Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Annelida > Class: Clitellata > Order: Arhynchobdellida > Family: Hirudinidae > Genus: Hirudo > Species: Hirudo medicinalis

Hirudo medicinalis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Not evaluated (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Unknown
Atlantic - Unknown
Black Sea - Unknown
Boreal - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Continental - Unknown
Mediterranean - Unknown
Pannonian - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Steppic - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 3 other international agreements
Reported as invasive by NOBANIS
Most preferred habitats
  • rivers and lakes
  • wetlands
Natura 2000 species code 1034

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

World

Lower Risk: Near Theatened

Europe

Not evaluated

EU

Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora - consolidated version 01/01/2007 (EU Habitats Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) http://www.cites.org/eng
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...s/legislation_en.htm

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Blodigle Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
mediciniska dele Latvian Latvian NRC
No synonyms available.

Other resources

Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF search Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

42 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2015-09-29 Slovakia Derogations reporting under the article 16 Habitats Directive - years 2013 - 2014 Derogations reporting under the article 16 Habitats Directive - years 2013 - 2014
2015-07-31 Greece Habitats Directive Article 17 29_12_2014 submission GR GR_species_reports-15723-10453.xml
2014-10-29 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives Habitats and Birds Derogations Report
2014-01-07 Luxembourg Article 17 report 92/43/CEE 2007_2012 Luxembourg LU_species_reports-13823-134519.xml
2014-01-06 Hungary HU_Art_17_report_2013_second round_10_31 HU_species_report_art17
2014-01-03 Romania RO Art.17 2007-2012 Report from 31 December 2013 RO_species_reports.xml
2013-12-29 Lithuania Third LT report on Art.17,2007-2012 LT_species_reports-131230-135438.xml
2013-12-29 Sweden Report on Implementation Measures (Art.17.1)_delivery 2013 SE_species_reports-131230-111623.xml
2013-12-26 Bulgaria BG_habitats_report_2007-2012 Species reports
2013-12-16 Slovakia Art 17 report for the period 2007 - 2012 - second delivery SK_species_reports-131217-132945.xml
2013-12-08 Poland Habitats Directive Art. 17 Report PL_species_reports.xml
2013-12-03 Italy 3rd Italian national report 2013 IT_species_reports.xml
2013-10-18 Latvia LATVIA_2007-2012 LV_species_reports-131018-113252.xml
2013-10-10 United Kingdom Habitats Directive Article 17 2013 2nd submission UK GB_species_reports-13925-15297.xml
2013-10-07 Finland Habitat directive reporting (FI) 2007-2012 FI_species_reports.xml
2013-09-17 Estonia Eesti2013 EE_species_reports-13917-14855.xml
2013-09-16 Belgium Second Release Art17 Belgium BE_species_reports-13916-154440.xml
2013-09-13 Slovakia Derogations reporting under the article 16 Habitats Directive habides_export.xml
2013-09-11 Spain Habitats Directive: Report Art.17 2007-2012 ES_species_reports
2013-08-23 Czech Republic CZ_Rep_HDArt17_2013_2nd_submission:corrected CZ_species_reports.xml
2011-12-21 Slovakia Derogations reporting under the article 16 Habitats Directive habides_export.xml
2011-10-17 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives (2009-2010) habitat derogations
2008-07-07 Spain Spain's delivery of 3 July Hirudo medicinalis
2008-04-14 Estonia eesti Species questionnaire for Hirudo medicinalis
2008-04-10 Germany German national report Hirudo medicinalis
2008-03-20 Slovenia Article 17 Report Hirudo medicinalis
2008-03-16 Netherlands NL Report HR 2007 Hirudo medicinalis
2008-03-04 Italy Italy Hirudo medicinalis
2008-03-03 Hungary delivery_report_art_17_HU Hirudo medicinalis
2008-03-02 Lithuania Buveiniu direktyvos igyvendinimo ataskaita Species questionnaire for Hirudo medicinalis
2008-02-27 France rapport France Hirudo medicinalis
2008-02-24 United Kingdom UK_submission Hirudo medicinalis
2008-02-21 Austria Article 17 report Austria Species questionnaire for Hirudo medicinalis
2008-02-21 Greece Hellas Species questionnaire for Hirudo medicinalis
2008-02-21 Slovakia report under habitats directive Hirudo medicinalis
2008-01-15 Belgium Natura 2000 habitat report Species questionnaire for Hirudo medicinalis
2008-01-14 Luxembourg Article 17 report 92/43/CEE Luxembourg Species questionnaire for Hirudo medicinalis
2008-01-10 Finland Suomi virallinen Species questionnaire for Hirudo medicinalis
2007-10-02 Latvia LATVIA 2001-2006 Hirudo medicinalis
2007-10-02 Sweden Report on Implementation Measures (Art.17.1)_delivery 2007 Species questionnaire for Hirudo medicinalis
2007-10-01 Poland Report on Implementation Measures Species questionnaire for Hirudo medicinalis
2007-10-01 Czech Republic Species and Habitats Species questionnaire for Hirudo medicinalis

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

77 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Poland 2010-12-01 2013-12-31 500/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-12-01 2013-12-31 500/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-12-01 2013-12-31 500/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-12-01 2013-12-31 500/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 300 Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 300 Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 600/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 600/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 300/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 300/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 1200/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 1200/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 3000/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 3000/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 300 Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 300 Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 600/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 600/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 300/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 300/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 1200/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 1200/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 3000/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-11-01 2013-12-31 3000/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-10-01 2013-12-31 1200/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-10-01 2013-12-31 1200/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-10-01 2013-12-31 10000/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-10-01 2013-12-31 10000/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-10-01 2013-12-31 400/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-10-01 2013-12-31 400/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-10-01 2013-12-31 600/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-10-01 2013-12-31 600/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-10-01 2013-12-31 1200/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-10-01 2013-12-31 1200/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-10-01 2013-12-31 10000/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-10-01 2013-12-31 10000/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-10-01 2013-12-31 400/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-10-01 2013-12-31 400/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-10-01 2013-12-31 600/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-10-01 2013-12-31 600/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-08-01 2013-12-31 36000/year Offering for sale non impact on population
Poland 2010-08-01 2013-12-31 36000/year Sale non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-08-01 2013-12-31 36000/year Offering for sale non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-08-01 2013-12-31 36000/year Sale non impact on population
Poland 2010-08-01 2013-12-31 36000/year Offering for sale non impact on population
Poland 2010-08-01 2013-12-31 36000/year Sale non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-08-01 2013-12-31 36000/year Offering for sale non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-08-01 2013-12-31 36000/year Sale non impact on population
Poland 2010-03-01 2013-08-31 1000/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-03-01 2013-08-31 1000/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-03-01 2014-12-31 500/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-03-01 2014-12-31 500/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-03-01 2013-08-31 1000/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-03-01 2013-08-31 1000/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-03-01 2014-12-31 500/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-03-01 2014-12-31 500/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-02-01 2013-12-31 40/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-02-01 2013-12-31 40/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-02-01 2013-08-31 200/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-02-01 2013-08-31 200/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-02-01 2013-12-31 300/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-02-01 2013-12-31 300/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-02-01 2013-12-31 40/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-02-01 2013-12-31 40/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-02-01 2013-08-31 200/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-02-01 2013-08-31 200/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-02-01 2013-12-31 300/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-02-01 2013-12-31 300/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-01-14 2013-12-31 300/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-01-14 2013-12-31 300/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-01-14 2013-12-31 300/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-01-14 2013-12-31 300/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-01-01 2013-12-31 1000/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-01-01 2013-12-31 1000/year Purchase non impact on population
Poland 2010-01-01 2013-12-31 1000/year Purchase non impact on population
Slaskie 2010-01-01 2013-12-31 1000/year Purchase non impact on population
Podkarpackie 2009-01-01 2010-12-31 unspecified Marketing There is no impact on the population.
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100