Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Passeriformes > Family: Sturnidae > Genus: Sturnus > Species: Sturnus vulgaris

Starling - Sturnus vulgaris Linnaeus, 1758

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU Population status
Secure
Protected by EU Birds Directive
Natura 2000 sites 602 are designated for this species
Breeding habitats
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • grassland
  • urban
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code A351

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Secure
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DE3532401 Germany Vogelschutzgebiet Drömling Map
DE3540301 Germany Große Freiheit bei Plaue Map
DE3639401 Germany Vogelschutzgebiet Fiener Bruch Map
DE5224302 Germany Moor bei Wehrda Map
DE5819308 Germany Erlensee bei Erlensee und Bulau bei Hanau Map
DE6019303 Germany Untere Gersprenz Map
ES0000004 Spain Lagunas de Villafáfila Map
ES0000007 Spain Cañón del Río Lobos - ZEPA Map
ES0000014 Spain Monfragüe y las Dehesas del Entorno Map
ES0000037 Spain Es Trenc - Salobrar de Campos Map
ES0000038 Spain S'Albufera de Mallorca Map
ES0000069 Spain Embalse de Cornalvo y Sierra Bermeja Map
ES0000070 Spain Sierra de San Pedro Map
ES0000073 Spain Costa Brava de Mallorca Map
ES0000074 Spain Cap de cala Figuera Map
ES0000081 Spain Cap Enderrocat - Cap Blanc Map
ES0000084 Spain Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera Map
ES0000115 Spain Hoces del Río Duratón Map
ES0000118 Spain Arribes del Duero - ZEPA Map
ES0000138 Spain Galachos de La Alfranca de Pastriz, La Cartuja y El Burgo de Ebro Map
ES0000143 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel y Ría de Ajo Map
ES0000145 Spain Mondragó Map
ES0000173 Spain Sierra Espuña Map
ES0000175 Spain Salinas y Arenales de San Pedro del Pinatar Map
ES0000187 Spain Montes de Miranda de Ebro y Ameyugo - ZEPA Map
ES0000188 Spain Valles del Voltoya y el Zorita - ZEPA Map
ES0000189 Spain Campo Azálvaro - Pinares de Peguerinos - ZEPA Map
ES0000190 Spain Encinares de los ríos Adaja y Voltoya - ZEPA Map
ES0000191 Spain Embalse del Ebro Map
ES0000192 Spain Humada - Peña Amaya - ZEPA Map
ES0000193 Spain Sierra de la Tesla-Valdivielso - ZEPA Map
ES0000194 Spain Oteros-Campos Map
ES0000195 Spain Humedal del Ajauque y Rambla Salada Map
ES0000199 Spain Sierra de la Fausilla Map
ES0000201 Spain Camino de Santiago Map
ES0000202 Spain Campo de Azaba - ZEPA Map
ES0000203 Spain Altos de Barahona - ZEPA Map
ES0000204 Spain Tierra de Campiñas Map
ES0000206 Spain Cañones del Duero - ZEPA Map
ES0000207 Spain Penillanuras-Campos Sur Map
ES0000208 Spain Llanuras del Guareña Map
ES0000209 Spain Tierra del Pan Map
ES0000215 Spain Oteros-Cea Map
ES0000216 Spain La Nava-Campos Sur Map
ES0000217 Spain Penillanuras-Campos Norte Map
ES0000218 Spain Campo de Argañán - ZEPA Map
ES0000221 Spain Sa Dragonera Map
ES0000222 Spain La Trapa Map
ES0000229 Spain Costa Nord de Ciutadella Map
ES0000230 Spain La Vall Map
ES0000231 Spain Dels Alocs a Fornells Map
ES0000232 Spain La Mola i s'Albufera de Fornells Map
ES0000234 Spain S'Albufera des Grau Map
ES0000255 Spain Páramo de Layna - ZEPA Map
ES0000259 Spain Sierra de Mojantes Map
ES0000260 Spain Mar Menor Map
ES0000261 Spain Almenara-Moreras-Cabo Cope Map
ES0000264 Spain La Muela-Cabo Tiñoso Map
ES0000265 Spain Sierra del Molino, Embalse del Quipar y Llanos del Cagitán Map
ES0000266 Spain Sierra de Moratalla Map
ES0000267 Spain Sierras de Burete, Lavia y Cambrón Map
ES0000268 Spain Saladares del Guadalentín Map
ES0000269 Spain Monte El Valle y Sierras de Altaona y Escalona Map
ES0000281 Spain El Turbón y Sierra de Sís Map
ES0000289 Spain Lagunas y Carrizales de Cinco Villas Map
ES0000294 Spain Laguna de Sariñena y Balsa de La Estación Map
ES0000319 Spain Ría de Ribadesella-Ría de Tinamayor Map
ES0000320 Spain Embalses del centro (San Andrés, la Granda, Trasona y la Furta) Map
ES0000332 Spain Llanos de Trujillo Map
ES0000333 Spain Llanos de Zorita y Embalse de Sierra Brava Map
ES0000335 Spain Sierras de Peñalsordo y Capilla Map
ES0000357 Spain Altos Campos de Gómara Map
ES0000358 Spain Campo de Aliste Map
ES0000359 Spain Campos de Alba Map
ES0000360 Spain Cihuela-Deza Map
ES0000362 Spain La Nava-Rueda Map
ES0000363 Spain Monteagudo de las Vicarías Map
ES0000365 Spain Páramo Leonés Map
ES0000366 Spain Valdería-Jamuz Map
ES0000369 Spain Llanos de Alcantara y Brozas Map
ES0000371 Spain Sierra de Moraleja y Piedra Santa Map
ES0000425 Spain Magasca Map
ES1200001 Spain Picos de Europa (Asturias) Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
ES2110014 Spain Salburua Map
ES2110015 Spain Gasteizko mendi garaiak / Montes altos de Vitoria Map
ES2110018 Spain Arabako hegoaldeko mendilerroak / Sierras meridionales de Álava Map
ES2110019 Spain Izki Map
ES2410009 Spain Congosto de Ventamillo Map
ES2410046 Spain Río Ésera Map
ES2410049 Spain Río Isábena Map
ES2410056 Spain Sierra de Chía - Congosto de Seira Map
ES2410059 Spain El Turbón Map
ES4120028 Spain Monte Santiago Map
ES4120030 Spain Montes Obarenes Map
ES4120036 Spain Hoces del Alto Ebro y Rudrón - ZEPA Map
ES4130035 Spain Valle de San Emiliano Map
ES4140036 Spain La Nava-Campos Norte Map
ES4150005 Spain Las Batuecas-Sierra de Francia -ZEPA Map
ES4150006 Spain Candelario - ZEPA Map
ES4150039 Spain Quilamas - ZEPA Map
ES4160008 Spain Hoces del Río Riaza - ZEPA Map
ES4160048 Spain Lagunas de Cantalejo - ZEPA Map
ES4180017 Spain Riberas de Castronuño Map
ES4310042 Spain Sierra de Siruela Map
ES5310023 Spain Illots de Ponent d'Eivissa Map
ES6310001 Spain Calamocarro-Benzú Map
GR1130010 Greece LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA Map
GR1150001 Greece DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA Map
GR1220009 Greece LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
GR1260008 Greece TECHNITI LIMNI KERKINIS - OROS KROUSIA Map
GR1340001 Greece ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON Map
GR1430005 Greece NISIA KYRA PANAGIA, PIPERI, PSATHOURA KAI GYRO NISIDES AGIOS GEORGIOS, NISOI ADELFOI, LECHOUSA, GAIDOURONISIA Map
GR2110004 Greece AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA Map
GR2130002 Greece KORYFES OROUS SMOLIKAS Map
GR2130009 Greece OROS TYMFI (GKAMILA) Map
GR2210004 Greece NISIDES STAMFANI KAI ARPYIA (STROFADES) KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR2310014 Greece LIMNI VOULKARIA Map
GR2310015 Greece DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU KAI EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALAS, DYTIKOS ARAKYNTHOS KAI STENA KLEISOURAS Map
GR2410002 Greece OROS PARNASSOS Map
GR2440007 Greece ETHNIKOS DRYMOS OITIS - KOILADA ASOPOU Map
GR4210016 Greece NISOS LEIPSOI (DYTIKO TMIMA) KAI NISIDES: FRAGKOS, MAKRONISI, PILAFI, KAPARI, KALAPODIA, MEGALO ASPRONISI, MAKRY ASPRONISI, KOULOURA, NOTIA ASPRA, SARAKINA, PIATO, PSOMOS, STAVRI, LIRA, ARETHOUSA, MANOLI Map
IT1110070 Italy Meisino (confluenza Po - Stura) Map
IT1160021 Italy Gruppo del Tenibres Map
IT1160036 Italy Stura di Demonte Map
IT1160057 Italy Alte Valli Pesio e Tanaro Map
IT1180004 Italy Greto dello Scrivia Map
IT1320425 Italy Piana Crixia Map
IT1321205 Italy Rocchetta Cairo Map
IT1323115 Italy Lago di Osiglia Map
IT1323920 Italy Monte Galero Map
IT1330213 Italy Conglomerato di Vobbia Map
IT1330620 Italy Pian della Badia (Tiglieto) Map
IT1331104 Italy Parco dell'Aveto Map
IT1331578 Italy Beigua - Turchino Map
IT2010012 Italy Brughiera del Dosso Map
IT2020003 Italy Palude di Albate Map
IT2020005 Italy Lago di Alserio Map
IT2020006 Italy Lago di Pusiano Map
IT2040022 Italy Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna Map
IT2040034 Italy Valle d'Arigna e Ghiacciaio di Pizzo di Coca Map
IT2050003 Italy Valle del Rio Pegorino Map
IT2050004 Italy Valle del Rio Cantalupo Map
IT2050006 Italy Bosco di Vanzago Map
IT2050007 Italy Fontanile Nuovo Map
IT2060015 Italy Bosco de l'Isola Map
IT2070018 Italy Altopiano di Cariadeghe Map
IT2070019 Italy Sorgente Funtanì Map
IT2070020 Italy Torbiere d'Iseo Map
IT2070021 Italy Valvestino Map
IT2070302 Italy Val Caffaro Map
IT2080001 Italy Garzaia di Celpenchio Map
IT2080004 Italy Palude Loja Map
IT2080005 Italy Garzaia della Rinalda Map
IT2080006 Italy Garzaia di S. Alessandro Map
IT2080007 Italy Garzaia del Bosco Basso Map
IT2080008 Italy Boschetto di Scaldasole Map
IT2080009 Italy Garzaia della Cascina Notizia Map
IT2080011 Italy Abbazia Acqualunga Map
IT2080013 Italy Garzaia della Cascina Portalupa Map
IT2080015 Italy San Massimo Map
IT2080016 Italy Boschi del Vignolo Map
IT2080017 Italy Garzaia di Porta Chiossa Map
IT2080018 Italy Garzaia della Carola Map
IT2080019 Italy Boschi di Vaccarizza Map
IT2080021 Italy Monte Alpe Map
IT2080301 Italy Boschi del Ticino Map
IT2090001 Italy Monticchie Map
IT2090004 Italy Garzaia del Mortone Map
IT2090006 Italy Spiagge fluviali di Boffalora Map
IT2090007 Italy Lanca di Soltarico Map
IT2090008 Italy La Zerbaglia Map
IT2090009 Italy Morta di Bertonico Map
IT2090010 Italy Adda Morta Map
IT2090011 Italy Bosco Valentino Map
IT20A0001 Italy Morta di Pizzighettone Map
IT20A0002 Italy Naviglio di Melotta Map
IT20A0003 Italy Palata Menasciutto Map
IT20A0004 Italy Le Bine Map
IT20A0005 Italy Lanca di Gabbioneta Map
IT20A0006 Italy Lanche di Azzanello Map
IT20A0007 Italy Bosco della Marisca Map
IT20A0008 Italy Isola Uccellanda Map
IT20A0009 Italy Bosco di Barco Map
IT20B0001 Italy Bosco Foce Oglio Map
IT20B0002 Italy Valli di Mosio Map
IT20B0003 Italy Lanca Cascina S. Alberto Map
IT20B0004 Italy Lanche di Gerra Gavazzi e Runate Map
IT20B0005 Italy Torbiere di Marcaria Map
IT20B0006 Italy Isola Boscone Map
IT20B0007 Italy Isola Boschina Map
IT20B0008 Italy Paludi di Ostiglia Map
IT20B0009 Italy Valli del Mincio Map
IT20B0010 Italy Vallazza Map
IT20B0011 Italy Bosco Fontana Map
IT20B0012 Italy Complesso morenico di Castellaro Lagusello Map
IT3120029 Italy Sorgente Resenzuola Map
IT3120030 Italy Fontanazzo Map
IT3120034 Italy Paludi di Sternigo Map
IT3120041 Italy Lago Costa Map
IT3120053 Italy Foci dell'Avisio Map
IT3120055 Italy Lago di Toblino Map
IT3120061 Italy La Rocchetta Map
IT3120156 Italy Adige Map
IT3210003 Italy Laghetto del Frassino Map
IT4020021 Italy Medio Taro Map
IT4030020 Italy Golena del Po di Gualtieri, Guastalla e Luzzara Map
IT4040014 Italy Valli Mirandolesi Map
IT4040018 Italy Le Meleghine Map
IT4050001 Italy Gessi Bolognesi, Calanchi dell'Abbadessa Map
IT4050019 Italy La Bora Map
IT4050022 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Medicina e Molinella Map
IT4050023 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Budrio e Minerbio Map
IT4050024 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Bentivoglio, S. Pietro in Casale, Malalbergo e Baricella Map
IT4050025 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Crevalcore Map
IT4050026 Italy Bacini ex-zuccherificio di Argelato e Golena del Fiume Reno Map
IT4060001 Italy Valli di Argenta Map
IT4060002 Italy Valli di Comacchio Map
IT4060008 Italy Valle del Mezzano Map
IT4060015 Italy Bosco della Mesola, Bosco Panfilia, Bosco di Santa Giustina, Valle Falce, La Goara Map
IT51A0014 Italy Pineta Granducale dell'Uccellina Map
IT5210001 Italy Boschi di Monti di Sodolungo - Rosso (Città di Castello) Map
IT5210002 Italy Serre di Burano Map
IT5210003 Italy Fiume Tevere tra San Giustino e Pierantonio Map
IT5210004 Italy Boschi di Pietralunga Map
IT5210006 Italy Boschi di Morra - Marzana Map
IT5210012 Italy Boschi di Montelovesco - Monte delle Portole Map
IT5210015 Italy Valle del Torrente Nese - Monti Acuto - Corona Map
IT5210022 Italy Fiume Tescio (parte alta) Map
IT5210023 Italy Colli Selvalonga - Il Monte (Assisi) Map
IT5210031 Italy Col Falcone (Colfiorito) Map
IT5210032 Italy Piani di Annifo - Arvello Map
IT5210036 Italy Piano di Ricciano Map
IT5210037 Italy Selva di Cupigliolo Map
IT5210041 Italy Fiume Menotre (Rasiglia) Map
IT5210044 Italy Boschi di Terne - Pupaggi Map
IT5210045 Italy Fiume Vigi Map
IT5210070 Italy Lago Trasimeno Map
IT5210071 Italy Monti Sibillini (versante umbro) Map
IT5210072 Italy Palude di Colfiorito Map
IT5210073 Italy Alto Bacino del Torrente Lama Map
IT5210075 Italy Boschi e pascoli di Fratticiola Selvatica (Valfabbrica) Map
IT5210076 Italy Monte Alago (Nocera Umbra) Map
IT5220024 Italy Valle del Tevere: Laghi di Corbara - Alviano Map
IT5220025 Italy Bassa Valnerina: Monte Fionchi - Cascata delle Marmore Map
IT5220027 Italy Lago dell'Aia (Narni) Map
IT5310012 Italy Montecalvo in Foglia Map
IT5310013 Italy Mombaroccio Map
IT5310014 Italy Valle Avellana Map
IT5310025 Italy Calanchi e praterie aride della media Valle del Foglia Map
IT5310027 Italy Mombaroccio e Beato Sante Map
IT8030037 Italy Vesuvio e Monte Somma Map
IT8040007 Italy Lago di Conza della Campania Map
IT9210020 Italy Bosco Cupolicchio Map
IT9210190 Italy Monte Paratiello Map
IT9210210 Italy Monte Vulture Map
IT9220055 Italy Bosco Pantano di Policoro e Costa Ionica Foce Sinni Map
IT9220144 Italy Lago S. Giuliano e Timmari Map
IT9220260 Italy Valle Basento Grassano Scalo - Grottole Map
ITA030023 Italy Isola di Alicudi Map
ITA030024 Italy Isola di Filicudi Map
ITA030026 Italy Isole di Stromboli e Strombolicchio Map
ITA030029 Italy Isola di Salina (Stagno di Lingua) Map
ITA040001 Italy Isola di Linosa Map
ITA040002 Italy Isola di Lampedusa e Lampione Map
MT0000006 Malta Is-Simar (limiti ta' San Pawl il-Bahar) Map
MT0000015 Malta L-Inhawi tal-Ghadira Map
MT0000017 Malta Kemmuna u l-Gzejjer ta' Madwarha Map
PTCON0002 Portugal Montesinho / Nogueira Map
PTCON0019 Portugal Rio Minho Map
PTZPE0001 Portugal Estuários dos Rios Minho e Coura Map
PTZPE0005 Portugal Paul de Arzila Map
PTZPE0008 Portugal Paul do Boquilobo Map
PTZPE0009 Portugal Ilhas Berlengas Map
PTZPE0010 Portugal Estuário do Tejo Map
PTZPE0011 Portugal Estuário do Sado Map
PTZPE0043 Portugal Campo Maior Map
PTZPE0045 Portugal Mourão/Moura/Barrancos Map
PTZPE0047 Portugal Vale do Guadiana Map
SE0820295 Sweden Laidauredeltat Map
SKUEV0365 Slovakia Dalovsky mociar Map
IT1345005 Italy Portovenere - Riomaggiore - S. Benedetto Map
IT1342907 Italy Monte Antessio - Chiusola Map
IT5210047 Italy Monti Serano - Brunette (sommità) Map
SKUEV0163 Slovakia Rudava Map
IT2040042 Italy Pian di Spagna e Lago di Mezzola Map
ES6200006 Spain Espacios Abiertos e Islas del Mar Menor Map
IT2080023 Italy Garzaia di Cascina Villarasca Map
IT5220014 Italy Valle del Serra (Monti Martani) Map
IT1324909 Italy Torrente Arroscia e Centa Map
SKUEV0169 Slovakia Orlovske vrsky Map
IT5210017 Italy Boschi di Pischiello - Torre Civitella Map
IT5220005 Italy Lago di Corbara Map
IT5210027 Italy Monte Subasio (sommità) Map
SKUEV0363 Slovakia Tahan Map
SKUEV0218 Slovakia Mociarka Map
ITA030027 Italy Isola di Vulcano Map
IT2030601 Italy Grigne Map
SKUEV0119 Slovakia Siroka Map
SKUEV0166 Slovakia Ciglat Map
SKUEV0034 Slovakia Borsiansky les Map
ITA030025 Italy Isola di Panarea e Scogli Viciniori Map
SKUEV0113 Slovakia Dlhe luky Map
IT2080703 Italy Po di Pieve Porto Morone Map
IT5220023 Italy Monti San Pancrazio - Oriolo Map
IT2010401 Italy Parco Regionale Campo dei Fiori Map
SKUEV0311 Slovakia Kacenky Map
IT5210064 Italy Monteluco di Spoleto Map
IT20A0401 Italy Riserva Regionale Bosco Ronchetti Map
CY5000001 Cyprus DASOS LEMESOU Map
SKUEV0380 Slovakia Tematinske vrchy Map
IT5220011 Italy Zona umida di Alviano Map
IT2090702 Italy Po di Corte S. Andrea Map
ITA040013 Italy Arcipelago delle Pelagie - area marina e terrestre Map
SKUEV0172 Slovakia Beznisko Map
IT2040403 Italy Riserva Regionale Paluaccio di Oga Map
SKUEV0313 Slovakia Devinske jazero Map
IT8020001 Italy Alta Valle del Fiume Tammaro Map
SKUEV0102 Slovakia Certov Map
IT1315719 Italy Torrente Nervia Map
SKUEV0177 Slovakia Smolzie Map
IT20A0018 Italy Cave Danesi Map
IT5220008 Italy Monti Amerini Map
ES2410072 Spain Lagunas de Estaña Map
IT5220010 Italy Monte Solenne (Valnerina) Map
SKUEV0282 Slovakia Tisovsky kras Map
IT5210061 Italy Torrente Naia Map
SKUEV0312 Slovakia Devinske aluvium Moravy Map
IT20B0501 Italy Viadana, Portiolo, San Benedetto Po e Ostiglia Map
IT1331718 Italy Monte Fasce Map
SKUEV0116 Slovakia Jakubovske rybniky Map
SKUEV0165 Slovakia Kutsky les Map
IT4020025 Italy Parma Morta Map
IT20A0502 Italy Lanca di Gussola Map
IT2040401 Italy Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi Map
SKUEV0171 Slovakia Zelienka Map
SKUEV0375 Slovakia Krasin Map
IT2050011 Italy Oasi Le Foppe di Trezzo sull'Adda Map
IT5210025 Italy Ansa degli Ornari (Perugia) Map
IT1315720 Italy Fiume Roia Map
IT1323203 Italy Rocca dei Corvi - Mao - Mortou Map
ES4320077 Spain Monfragüe Map
IT8010020 Italy Pineta di Castelvolturno Map
PTCON0011 Portugal Estuário do Sado Map
SKUEV0226 Slovakia Vanisovec Map
IT5220013 Italy Monte Torre Maggiore (Monti Martani) Map
SKUEV0026 Slovakia Raskovsky luh Map
IT2080702 Italy Po di Monticelli Pavese e Chignolo Po Map
IT2090501 Italy Senna Lodigiana Map
CY2000002 Cyprus ALYKOS POTAMOS - AGIOS SOZOMENOS Map
IT5210021 Italy Monte Malbe Map
IT2080701 Italy Po da Albaredo Arnaboldi ad Arena Po Map
SKUEV0397 Slovakia Vah pri Zamarovciach Map
SKUEV0220 Slovakia Sastinsky potok Map
IT5210043 Italy Sorgiva dell'Aiso Map
IT5210053 Italy Fiume e Fonti del Clitunno Map
ES4310040 Spain Sierra de Moraleja Map
IT5220002 Italy Selva di Meana (Allerona) Map
IT1160062 Italy Alte Valli Stura e Maira Map
IT20B0401 Italy Parco Regionale Oglio Sud Map
ES6200014 Spain Saladares del Guadalentín Map
IT1343511 Italy Monte Cornoviglio - Monte Fiorito - Monte Dragnone Map
IT5220016 Italy Monte la Pelosa - Colle Fergiara (Valnerina) Map
ITA030028 Italy Isola di Salina (Monte Fossa delle Felci e dei Porri) Map
IT8040006 Italy Dorsale dei Monti del Partenio Map
ITA050005 Italy Lago Sfondato Map
IT1342908 Italy Monte Gottero - Passo del Lupo Map
SKUEV0356 Slovakia Horny vrch Map
SKUEV0125 Slovakia Gajarske aluvium Moravy Map
IT5210040 Italy Boschi dell'alta Valle del Nestore Map
IT5220015 Italy Fosso Salto del Cieco (Ferentillo) Map
IT1322219 Italy Tenuta Quassolo Map
SKUEV0317 Slovakia Rozporec Map
IT5220021 Italy Piani di Ruschio (Stroncone) Map
ES6200025 Spain Sierra de la Fausilla Map
SKUEV0358 Slovakia Sovi hrad Map
SKUEV0168 Slovakia Horny les Map
SKUEV0213 Slovakia Kazarka Map
IT4020024 Italy San Genesio Map
CY4000001 Cyprus PERIOCHI POLIS - GIALIA Map
ES2430041 Spain Complejo Lagunar de La Salada de Chiprana Map
SKUEV0148 Slovakia Vlara Map
CY2000003 Cyprus PERIOCHI MITSEROU - AGROKIPIAS Map
IT5210062 Italy Monte Maggio (sommità) Map
IT5210020 Italy Boschi di Ferretto - Bagnolo Map
IT5220012 Italy Boschi di Farneta (Monte Castrilli) Map
SKUEV0225 Slovakia Muranska planina Map
IT5210018 Italy Lago Trasimeno Map
SKUEV0115 Slovakia Bahno Map
IT5210050 Italy Valle di Pettino (Campello sul Clitunno) Map
IT8030021 Italy Monte Somma Map
IT5210060 Italy Monte Il Cerchio (Monti Martani) Map
SKUEV0367 Slovakia Holubyho kopanice Map
IT8020007 Italy Camposauro Map
IT20A0020 Italy Gabbioneta Map
CY4000003 Cyprus KOILADA DIARIZOU Map
SKUEV0219 Slovakia Malina Map
IT2070401 Italy Parco Naturale Adamello Map
IT5210049 Italy Torrente Argentina (Sellano) Map
SKUEV0124 Slovakia Bogdalicky vrch Map
IT5220004 Italy Boschi di Prodo - Corbara Map
PTCON0007 Portugal S. Mamede Map
ES2410073 Spain Ríos Cinca y Alcanadre Map
IT4030021 Italy Rio Rodano, Fontanili di Fogliano e Ariolo e Oasi di Marmirolo Map
IT1345109 Italy Montemarcello Map
IT4030023 Italy Fontanili di Gattatico e Fiume Enza Map
IT5210069 Italy Boschi di Montebibico (Monti Martani) Map
CY4000014 Cyprus PERIOCHI DRYMOU Map
SKUEV0366 Slovakia Driencansky kras Map
IT20B0014 Italy Chiavica del Moro Map
IT2070402 Italy Alto Garda Bresciano Map
CY3000005 Cyprus KAVO GKREKO Map
IT1344210 Italy Punta Mesco Map
IT5210016 Italy Boschi di Castel Rigone Map
IT5210059 Italy Marcite di Norcia Map
IT20A0016 Italy Spiaggioni di Spinadesco Map
IT2040402 Italy Riserva Regionale Bosco dei Bordighi Map
SKUEV0179 Slovakia Cerveny rybnik Map
IT2020011 Italy Spina verde Map
IT8020008 Italy Massiccio del Taburno Map
IT1343412 Italy Deiva - Bracco - Pietra di Vasca - Mola Map
IT5210066 Italy Media Val Casana (Monti Coscerno - Civitella) Map
ITA020050 Italy Parco delle Madonie Map
SKUEV0123 Slovakia Dubrava Map
IT5210033 Italy Boschi Sereni - Torricella (San Biagio della Valle) Map
ES6200017 Spain Sierra de Villafuerte Map
IT9320302 Italy Marchesato e Fiume Neto Map
IT20A0015 Italy Bosco Ronchetti Map
CY4000015 Cyprus PERIOCHI KRITOU MAROTTOU Map
IT5210065 Italy Roccaporena - Monte della Sassa Map
IT5210057 Italy Fosso di Camposolo Map
SKUEV0360 Slovakia Belezir Map
IT5210054 Italy Fiume Tevere tra Monte Molino e Pontecuti (Tevere Morto) Map
IT2050401 Italy Riserva Regionale Fontanile Nuovo Map
SKUEV0362 Slovakia Pieskovcove chrbty Map
IT8040014 Italy Piana del Dragone Map
IT1323201 Italy Finalese - Capo Noli Map
SKUEV0316 Slovakia Sranecke piesky Map
SKUEV0120 Slovakia Jasenacke Map
IT1331402 Italy Beigua - Monte Dente - Gargassa - Pavaglione Map
IT20A0019 Italy Barco Map
IT2060016 Italy Valpredina e Misma Map
PTCON0036 Portugal Guadiana Map
SKUEV0178 Slovakia V studienkach Map
IT5210078 Italy Colline Premartane (Bettona - Gualdo Cattaneo) Map
IT5210046 Italy Valnerina Map
SKUEV0357 Slovakia Cerova vrchovina Map
PTCON0005 Portugal Paul de Arzila Map
IT5220001 Italy Bagno Minerale (Parrano) Map
IT5220020 Italy Gole di Narni - Stifone Map
IT5210028 Italy Boschi e brughiere di Panicarola Map
ES2410026 Spain Congosto de Sopeira Map
IT9220090 Italy Costa Ionica Foce Bradano Map
IT4020022 Italy Basso Taro Map
CY2000001 Cyprus MAMMARI - DENEIA Map
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Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Estorninho-malhado Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Estornino Pinto Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Étourneau sansonnet French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kottarainen Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Seregély Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Spreeuw Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Star German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Stare Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Starling English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Storno Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Szpak Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:15820 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

56 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 500/3000 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Andorra 5/10 (pairs) 1999-2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Armenia 100000/150000 (pairs) 2000-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Austria 100000/200000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Azerbaijan 100000/500000 (pairs) 1996-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Azerbaijan 400000/3000 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Belarus 1500000/1700000 (pairs) 1997-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Belarus 250/999 (individuals) 1997-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Belgium 20000/99999 (pairs) 2001-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Bosnia and Herzegovina Present/Present (pairs) 1990-2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Bulgaria 2000000/6000000 (pairs) 1996-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Croatia 1000000/1500000 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Croatia 50000/100000 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Czech Republic 900000/1800000 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Denmark 400000/600000 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Estonia 20000/50000 (pairs) 1998 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Estonia 50/2000 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Finland 30000/60000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
France 1500000/6000000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Georgia Present/Present (pairs) 2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Germany 1700000/4300000 (pairs) 1995-1999 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Greece 10000/20000 (pairs) 1995-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Greece 8000/10000 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Hungary 710000/990000 (pairs) 1999-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Iceland 6000/8000 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Iceland 3000/4000 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Ireland 250000/499999 (pairs) 1988-1991 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Italy 1000000/3000000 (pairs) 2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Latvia 50000/250000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Liechtenstein 300/500 (pairs) 1998-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Lithuania 250/999 (individuals) 1992-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Lithuania 250000/300000 (pairs) 1999-2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Luxembourg 30000/40000 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Macedonia (FYR) 100000/500000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Malta 5/10 (pairs) 1995-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Malta 1000/10000 (individuals) 1995-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Moldova, Republic of 150000/200000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Moldova, Republic of 800/1200 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Netherlands 500000/900000 (pairs) 1998-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Norway 200000/500000 (pairs) 1990-2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Poland 1500000/3000000 (pairs) 2000-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Portugal Present/Present (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Romania 10000/300000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Romania 840000/1224000 (pairs) 2000-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Russian Federation 2500000/10000000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Serbia and Montenegro 400000/700000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Slovakia 400000/800000 (pairs) 1990-1999 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Slovakia 100/5000 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Slovenia 80000/100000 (pairs) 1994 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Spain 400000/1200000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Sweden 750000/1500000 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Switzerland 150000/220000 (pairs) 1993-1996 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Turkey 1000000/4000000 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Ukraine 1400000/1900000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
United Kingdom 804000/804000 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
United Kingdom - Gibraltar 1/20 (individuals) 2000-2003 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

56 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Andorra 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing but of unknown magnitude Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Armenia 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belgium 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Czech Republic 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 30 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 14 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Georgia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Hungary 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing but of unknown magnitude Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Liechtenstein 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Luxembourg 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Macedonia (FYR) 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Malta 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Malta 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 24 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Poland 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Serbia and Montenegro 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 10% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovenia 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 12 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 33 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom - Gibraltar 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International
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