Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Passeriformes > Family: Sturnidae > Genus: Sturnus > Species: Sturnus unicolor

Spotless Starling - Sturnus unicolor Temminck, 1820

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 1 other international agreement
Breeding habitats
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • urban
Natura 2000 species code A352

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000032 Spain Torcal de Antequera Map
ES0000033 Spain Laguna de Fuente de Piedra Map
ES0000045 Spain Sierra Alhamilla Map
ES0000046 Spain Cabo de Gata-Nijar Map
ES0000048 Spain Punta Entinas-Sabinar Map
ES0000049 Spain Los Alcornocales Map
ES0000051 Spain Sierra de Aracena y Picos de Aroche Map
ES0000052 Spain Sierra Pelada y Rivera del Aserrador Map
ES0000140 Spain Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000143 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel y Ría de Ajo Map
ES0000175 Spain Salinas y Arenales de San Pedro del Pinatar Map
ES0000195 Spain Humedal del Ajauque y Rambla Salada Map
ES0000199 Spain Sierra de la Fausilla Map
ES0000261 Spain Almenara-Moreras-Cabo Cope Map
ES0000264 Spain La Muela-Cabo Tiñoso Map
ES0000268 Spain Saladares del Guadalentín Map
ES0000324 Spain Embalse de Arrocampo Map
ES0000329 Spain Embalse de Valdecañas Map
ES0000331 Spain Colonias de Cernícalo Primilla de Almendralejo Map
ES0000332 Spain Llanos de Trujillo Map
ES0000333 Spain Llanos de Zorita y Embalse de Sierra Brava Map
ES0000334 Spain Sierras Centrales y Embalse de Alange Map
ES0000335 Spain Sierras de Peñalsordo y Capilla Map
ES0000355 Spain Hurdes Map
ES0000356 Spain Riberos del Almonte Map
ES0000367 Spain La Serena y Sierras Periféricas Map
ES0000394 Spain Colonias de Cernícalo Primilla de Saucedilla Map
ES0000418 Spain Embalse de Talaván Map
ES0000422 Spain Colonias de Cernícalo Primilla de la Ciudad Monumental de Cáceres Map
ES0000431 Spain Colonias de Cernícalo Primilla de Jaraiz de la Vera Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
ES4180017 Spain RIBERAS DE CASTRONUÑO Map
ES6110003 Spain Sierra Maria - Los Vélez Map
ES6130002 Spain Sierra Subbética Map
ES6140004 Spain Sierra Nevada Map
ES6150003 Spain Estero de Domingo Rubio Map
ES6150005 Spain Marismas de Isla Cristina Map
ES6150006 Spain Marismas del Río Piedras y Flecha del Rompido Map
ES6170003 Spain Desfiladero de Los Gaitanes Map
ITA060002 Italy Lago di Pergusa Map
ITA020038 Italy Sugherete di Contrada Serradaino Map
ES6110004 Spain Sierra del Oso Map
ES4310010 Spain La Serena Map
ES6200014 Spain Saladares del Guadalentín Map
ES6150010 Spain Andévalo Occidental Map
ES6150012 Spain Dehesa del Estero y Montes de Moguer Map
ES6200025 Spain Sierra de la Fausilla Map
ES6110007 Spain La Serreta de Cabo de Gata Map
ES6150014 Spain Marismas y Riberas del Tinto Map
ITA020002 Italy Boschi di Gibilmanna e Cefalù Map
ES6200005 Spain Humedal del Ajauque y Rambla Salada Map
ES6150019 Spain Bajo Guadalquivir Map
ES6140001 Spain Sierra de Baza Map
ES0000537 Spain Lagunas de Campotejar Map
ES0000536 Spain Lagunas de las Moreras Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Einfarbstar German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Estorninho-preto Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Estornino Negro Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Étourneau unicolore French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mustakottarainen Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Spotless Starling English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Storno nero Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Svartstare Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Szpak jednobarwny Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Zwarte Spreeuw Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:15830 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

8 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Andorra 0/5 (pairs) 1999-2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 2500/12500 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 50000/100000 (pairs) 2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal 50000/500000 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal 100000/1000000 (pairs) 1989 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Spain 2000000/2500000 (pairs) 1992 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Spain 2000000/2250000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
United Kingdom - Gibraltar 50/80 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

8 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Andorra 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing but of unknown magnitude Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Spain 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
United Kingdom - Gibraltar 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100