0000197 Ireland West of Ardara/Maas Road SAC Map
IT2040022 Italy Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna Map
IT3330005 Italy Foce dell'Isonzo - Isola della Cona Map
IT4060005 Italy Sacca di Goro, Po di Goro, Valle Dindona, Foce del Po di Volano Map
NL4000017 Netherlands Voordelta Map
NL9801001 Netherlands Waddenzee Map
NL9802001 Netherlands Noordzeekustzone Map
SE0230268 Sweden Vättern (östra) Map
SE0230328 Sweden Missjö Map
SE0340144 Sweden Hoburgs bank Map
SE0410040 Sweden Utklippan Map
SE0410041 Sweden Torhamn-Hästholmen Map
SE0410043 Sweden Tjärö-Bockön-Eriksberg Map
SE0410044 Sweden Vållholmen Map
SE0410046 Sweden Bräkne-Hoby skärgård Map
SE0410047 Sweden Björkeskärven Map
SE0410048 Sweden Ronnekläppen Map
SE0410049 Sweden Björnön-Varö Map
SE0410050 Sweden Gräsör m fl öar Map
SE0410051 Sweden Abramsäng Map
SE0410052 Sweden Majö Map
SE0410053 Sweden Kristianopels skärgård Map
SE0630139 Sweden Långvind Map
SE0820035 Sweden Rödkallen-SörÄspen Map
UK9004121 United Kingdom Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary Map
UK9004411 United Kingdom Firth of Forth Map
UK9006011 United Kingdom Lindisfarne Map
DE1633491 Germany Ostsee östlich Wagrien Map
DE1813491 Germany Seevogelschutzgebiet Helgoland Map
IT2040042 Italy Pian di Spagna e Lago di Mezzola Map
FR4112009 France Forêts et étangs d'Argonne et vallée de l'Ornain Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
DE1123491 Germany Flensburger Förde Map
BG0000241 Bulgaria Srebarna Map
BG0002046 Bulgaria Yatata Map
FR7212002 France Rochers de Biarritz : le Bouccalot et la Roche ronde Map
IT9220095 Italy Costa Ionica Foce Cavone Map
FR5312002 France Ilôts Notre-Dame et Chevret Map
DE6116450 Germany Hessisches Ried mit Kühkopf-Knoblochsaue Map
NL3009008 Netherlands Duinen en Lage Land Texel Map
EE0010129 Estonia Pakri Map
BG0002030 Bulgaria Kompleks Kalimok Map
DE0916491 Germany Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete Map
DE5914450 Germany Inselrhein Map
DE5916402 Germany Untermainschleusen Map
FR2112013 France Plateau ardennais Map
PLH320019 Poland Wolin i Uznam Map
DE1339301 Germany Kadetrinne Map
DE1525491 Germany Eckernförder Bucht mit Flachgründen Map
FR5212007 France Marais du Mès, baie et dunes de Pont-Mahé, étang du Pont de Fer, île Dumet Map
NL3009009 Netherlands Duinen Vlieland Map
BG0002040 Bulgaria Strandzha Map
PLH320017 Poland Trzebiatowsko-Kołobrzeski Pas Nadmorski Map
SKUEV0314 Slovakia Morava Map
DE2751421 Germany Randow-Welse-Bruch Map
IT3340006 Italy Carso Triestino e Goriziano Map
PLH280006 Poland Rzeka Pasłęka Map
DE1530491 Germany Östliche Kieler Bucht Map
DE1552401 Germany SPA Pommersche Bucht Map
FR5212009 France Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts Map
NL3009005 Netherlands Duinen Ameland Map
NL3009006 Netherlands Duinen Schiermonnikoog Map
DE1332301 Germany Fehmarnbelt Map
PLH320018 Poland Ujście Odry i Zalew Szczeciński Map
DE4722401 Germany Fuldaaue um Kassel Map
FR2512003 France Havre de la Sienne Map
IT1343502 Italy Parco della Magra - Vara Map
BG0000152 Bulgaria Pomoriysko ezero Map
DE4639451 Germany Leipziger Auwald Map
DE4342452 Germany Elbaue und Teichgebiete bei Torgau Map
DE4754451 Germany Talsperre Quitzdorf Map
DE4545452 Germany Elbtal zwischen Schöna und Mühlberg Map
DE1343401 Germany Plantagenetgrund Map
DE4747451 Germany Moritzburger Kleinkuppenlandschaft Map
DE1446401 Germany Binnenbodden von Rügen Map
DE4642451 Germany Wermsdorfer Teich- und Waldgebiet Map
DE4740451 Germany Rückhaltebecken Stöhna Map
DE1934401 Germany Wismarbucht und Salzhaff Map
DE4941451 Germany Eschefelder Teiche Map
DE2507301 Germany Hund und Paapsand Map
DE4840452 Germany Speicherbecken Borna und Teichgebiet Haselbach Map
DE1542401 Germany Vorpommersche Boddenlandschaft und nördlicher Strelasund Map
DE4648452 Germany Teiche bei Zschorna Map
DE1747402 Germany Greifswalder Bodden und südlicher Strelasund Map
DE5145451 Germany Großhartmannsdorfer Großteich Map
BG0000154 Bulgaria Ezero Durankulak Map
BG0002051 Bulgaria Kaliakra Map
BG0002050 Bulgaria Durankulashko ezero Map
BG0002043 Bulgaria Emine Map
BG0000156 Bulgaria Shablenski ezeren kompleks Map
BG0002077 Bulgaria Bakarlaka Map
BG0000271 Bulgaria Mandra - Poda Map
FR5312010 France Dunes et côtes de Trévignon Map
FR5212014 France Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf Map
FR7212018 France Bassin d'Arcachon et banc d'Arguin Map
FR3112006 France Bancs des Flandres Map
AT3402000 Austria Rheindelta Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Birds not included in Appendix II) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) (Migratory species of Anatidae) http://www.cms.int/
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (AEWA) http://www.migratoryspecies....ent/about-cms-family

http://www.unep-aewa.org/en/legalinstrument/aewa
Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area (Helsinki Convention) http://www.helcom.fi/action-areas/species-and-habitats

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Edredon Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Edredone Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Eider English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Eider à duvet French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Eider Común Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Eider-edredão Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Eidereend Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Eiderente German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Ejder Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Haahka Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pehelyréce Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:02060 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

49 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 0/15 (individuals) 1995-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Austria 6/67 (individuals) 1997-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belarus 0/49 (individuals) 1991-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belgium 25/156 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 0/3 (individuals) 1997-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Czech Republic 0/49 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 320000/370000 (individuals) 1999-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 25000/25000 (pairs) 2000-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 15000/25000 (pairs) 1995-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 350000/630000 (individuals) 1999-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 15000/20000 (pairs) 1998 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 50/200 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 140000/160000 (pairs) 2001-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 500/1000 (individuals) 2001-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 0/20 (pairs) 1997-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 2000/4202 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 350000/350000 (individuals) 1987-2003 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 1370/1520 (pairs) 1995-1999 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 0/3 (individuals) 1996-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Hungary 0/1 (individuals) 1997-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 100000/1000 (individuals) 1978-1994 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 200000/350000 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ireland 250/999 (pairs) 1988-1991 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ireland 608/900 (individuals) 1994-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 1/1 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 100/200 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Latvia 0/200 (individuals) 1990-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Lithuania 0/49 (individuals) 1992-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands 8000/10000 (pairs) 1998-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands 120000/120000 (individuals) 1999-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 100000/150000 (pairs) 1990-2001 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 400000/500000 (individuals) 1993-1996 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Poland 1000/2000 (individuals) 1992-1997 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Poland 0/1 (pairs) 1997-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 0/5 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 15000/25000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 1461/1461 (individuals) 1997 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Serbia and Montenegro 5/10 (individuals) 1990-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 0/5 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovenia 0/5 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 7000/30000 (individuals) 1998-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 270000/360000 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Switzerland 1/3 (pairs) 1993-1996 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Switzerland 76/108 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 5/25 (individuals) 1991-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 678/1103 (pairs) 1990-1998 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 50/249 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 31600/31600 (pairs) 1988-1991 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 80000/80000 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

49 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belgium 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Czech Republic 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 30% to 49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 50% to 79% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Hungary 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Breeding Stable : 10 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Poland 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Poland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Serbia and Montenegro 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 10% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovenia 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 0% to 100% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 10% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1990-2000 Wintering decreasing between 81% to 145% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 50% to 79% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing : 6 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

27 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2016-02-24 Germany Birds Derogation 2014 Birds_2014_GER.xml
2015-11-17 Netherlands Birds Directive Derogations 2014 part 1 BD_derogations2014_RVO_NL_part1.xml
2015-10-02 Finland Bird 2014 FI_Bird_Report_2014.xml
2015-09-30 Poland National Report on Derogation under the Birds Directive 2014 birds_directive_2014
2015-02-23 Germany Birds Derogation 2013 Germany Birds_2013_GER.xml
2015-01-14 Germany Birds Derogation 2012 Germany Birds Derogation 2012 Germany
2014-10-29 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives Habitats and Birds Derogations Report
2014-09-30 Denmark 2013 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive National_Report_on_Derogations_under_the_Birds_Directive__1.xml
2014-09-30 Finland Bird 2013 FI_bird_report_2013
2014-09-26 Sweden National reports on derogations under the Birds Directive 2013 Art 9 Birds Directive Sweden 2013
2013-12-19 Sweden National reports on derogations under the Birds directive (Art 9) 2012 - Sweden Art 9 Birds Directive 2012_SE
2013-10-11 Finland Bird2012 FI_bird_report_2012.xml
2013-10-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2012 Derogations report BD BE2012
2013-09-13 Netherlands BD Derogations 2011 OLD Bird Directive Derogations 2011
2013-01-14 Sweden National Report on Derogations under the Birds Directive_2011 Habides_Birds_SE_2011
2013-01-03 Finland Bird2011 FI_bird_report_2011.xml
2012-10-29 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2011 Scottish Natural Heritage
2012-10-11 Sweden National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives-2009_2010/xml format Derogations Birds/habitats 2009-2010
2012-05-29 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2009 Derogations Belgium BD 2009
2012-05-03 Denmark 2010 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2012-01-03 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2009 error Derogations Flanders BD & HD 2009
2011-11-10 United Kingdom Directive 92/43/EEC: Derogation under Article 16: Report by the UK for 2009-2010 Scottish Government contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 and 92/43/EEC Article 16 UK Report
2011-11-10 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2010 DOENI contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2011-07-01 Denmark Denmarks Report on Derogations under the Birds Directive for 2010 questionnaire_habides.xml
2010-12-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2007-2008 derogations2007_VL.xml
2010-11-23 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogations under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2009 NE contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2010-09-30 Sweden National Report on Derogations under the Birds Directive_2009 habides_export_Sweden_20100930.xml

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

28 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Poland 2014-06-01 2015-05-31 It is not possible to determine the number of individuals Capture (ringing) None
Poland 2014-02-15 2015-12-31 Too many spices to give a proper number Capture Small impact on all populations
Poland 2014-02-15 2015-12-31 Too many spices to give a proper number Stuffing Small impact on all populations
Poland 2014-02-15 2015-12-31 Too many spices to give a proper number Keeping in captivity Small impact on all populations
Zachodniopomorskie 2014-02-15 2015-12-31 Too many spices to give a proper number Capture Small impact on all populations
Zachodniopomorskie 2014-02-15 2015-12-31 Too many spices to give a proper number Stuffing Small impact on all populations
Zachodniopomorskie 2014-02-15 2015-12-31 Too many spices to give a proper number Keeping in captivity Small impact on all populations
Groningen 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Capture The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Groningen 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Friesland (NL) 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Capture The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Friesland (NL) 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Capture The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Denmark 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences Killing There is no impact on the population
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2013-01-01 2013-31-12 keine Vogaben Fang zur Beringung keine
Poland 2012-11-19 2013-01-31 60 individuals- Aythya marila, 10 individuals- Somateria mollissima , 30 individuals- Clangula hyemalis, 50 individuals - Melanitta fusca, 20 individuals - Bucephala clangula, 5 individuals - Mergellus albellus, 10 individuals - Mergus serrator, 80 individuals - Mergus merganser, 5 individuals -Gacia stellata, 5 individuals- Gavia arctic, 10 individuals - Podiceps cristatus, 10 Podiceps grisegena, 10 individuals - Larus ridibundus, 10 individuals- Alca torda, 10 individuals - Uria aalge, 10 individuals- Cepphus grylle, 5 individuals- Ciconia ciconia, 3 individuals -Haliaeetus albicilla, 3 individuals - Buteo buteo, 3 individuals -Accipter gentilis, 3 individuals -Accipter nisus, 1 individual - Falco peregrinus, 1 individual - Falco subbuteo , 3 individuals Falco tinnunculus, 3 individuals - Bubo bubo, 3 individuals Strix aluco, 3 individuals Asio otus Stuffing Lack of negative impact on population
Zachodniopomorskie 2012-11-19 2013-01-31 60 individuals- Aythya marila, 10 individuals- Somateria mollissima , 30 individuals- Clangula hyemalis, 50 individuals - Melanitta fusca, 20 individuals - Bucephala clangula, 5 individuals - Mergellus albellus, 10 individuals - Mergus serrator, 80 individuals - Mergus merganser, 5 individuals -Gacia stellata, 5 individuals- Gavia arctic, 10 individuals - Podiceps cristatus, 10 Podiceps grisegena, 10 individuals - Larus ridibundus, 10 individuals- Alca torda, 10 individuals - Uria aalge, 10 individuals- Cepphus grylle, 5 individuals- Ciconia ciconia, 3 individuals -Haliaeetus albicilla, 3 individuals - Buteo buteo, 3 individuals -Accipter gentilis, 3 individuals -Accipter nisus, 1 individual - Falco peregrinus, 1 individual - Falco subbuteo , 3 individuals Falco tinnunculus, 3 individuals - Bubo bubo, 3 individuals Strix aluco, 3 individuals Asio otus Stuffing Lack of negative impact on population
Poland 2012-11-19 2013-01-31 60 individuals- Aythya marila, 10 individuals- Somateria mollissima , 30 individuals- Clangula hyemalis, 50 individuals - Melanitta fusca, 20 individuals - Bucephala clangula, 5 individuals - Mergellus albellus, 10 individuals - Mergus serrator, 80 individuals - Mergus merganser, 5 individuals -Gacia stellata, 5 individuals- Gavia arctic, 10 individuals - Podiceps cristatus, 10 Podiceps grisegena, 10 individuals - Larus ridibundus, 10 individuals- Alca torda, 10 individuals - Uria aalge, 10 individuals- Cepphus grylle, 5 individuals- Ciconia ciconia, 3 individuals -Haliaeetus albicilla, 3 individuals - Buteo buteo, 3 individuals -Accipter gentilis, 3 individuals -Accipter nisus, 1 individual - Falco peregrinus, 1 individual - Falco subbuteo , 3 individuals Falco tinnunculus, 3 individuals - Bubo bubo, 3 individuals Strix aluco, 3 individuals Asio otus Stuffing Lack of negative impact on population
Zachodniopomorskie 2012-11-19 2013-01-31 60 individuals- Aythya marila, 10 individuals- Somateria mollissima , 30 individuals- Clangula hyemalis, 50 individuals - Melanitta fusca, 20 individuals - Bucephala clangula, 5 individuals - Mergellus albellus, 10 individuals - Mergus serrator, 80 individuals - Mergus merganser, 5 individuals -Gacia stellata, 5 individuals- Gavia arctic, 10 individuals - Podiceps cristatus, 10 Podiceps grisegena, 10 individuals - Larus ridibundus, 10 individuals- Alca torda, 10 individuals - Uria aalge, 10 individuals- Cepphus grylle, 5 individuals- Ciconia ciconia, 3 individuals -Haliaeetus albicilla, 3 individuals - Buteo buteo, 3 individuals -Accipter gentilis, 3 individuals -Accipter nisus, 1 individual - Falco peregrinus, 1 individual - Falco subbuteo , 3 individuals Falco tinnunculus, 3 individuals - Bubo bubo, 3 individuals Strix aluco, 3 individuals Asio otus Stuffing Lack of negative impact on population
Mazowieckie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Slaskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Lubelskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Zachodniopomorskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Lubuskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Pomorskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 Es werden nur in Ausnahmefällen Genhmigungen zur Vogelberingung ausgegeben, in denen die zu beringenden Arten und Zahlen explizit aufgelistet sind. Die zu beringenden Arten werden in Projekten der Behörden für die Umweltbeobachtung und der Verbände festgelegt. Fang zur Beringung keine
Northern Ireland (UK) 2010-05-06 2010-08-31 unrestricted Capture (ringing) nil
Northern Ireland (UK) 2010-05-06 2010-08-31 unrestricted Marketing nil
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100