Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Strigiformes > Family: Strigidae > Genus: Strix > Species: Strix nebulosa

Great Grey Owl - Strix nebulosa Forster, 1772

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU Population status
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 5 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 32 are designated for this species
Breeding habitats
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code A457


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Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
FI0200096 Finland Nukinrahka - Hirvilamminsuo Map
FI0500025 Finland Puulavesi Map
FI0600015 Finland Keurunmäki-Haavikkolehto Map
FI0700043 Finland Koitajoen alue Map
FI0900046 Finland Heinä-Suvanto - Hetejärvi Map
FI0900074 Finland Haapasuo-Syysniemi-Rutajärvi-Kivijärvi Map
FI0900103 Finland Lapinjärvi-Teerikangas Map
FI1002002 Finland Kärsämäenjärvet Map
FI1100001 Finland Haapaveden lintuvedet ja suot Map
FI1100203 Finland Isomatala-Maasyvänlahti Map
FI1100204 Finland Ojakylänlahti ja Kengänkari Map
FI1101617 Finland Isosuo - Kivisuo Map
FI1101645 Finland Oulanka Map
FI1106602 Finland Räkäsuo Map
FI1200208 Finland Juortanansalon alue Map
FI1200220 Finland Elimyssalon alue Map
FI1200712 Finland Säynäjäsuon - Matalasuon alue Map
FI1200800 Finland Rumala - Kuvaja - Oudonrimmet Map
FI1200901 Finland Talaskankaan alue Map
FI1300505 Finland KIRVESAAPA Map
FI1300701 Finland Teuravuoma-Kivijärvenvuoma Map
FI1301401 Finland Värriö Map
FI1301403 Finland Suksenpaistama-Miehinkävaara Map
FI1301404 Finland Joutsenaapa - Kaita-aapa Map
FI1301712 Finland POMOKAIRA Map
FI1301716 Finland KOITELAINEN Map
FI1302001 Finland Kevo Map
FI1300908 Finland Pyhä-Luosto Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Strigiformes)

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Memorandum of understanding on the conservation of migratory birds of prey in Africa and Eurasia - under Bonn Convention (MoU Raptors)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Allocco di Lapponia Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Bartkauz German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Cárabo Lapón Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Chouette lapone French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Coruja-lapónica Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Great Grey Owl English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lapinpöllö Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Laplandsugle Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Laplanduil Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lappuggla Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lappugla Swedish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Lappugle Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Puštík vousatý Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Puszczyk mszarny Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Szakállas bagoly Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:07660 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF search Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100