Kingdom: Plantae > Division: Pteridophyta > Class: Filicopsida > Order: Filicales > Family: Dicksoniaceae > Genus: Culcita > Species: Culcita macrocarpa

Tree fern - Culcita macrocarpa C.Presl

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Near Threatened (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Atlantic - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Macaronesian - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Mediterranean - Unfavourable-Bad
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 36 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
  • woodland and forest
May also occur in
  • grassland
  • heathland and shrub
  • wetlands
Natura 2000 species code 1420


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000049 Spain Los Alcornocales Map
ES1110001 Spain Ortigueira - Mera Map
ES1110002 Spain Costa Ártabra Map
ES1110003 Spain Fragas do Eume Map
ES1200001 Spain Picos de Europa (Asturias) Map
ES1200032 Spain Río Sella Map
ES1200033 Spain Río Las Cabras-Bedón Map
ES1200034 Spain Río Purón Map
ES1200042 Spain Sierra Plana de la Borbolla Map
ES1300001 Spain Liébana Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
ES1300009 Spain Río Nansa Map
ES1300011 Spain Río Asón Map
ES1300012 Spain Río Agüera Map
ES1300020 Spain Río Saja Map
ES1300021 Spain Valles altos del Nansa y Saja y Alto Campoo Map
ES2130001 Spain Armañón Map
ES2130006 Spain Urdaibaiko ibai sarea / Red fluvial de Urdaibai Map
ES7020045 Spain Pijaral Map
ES7020095 Spain Anaga Map
PTCON0024 Portugal Valongo Map
PTCOR0001 Portugal Costa e Caldeirão - Ilha do Corvo Map
PTFAI0004 Portugal Caldeira e Capelinhos - Ilha do Faial Map
PTFLO0002 Portugal Zona Central - Morro Alto - Ilha das Flores Map
PTFLO0003 Portugal Costa Nordeste - Ilha das Flores Map
PTJOR0014 Portugal Costa NE e Ponta do Topo - Ilha de S. Jorge Map
PTMAD0001 Portugal Laurissilva da Madeira Map
PTMIG0019 Portugal Lagoa do Fogo - Ilha de S. Miguel Map
PTPIC0009 Portugal Montanha do Pico, Prainha e Caveiro - Ilha do Pico Map
PTTER0017 Portugal Serra Santa Bárbara e Pico Alto - Ilha da Terceira Map
PTZPE0020 Portugal Costa e Caldeirão - Ilha do Corvo Map
PTZPE0023 Portugal Caldeira e Capelinhos - Ilha do Faial Map
PTZPE0027 Portugal Zona Central do Pico - Ilha do Pico Map
PTZPE0033 Portugal Pico da Vara / Ribeira do Guilherme - Ilha de S. Miguel Map
ES1200009 Spain Ponga-Amieva Map
PTMIG0024 Portugal Serra da Tronqueira / Planalto dos Graminhais Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Cabelinha Portuguese EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Feto abrum Portuguese EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Feto do cabelinho Portuguese EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Helecho de colchoneros Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Helecho macho Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Kissenbaumfarn German EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Peluca Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Tree fern English EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Synonym Author
Dicksonia culcita L'Hér.

Other resources

GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS search Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100