Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Clupeiformes > Family: Clupeidae > Genus: Alosa > Species: Alosa immaculata

Black Sea herring - Alosa immaculata Bennett, 1835

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Vulnerable (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Black Sea - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Continental - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Steppic - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 47 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • rivers and lakes
  • wetlands
Natura 2000 species code 4125


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ROSCI0131 Romania Olteniţa - Mostiştea - Chiciu Map
BG0000396 Bulgaria Persina Map
BG0000533 Bulgaria Ostrovi Kozloduy Map
BG0000534 Bulgaria Ostrov Chayka Map
BG0001007 Bulgaria Strandzha Map
ROSCI0044 Romania Corabia - Turnu Măgurele Map
ROSCI0006 Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei Map
BG0000377 Bulgaria Kalimok - Brashlen Map
BG0000335 Bulgaria Karaboaz Map
BG0000199 Bulgaria Tsibar Map
BG0000613 Bulgaria Reka Iskar Map
BG0000532 Bulgaria Ostrov Bliznatsi Map
BG0000110 Bulgaria Ostrovi Sv. Ivan i Sv. Petar Map
ROSCI0039 Romania Ciuperceni - Desa Map
BG0000497 Bulgaria Archar Map
ROSCI0269 Romania Vama Veche - 2 Mai Map
BG0000182 Bulgaria Orsoya Map
ROSCI0066 Romania Delta Dunării - zona marină Map
BG0002018 Bulgaria Ostrov Vardim Map
BG0000334 Bulgaria Ostrov Map
ROSCI0065 Romania Delta Dunării Map
BG0000614 Bulgaria Reka Ogosta Map
BG0000146 Bulgaria Plazh Gradina - Zlatna ribka Map
ROSCI0088 Romania Gura Vedei - Şaica - Slobozia Map
BG0000610 Bulgaria Reka Yantra Map
ROSCI0045 Romania Coridorul Jiului Map
BG0000530 Bulgaria Pozharevo - Garvan Map
ROSCI0022 Romania Canaralele Dunării Map
BG0001001 Bulgaria Ropotamo Map
BG0000621 Bulgaria Ezero Shabla - Ezerets Map
ROSCI0237 Romania Structuri submarine metanogene - Sf. Gheorghe Map
BG0000574 Bulgaria Aheloy - Ravda - Nesebar Map
BG0000529 Bulgaria Marten - Ryahovo Map
BG0000620 Bulgaria Pomorie Map
ROSCI0197 Romania Plaja submersă Eforie Nord - Eforie Sud Map
BG0000154 Bulgaria Ezero Durankulak Map
BG0000103 Bulgaria Galata Map
BG0000100 Bulgaria Plazh Shkorpilovtsi Map
BG0000116 Bulgaria Kamchia Map
BG0001004 Bulgaria Emine - Irakli Map
BG0000573 Bulgaria Kompleks Kaliakra Map
ROSCI0281 Romania Cap Aurora Map
ROSCI0293 Romania Costinesti - 23 August Map
BG0000631 Bulgaria Novo selo Map
BG0001500 Bulgaria Aladzha banka Map
BG0001502 Bulgaria Otmanli Map
BG0001501 Bulgaria Emona Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Alosa pontica Spanish Fishbase
Alose French Fishbase
Alose de la mer Noire French Fishbase
Black Sea herring English Fishbase
Black Sea shad English Fishbase
Chernomorskaya seld Russian Fishbase
Chernomorsko-azovskaya sel'd' Russian Fishbase
Donauhering German Fishbase
Dunavska skumriya Bulgarian Fishbase
Karagyoz Bulgarian Fishbase
Kerch black sea shad English Fishbase
Kerch shad English Fishbase
Pontic shad English Fishbase
Sábalo del Mar Negro Spanish Fishbase
Sável-do-Mar Negro Portuguese Fishbase
Scrumbie de Dunare Romanian Fishbase
Sledz czarnomorski Polish Fishbase

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100