Kingdom: Plantae > Division: Spermatophyta > Class: Dicotyledones > Order: Cactales > Family: Cactaceae > Genus: Opuntia > Species: Opuntia ficus-indica

Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Not evaluated (IUCN)
Protected by 1 international agreement
Reported as invasive by NOBANIS


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Data Deficient


Not evaluated


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) This species or synonym as such is not listed in CITES, but whole Family CACTACEAE is concerned by Appendix II (Except the species included in Appendix I and except Pereskia spp., Pereskiopsis spp. and Quiabentia spp.). Designates all parts and derivatives, except: a) seeds (including seedpods of Orchidaceae), spores and pollen (including pollinia). The exemption does not apply to seeds from Cactaceae spp. exported from Mexico, and to seeds from Beccariophoenix madagascariensis and Neodypsis decaryi exported from Madagascar; b) seedlings or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers; c) cut flowers of artificially propagated plants; d) fruits, and parts and derivatives thereof of naturalized or artificially propagated plants of the genus Vanilla (Orchidaceae) and of the family Cactaceae; e) stems, flowers, and parts and derivatives thereof of naturalized or artificially propagated plants of the genera Opuntia subgenus Opuntia and Selenicereus (Cactaceae); and f) finished products of Euphorbia antisyphilitica packaged and ready for retail trade. Artificially propagated specimens of the following hybrids and/or cultivars are not subject to the provisions of the Convention: Hatiora x graeseri; Schlumbergera x buckleyi; Schlumbergera russelliana x Schlumbergera truncata; Schlumbergera orssichiana x Schlumbergera truncata; Schlumbergera opuntioides x Schlumbergera truncata; Schlumbergera truncata (cultivars); Cactaceae spp. colour mutants, grafted on the following grafting stocks: Harrisia 'Jusbertii', Hylocereus trigonus or Hylocereus undatus; Opuntia microdasys (cultivars).

Common names and synonyms

The species has no common names
No synonyms available.

Other resources

EoL Encyclopedia of Life
GBIF search Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (accepted) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100