Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Charadriiformes > Family: Stercorariidae > Genus: Stercorarius > Species: Stercorarius parasiticus

Artic Skua - Stercorarius parasiticus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 1 other international agreement
Breeding habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
Wintering habitats
  • open ocean
  • shelf
Natura 2000 species code A173

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000084 Spain Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES2130005 Spain Gaztelugatxeko Doniene / San Juan de Gaztelugatx Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
ES7010042 Spain La Playa del Matorral Map
FR2310044 France Estuaire et marais de la Basse Seine Map
FR2310045 France Littoral seino-marin Map
FR2512001 France Littoral augeron Map
FR3110085 France Cap Gris-Nez Map
FR5310072 France Ouessant-Molène Map
FR5310074 France Baie de Vilaine Map
FR8310066 France Monts et Plomb du Cantal Map
GR1110006 Greece DELTA EVROU Map
GR1130010 Greece LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA Map
GR1150001 Greece DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA Map
GR1220010 Greece DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS Map
GR1220011 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA EPANOMIS Map
GR2110004 Greece AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA Map
GR2120005 Greece YGROTOPOS EKVOLON KALAMA KAI NISOS PRASOUDI Map
GR2540006 Greece YGROTOPOI EKVOLON EVROTA Map
IT20B0009 Italy Valli del Mincio Map
IT3210018 Italy Basso Garda Map
ITA040002 Italy Isola di Lampedusa e Lampione Map
PTZPE0009 Portugal Ilhas Berlengas Map
SE0230055 Sweden Sankt Anna och Gryts skärgårdar Map
SE0230090 Sweden Bråviken yttre Map
SE0230138 Sweden Åsvikelandet-Kvädö Map
SE0230139 Sweden Dannskären Map
SE0230328 Sweden Missjö Map
SE0520001 Sweden Vrångöskärgården Map
SE0520036 Sweden Sälöfjorden Map
SE0520043 Sweden Nordre älvs estuarium Map
SE0630139 Sweden Långvind Map
SE0820035 Sweden Rödkallen-SörÄspen Map
UK9001241 United Kingdom Handa Map
UK9002031 United Kingdom Fetlar Map
UK9002091 United Kingdom Fair Isle Map
UK9002101 United Kingdom West Westray Map
BG0000270 Bulgaria Atanasovsko ezero Map
ITA040013 Italy Arcipelago delle Pelagie - area marina e terrestre Map
GR1220002 Greece DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI - AXIOUPOLI Map
IT9320302 Italy Marchesato e Fiume Neto Map
PTCON0008 Portugal Sintra/Cascais Map
IT20B0017 Italy Ansa e Valli del Mincio Map
GR1110007 Greece DELTA EVROU KAI DYTIKOS VRACHIONAS Map
ROSPA0031 Romania Delta Dunării şi Complexul Razim - Sinoie Map
BG0002043 Bulgaria Emine Map
BG0002045 Bulgaria Kompleks Kamchia Map
FR5212014 France Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf Map
FR9112034 France Cap Bear- cap Cerbère Map
FR5212015 France Secteur marin de l'île d'Yeu jusqu'au continent Map
FR5212013 France Mor Braz Map
ES90ATL01 Spain El Cachucho Map
UKGIB0002 United Kingdom Southern Waters of Gibraltar Map
FR3112006 France Bancs des Flandres Map
AT2209000 Austria Niedere Tauern Map
ES0000497 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa da Morte Map
ES0000531 Spain Espacio marino de La Bocayna Map
ES0000530 Spain Espacio marino de Mogán-La Aldea Map
ES0000513 Spain Espacio marino del Baix Llobregat-Garraf Map
ES0000504 Spain Bahía de Málaga-Cerro Gordo Map
ES0000512 Spain Espacio marino del Delta de l'Ebre-Illes Columbretes Map
ES0000495 Spain Espacio marino de Punta de Candelaria-Ría de Ortigueira-Estaca de Bares Map
ES0000494 Spain Espacio marino de Cabo Peñas Map
ES0000498 Spain ZEPA Banco de Galicia Map
ES0000532 Spain Espacio marino de los Islotes de Lanzarote Map
ES0000507 Spain Espacio marino de los Islotes Litorales de Murcia y Almería Map
ES0000490 Spain Espacio marino de la Ría de Mundaka-Cabo de Ogoño Map
ES0000499 Spain Espacio marino de las Rías Baixas de Galicia Map
ES0000523 Spain Espacio marino de la zona occidental de El Hierro Map
ES0000508 Spain Espacio marino de Tabarca-Cabo de Palos Map
ES0000506 Spain Bahía de Almería Map
ES0000535 Spain ZEPA Banco de la Concepción Map
ES0000525 Spain Espacio marino del norte de La Palma Map
ES0000510 Spain Plataforma-talud marinos del Cabo de la Nao Map
ES0000496 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa de Ferrolterra-Valdoviño Map
ES0000500 Spain Golfo de Cádiz Map
ES0000514 Spain Espacio marino de l'Empordà Map
ES0000526 Spain Espacio marino de La Gomera-Teno Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Artic Skua English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Ékfarkú halfarkas Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kleine Jager Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Labb Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Labbe parasite French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Labbo Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Merikihu Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Moleiro-parasítico Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Págalo Parásito Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Schmarotzerraubmöwe German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Wydrzyk ostrosterny Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:05670 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

12 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Denmark - Greenland 1000/10000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 500/550 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 5000/10000 (pairs) 1987-1994 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 9000/14000 (pairs) 1995 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal Present/Present (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 20000/100000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Serbia and Montenegro 0/1 (individuals) 1990-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 450/600 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 15/30 (individuals) 1991-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 50/249 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 2100/2100 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom - Gibraltar 0/2 (individuals) 2000-2003 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

12 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Serbia and Montenegro 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 50% to 100% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 37 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom - Gibraltar 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International

Reportnet deliveries

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

2 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 10 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 10 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100