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Sound and independent information
on the environment

Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Carnivora > Family: Phocidae > Genus: Monachus > Species: Monachus monachus

Mediterranean monk seal - Monachus monachus (Hermann, 1779)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013 assessments.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000036 Spain Islas Chafarinas Map
ES0000336 Spain Isla de Alborán Map
GR1430005 Greece NISIA KYRA PANAGIA, PIPERI, PSATHOURA KAI GYRO NISIDES AGIOS GEORGIOS, NISOI ADELFOI, LECHOUSA, GAIDOURONISIA Map
GR2110004 Greece AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA Map
GR2210001 Greece DYTIKES KAI VOREIOANATOLIKES AKTES ZAKYNTHOU Map
GR4110007 Greece LESVOS: PARAKTIOI YGROTOPOI KOLPOU KALLONIS Map
GR4120003 Greece SAMOS: OROS KERKETEFS - MIKRO KAI MEGALO SEITANI - DASOS KASTANIAS KAI LEKKAS, AKR. KATAVASIS - LIMENAS Map
GR4210003 Greece VOREIA KARPATHOS KAI SARIA KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4220004 Greece FOLEGANDROS ANATOLIKI MECHRI DYTIKI SIKINO KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4310003 Greece NISOS DIA Map
GR4310008 Greece ANATOLIKA ASTEROUSIA Map
GR4320011 Greece DIONYSADES NISOI Map
IT5160014 Italy Isola di Montecristo e Formica di Montecristo - area terrestre e marina Map
ITA010002 Italy Isola di Marettimo Map
ITA010020 Italy Isola di Pantelleria - Area Costiera, Falesie e Bagno dell'Acqua Map
PTDES0001 Portugal Ilhas Desertas Map
PTMAD0003 Portugal Ponta de S. Lourenço Map
PTMAD0004 Portugal Ilhéu da Viúva Map
GR4220013 Greece MIKRES KYKLADES: IRAKLEIA, SCHOINOUSSA, KOUFONISIA, KEROS, ANTIKERIA KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
IT9150002 Italy Costa Otranto - Santa Maria di Leuca Map
GR2230004 Greece NISOI PAXOI KAI ANTIPAXOI Map
GR2110001 Greece AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) Map
GR1430004 Greece ETHNIKO THALASSIO PARKO ALONNISOU - VOREION SPORADON, ANATOLIKI SKOPELOS Map
GR4320008 Greece NISOS KOUFONISI KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR2420004 Greece MEGALO KAI MIKRO LIVARI - DELTA XERIA - YDROCHARES DASOS AG. NIKOLAOU - PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
ITA010024 Italy Fondali dell'Arcipelago delle Isole Egadi Map
GR4210007 Greece NOTIA NISYROS KAI STRONGYLI KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4120004 Greece IKARIA - FOURNOI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4220005 Greece PARAKTIA ZONI DYTIKIS MILOY Map
IT5160017 Italy Isola di Montecristo e Formica di Montecristo - area terrestre e marina Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
GR4220012 Greece VOREIA AMORGOS KAI KINAROS, LEVITHA, MAVRA, GLAROS KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4220009 Greece NOTIA SERIFOS Map
GR4340013 Greece NISOI GAVDOS KAI GAVDOPOULA Map
GR4210009 Greece ASTYPALAIA: ANATOLIKO TMIMA, GYRO NISIDES KAI OFIDOUSSA KAI THALASSIA ZONI (AKR. LANTRA - AKR. VRYSI) Map
GR4220014 Greece KENTRIKI KAI NOTIA NAXOS: ZAS KAI VIGLA EOS MAVROVOUNI KAI THALASSIA ZONI (ORMOS KARADES - ORMOS MOUTSOUNAS) Map
GR3000008 Greece ANTIKYTHIRA - PRASONISI KAI LAGOUVARDOS Map
GR4110004 Greece LESVOS: KOLPOS KALLONIS KAI CHERSAIA PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4220003 Greece SANTORINI: NEA KAI PALIA KAMENI - PROFITIS ILIAS Map
GR4210001 Greece KASOS KAI KASONISIA - EVRYTERI THALASSIA PERIOCHI Map
ITA010027 Italy Arcipelago delle Egadi - area marina e terrestre Map
GR4220011 Greece ANATOLIKI KEA Map
GR4340001 Greece IMERI KAI AGRIA GRAMVOUSSA - TIGANI KAI FALASARNA - PONTIKONISI, ORMOS LIVADI - VIGLIA Map
GR2450004 Greece PARALIAKI ZONI APO NAFPAKTO EOS ITEA Map
GR4220019 Greece TINOS: MYRSINI - AKROTIRIO LIVADA Map
GR4210004 Greece KASTELLORIZO KAI NISIDES RO KAI STRONGYLI KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4340012 Greece ASFENDOU - KALLIKRATIS KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4320003 Greece NISOS CHRYSI Map
GR4110002 Greece AGIOS EFSTRATIOS KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4220002 Greece ANAFI: CHERSONISOS KALAMOS - ROUKOUNAS Map
GR4340002 Greece NISOS ELAFONISOS KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4310005 Greece ASTEROUSIA (KOFINAS) Map
GR4220001 Greece ANDROS: ORMOS VITALI KAI KENTRIKOS OREINOS OGKOS Map
GR4210002 Greece KENTRIKI KARPATHOS: KALI LIMNI - LASTOS - KYRA PANAGIA KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4110005 Greece LESVOS: KOLPOS GERAS, ELOS NTIPI KAI OROS OLYMPOS Map
GR2440002 Greece KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS Map
GR4130001 Greece VOREIA CHIOS KAI NISOI OINOUSSES KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR3000010 Greece NISIDES KYTHIRON: PRASONISI, DRAGONERA, ANTIDRAGONERA Map
ITB020014 Italy Golfo di Orosei Map
ES6110015 Spain Alboran Map
GR4330004 Greece PRASSANO FARANGI - PATSOS - SFAKORYAKO REMA - PARALIA RETHYMNOU KAI EKVOLI GEROPOTAMOU, AKR. LIANOS KAVOS - PERIVOLIA Map
GR4220018 Greece SYROS: OROS SYRINGAS EOS PARALIA Map
GR2420001 Greece OROS OCHI - KAMPOS KARYSTOU - POTAMI - AKROTIRIO KAFIREFS - PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR1270003 Greece CHERSONISOS ATHOS Map
GR2310001 Greece DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALAS Map
GR2220004 Greece PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI APO ARGOSTOLI EOS VLACHATA (KEFALONIA) KAI ORMOS MOUNTA Map
GR4340005 Greece ORMOS SOUGIAS - VARDIA - FARANGI LISSOU MECHRI ANYDROUS KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR2210002 Greece KOLPOS LAGANA ZAKYNTHOU (AKR. GERAKI - KERI) KAI NISIDES MARATHONISI KAI PELOUZO Map
GR4110003 Greece LESVOS: DYTIKI CHERSONISOS - APOLITHOMENO DASOS Map
GR1420004 Greece KARLA - MAVROVOUNI - KEFALOVRYSO VELESTINOU - NEOCHORI Map
GR3000005 Greece SOUNIO - NISIDA PATROKLOU KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4220007 Greece NISOS ANTIMILOS - THALASSIA PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR2220003 Greece ESOTERIKO ARCHIPELAGOS IONIOU (MEGANISI, ARKOUDI, ATOKOS, VROMONAS) Map
IT3340006 Italy Carso Triestino e Goriziano Map
GR2550003 Greece NISOI SAPIENTZA KAI SCHIZA, AKROTIRIO AKRITAS Map
GR4220017 Greece NISOI DESPOTIKO KAI STRONGYLO KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR2220005 Greece DYTIKES AKTES KEFALONIAS - STENO KEFALONIAS ITHAKIS - VOREIA ITHAKI (AKROTIRIA GERO GKOMPOS - DRAKOU PIDIMA - KENTRI - AG. IOANNIS) Map
GR4220006 Greece NISOS POLYAIGOS - KIMOLOS Map
GR2210003 Greece NISOI STROFADES Map
GR4320006 Greece VOREIOANATOLIKO AKRO KRITIS: DIONYSADES, ELASA KAI CHERSONISOS SIDERO (AKRA MAVRO MOURI - VAI - AKRA PLAKAS) KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4220010 Greece VOREIODYTIKI KYTHNOS: OROS ATHERAS - AKROTIRIO KEFALOS KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4210011 Greece VRACHONISIA NOTIOU AIGAIOU: VELOPOULA, FALKONERA, ANANES, CHRISTIANA, PACHEIA, FTENO, MAKRA, ASTAKIDONISIA, SYRNA - GYRO NISIA KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR1270002 Greece OROS ITAMOS - SITHONIA Map
GR4340008 Greece LEFKA ORI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4210010 Greece ARKOI, LEIPSOI, AGATHONISI KAI VRACHONISIDES Map
GR1430001 Greece OROS PILIO KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
ES6300001 Spain ISLAS CHAFARINAS Map
GR4210005 Greece RODOS: AKRAMYTIS, ARMENISTIS, ATTAVYROS, REMATA KAI THALASSIA ZONI (KARAVOLA-ORMOS GLYFADA) Map
ITA010030 Italy Isola di Pantelleria e area marina circostante Map
GR2540002 Greece PERIOCHI NEAPOLIS KAI NISOS ELAFONISOS Map
CY4000010 Cyprus CHERSONISOS AKAMA Map
CY4000023 Cyprus ZONI EIDIKIS PROSTASIAS CHERSONISOS AKAMA Map
GR4220028 Greece ANDROS: KENTRIKO KAI NOTIO TMIMA, GYRO NISIDES KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4220033 Greece NISOS GYAROS KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4210032 Greece NISOS NISYROS KAI NISIDES Map
GR4220029 Greece SERIFOS: PARAKTIA ZONI KAI NISIDES SERIFOPOULA, PIPERI KAI VOUS Map
GR4320017 Greece NISOS KOUFONISI, GYRO NISIDES KAI NISIDES KAVALLOI Map
GR4110014 Greece NISOS AGIOS EFSTRATIOS KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4220030 Greece DYTIKI MILOS, ANTIMILOS, POLYAIGOS KAI NISIDES Map
GR2420012 Greece OROS OCHI, PARAKTIA ZONI KAI NISIDES Map
GR4220032 Greece VOREIA SYROS KAI NISIDES Map
GR4220031 Greece VOREIOANATOLIKI TINOS KAI NISIDES Map
GR4310013 Greece ASTEROUSIA ORI (KOFINAS) Map

Protected sites

Legal status

Legal text Annex Geographical and other restrictions More information
Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora - consolidated version 01/01/2007 (EU Habitats Directive) Annex II: animal and plant species of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation. http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Annex IV: animal and plant species of community interest in need of strict protection.
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) Annex II: strictly protected fauna species http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
Revised Annex I of Resolution 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention on species requiring specific habitat conservation measures https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc....ckColorLogged=FDC864
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) Annex I: migratory species which are endangered and must be protected by Parties http://www.cms.int/
Annex II: migratory species which have an unfavourable conservation status and which require international agreements for their conservation and management, as well as those which have a conservation status which would significantly benefit from the international co-operation that could be achieved by an international agreement.
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Annex I: species threatened with extinction which are or may be affected by trade. Trade in specimens of these species must be subject to particularly strict regulation in order not to endanger further their survival and must only be authorized in exceptional circumstances. http://www.cites.org/eng
Commission regulation (EU) No 101/2012 of 6 February 2012, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora) Annex A http://ec.europa.eu/environm...s/legislation_en.htm
Barcelona Convention Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SPA/BD Protocol) Annex II: Endangered or threatened species that the Parties shall manage with the aim of maintaining them in a favourable state of conservation. They shall ensure their maximum possible protection and recovery. http://rac-spa.org/protocol
http://rac-spa.org/sites/def...sion_ig_19_12_en.pdf

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Akdeniz foku Turkish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bumerin Maltese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Foca monaca Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Foca monje Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Foca monje del Mediterráneo Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Foca-episcop Romanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Foca-monge Portuguese EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Foka e Mesdheut Albanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Lobo-marinho Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Mediterrán barátfóka Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Mediterranean monk seal English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Middelhavsmunkesel Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Mittelmeer Mönchsrobbe German EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Mönchsrobbe German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Monka Maltese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Monniksrob Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Munkaselur Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Munkesæl Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Munkhüljes Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Munkkihylje Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Munksäl Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Phoque moine French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Sredozemna medvjedica Croatian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Sredozemska medvedjica Slovenian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Phoca monachus Hermann, 1779
Phoca albiventer Boddaert, 1785
Phoca atlantica Gray, 1854
Phoca bicolor Shaw, 1800
Phoca hermannii Lesson, 1828
Phoca leucogaster Peron, 1817
Monachus mediterraneus Nilsson, 1838
Heliophoca atlantica Gray, 1854

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

2 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Extra-Regio NUTS 2 2010-07-14 2016-06-30 neomejeno število živih živali je dovoljeno ujeti, poškodovati (odvzem vzorca tkiva) in vznemirjati Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Extra-Regio NUTS 2 2010-07-14 2016-06-30 neomejeno število živih živali je dovoljeno ujeti, poškodovati (odvzem vzorca tkiva) in vznemirjati Deliberate disturbance ni vpliva na populacijo
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