Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Strigiformes > Family: Strigidae > Genus: Surnia > Species: Surnia ulula

Hawk Owl - Surnia ulula (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 5 other international agreements
Breeding habitats
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code A456

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
FI0200041 Finland Kulju Map
FI0200149 Finland Puurijärvi - Isosuo Map
FI0200164 Finland Saaristomeri Map
FI0415001 Finland Siikalahti, Sammallampi, Rautalahti Map
FI0700008 Finland Hovinlampi-Ylälampi Map
FI0700024 Finland Saariniemi-Tervalahti Map
FI0800057 Finland Södra Stadsfjärden-Söderfjärden-Öjen Map
FI0800130 Finland Merenkurkun saaristo Map
FI0800132 Finland Luodon saaristo Map
FI0900046 Finland Heinä-Suvanto - Hetejärvi Map
FI0900057 Finland Seläntauksen suot Map
FI0900074 Finland Haapasuo-Syysniemi-Rutajärvi-Kivijärvi Map
FI0900093 Finland Haukisuo-Härkäsuo-Kukkoneva Map
FI1002002 Finland Kärsämäenjärvet Map
FI1100001 Finland Haapaveden lintuvedet ja suot Map
FI1100201 Finland Hailuoto, pohjoisranta Map
FI1100202 Finland Kirkkosalmi Map
FI1100203 Finland Isomatala-Maasyvänlahti Map
FI1100204 Finland Ojakylänlahti ja Kengänkari Map
FI1101002 Finland Veneneva-Pelso Map
FI1101402 Finland Tuuliaapa- Iso Heposuo Map
FI1101405 Finland Rimpijärvi-Uusijärvi Map
FI1101601 Finland Valtavaara - Pyhävaara Map
FI1101611 Finland Iivaara - Jousivaara Map
FI1101635 Finland Etelä-Kuusamon metsät Map
FI1101645 Finland Oulanka Map
FI1102200 Finland Liminganlahti Map
FI1102607 Finland Löytösuo-Karpassuo-Reikäsuo Map
FI1103802 Finland Ohtosensuo Map
FI1103827 Finland Litokaira Map
FI1103829 Finland Olvassuo Map
FI1104408 Finland Törmäsenrimpi-Kolkanneva Map
FI1105202 Finland Siikajoen lintuvedet ja suot Map
FI1106602 Finland Räkäsuo Map
FI1200208 Finland Juortanansalon alue Map
FI1200901 Finland Talaskankaan alue Map
FI1300101 Finland Pallas-Ounastunturi Map
FI1300103 Finland PÖYRISJÄRVEN ERÄMAA Map
FI1300105 Finland KÄSIVARREN ERÄMAA Map
FI1300201 Finland LEMMENJOEN KANSALLISPUISTO Map
FI1300210 Finland KETTUJOKI-VASKOJOKI Map
FI1300302 Finland Perämeren saaret Map
FI1300401 Finland HAIKARA-AAPA-VITSIKKOAAPA Map
FI1300505 Finland KIRVESAAPA Map
FI1300601 Finland PULJUN ERÄMAA Map
FI1300605 Finland LOUKISEN LATVASUOT Map
FI1300606 Finland KUORTANO-SAIVINVUOMA-LAUNIJÄRVI Map
FI1300607 Finland LEPPÄVUOMA-MURTOVUOMA-SAATTOPORANVUOMA Map
FI1300608 Finland Tollovuoma-Silmäsvuoma-Mustaoja-Nunaravuoma Map
FI1300611 Finland NAATSUKKA-AAPA Map
FI1300701 Finland Teuravuoma-Kivijärvenvuoma Map
FI1300904 Finland Luiron suot Map
FI1301301 Finland MUSTIAAPA-KAATTASJÄRVI Map
FI1301315 Finland Koukkulanaapa-Palokivalo Map
FI1301401 Finland Värriö Map
FI1301403 Finland Suksenpaistama-Miehinkävaara Map
FI1301404 Finland Joutsenaapa - Kaita-aapa Map
FI1301602 Finland MARTIMOAAPA-LUMIAAPA-PENIKAT Map
FI1301603 Finland VEITTIAAPA Map
FI1301701 Finland UK-PUISTO-SOMPIO-KEMIHAARA Map
FI1301705 Finland SOTA-AAPA Map
FI1301706 Finland Viiankiaapa Map
FI1301712 Finland POMOKAIRA Map
FI1301715 Finland Kulvakko Map
FI1301716 Finland KOITELAINEN Map
FI1301810 Finland Kilsiaapa-Ristivuoma Map
FI1301811 Finland Suuripään alue Map
FI1302001 Finland Kevo Map
FI1302002 Finland KALDOAIVIN ERÄMAA Map
LV0303500 Latvia Pape Map
SE0240034 Sweden Murstensdalen Map
SE0240039 Sweden Kindla Map
SE0620001 Sweden Långfjället-Städjan-Nipfjället Map
SE0620009 Sweden Drevfjällen Map
SE0620015 Sweden Fulufjället Map
SE0620041 Sweden Anjosvarden-Stopån-Våmhuskölen Map
SE0620053 Sweden Gåsberget Map
SE0620062 Sweden Tandövala Map
SE0710107 Sweden Gammtratten Map
SE0720029 Sweden Sonfjället Map
SE0720033 Sweden Rogen Map
SE0720084 Sweden Vålådalen Map
SE0720134 Sweden Offerdalsberg Map
SE0720160 Sweden Oldflån-Ansätten Map
SE0720164 Sweden Skäckerfjällen Map
SE0720183 Sweden Frostvikenfjällen Map
SE0720201 Sweden Helvetesbrännan; Norra Map
SE0720282 Sweden Ånnsjön Map
SE0720362 Sweden Tysjöarna Map
SE0810054 Sweden Blaikfjället Map
SE0810056 Sweden Oxfjället Map
SE0810057 Sweden Gitsfjället Map
SE0810080 Sweden Vindelfjällen Map
SE0810096 Sweden Stenbithöjden Map
SE0810475 Sweden Umeälvens delta och slätter Map
SE0820018 Sweden Lamburträsk Map
SE0820035 Sweden Rödkallen-SörÄspen Map
SE0820042 Sweden Gammelstadsviken Map
SE0820108 Sweden Haparanda skärgård Map
SE0820167 Sweden Muddus Map
SE0820201 Sweden Padjelanta Map
SE0820216 Sweden Sjaunja Map
SE0820275 Sweden Alajaure Map
SE0820276 Sweden Påkketanjaure Map
SE0820287 Sweden Pessinki fjällurskog Map
SE0820295 Sweden Laidauredeltat Map
SE0820615 Sweden Rappomyran Map
SE0820616 Sweden Päivävuoma Map
SE0820618 Sweden Tervavuoma Map
SE0820619 Sweden Tavvavuoma Map
FI1300908 Finland Pyhä-Luosto Map
FI1300907 Finland Kemihaaran suot Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Strigiformes) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc....ckColorLogged=FDC864

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Memorandum of understanding on the conservation of migratory birds of prey in Africa and Eurasia - under Bonn Convention (MoU Raptors) http://www.cms.int/raptors/
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) http://www.cites.org/eng
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...s/legislation_en.htm

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Búho Gavilán Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Chouette épervière French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Coruja-gavião Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Hawk Owl English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Hiiripöllö Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Hökuggla Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Høgeugle Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Karvalybagoly Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lechuza gavilana Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Sovice krahujová Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sperbereule German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sperweruil Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Ulula Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:07500 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

8 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Estonia 0/1 (pairs) 1998 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 1/20 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 2000/6000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 1000/10000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 6000/20000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 0/2 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 200/2000 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 0/1 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

8 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Estonia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 200% to 1000% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 30% to 49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating : 80 % Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

One item found.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Pohjois-Suomi 2012-06-01 2016-12-31 Tarkaa lukua ei voida tietää. Kyseessä on lintujen kuvaaminen neljältä eri pesältä. Kuvauksiin vaikuttaa pesintöjen onnistuminen. Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding Ei vaikutusta populaatioihin.
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