Kingdom: Plantae > Division: Tracheophyta > Class: Magnoliopsida > Order: Asparagales > Family: Orchidaceae > Genus: Ophrys > Species: Ophrys lunulata

Ophrys lunulata Parl.

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Near Threatened (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Mediterranean - Favourable
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 4 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 40 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • grassland
Natura 2000 species code 1905


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ITA010016 Italy Monte Cofano e Litorale Map
ITA010017 Italy Capo San Vito, Monte Monaco, Zingaro, Faraglioni Scopello, Monte Sparacio Map
ITA020008 Italy Rocca Busambra e Rocche di Rao Map
ITA020016 Italy Monte Quacella, Monte dei Cervi, Pizzo Carbonara, Monte Ferro, Pizzo Otiero Map
ITA020021 Italy Montagna Longa, Pizzo Montanello Map
ITA020027 Italy Monte Iato, Kumeta, Maganoce e Pizzo Parrino Map
ITA020030 Italy Monte Matassaro, Monte Gradara e Monte Signora Map
ITA050001 Italy Biviere e Macconi di Gela Map
ITA070017 Italy Sciare di Roccazzo della Bandiera Map
ITA090007 Italy Cava Grande del Cassibile, Cava Cinque Porte, Cava e Bosco di Bauli Map
ITA020006 Italy Capo Gallo Map
ITA080006 Italy Cava Randello, Passo Marinaro Map
ITA050012 Italy Torre Manfria, Biviere e Piana di Gela Map
ITA090018 Italy Fiume Tellesimo Map
ITA090009 Italy Valle del Fiume Anapo, Cavagrande del Calcinara, Cugni di Sortino Map
ITA020039 Italy Monte Cane, Pizzo Selva a Mare, Monte Trigna Map
ITA010010 Italy Monte San Giuliano Map
ITA020026 Italy Monte Pizzuta, Costa del Carpineto, Moarda Map
ITA020048 Italy Monti Sicani, Rocca Busambra e Bosco della Ficuzza Map
ITA080003 Italy Vallata del Fiume Ippari (Pineta di Vittoria) Map
ITA010029 Italy Monte Cofano, Capo San Vito e Monte Sparagio Map
ITA020007 Italy Boschi Ficuzza e Cappelliere, Vallone Cerasa, Castagneti Mezzojuso Map
ITA020023 Italy Raffo Rosso, Monte Cuccio e Vallone Sagana Map
ITA020050 Italy Parco delle Madonie Map
ITA090016 Italy Alto corso del Fiume Asinaro, Cava Piraro e Cava Carosello Map
ITA010015 Italy Complesso Monti di Castellammare del Golfo (TP) Map
ITA050007 Italy Sughereta di Niscemi Map
ITA020014 Italy Monte Pellegrino Map
ITA010013 Italy Bosco di Calatafimi Map
ITA020017 Italy Complesso Pizzo Dipilo e Querceti su calcare Map
ITA050011 Italy Torre Manfria Map
ITA090020 Italy Monti Climiti Map
ITA030004 Italy Bacino del Torrente Letojanni Map
ITA070005 Italy Bosco di Santo Pietro Map
ITA090021 Italy Cava Contessa - Cugno Lupo Map
ITA020002 Italy Boschi di Gibilmanna e Cefal├╣ Map
ITA090019 Italy Cava Cardinale Map
ITA020044 Italy Monte Grifone Map
ITA090022 Italy Bosco Pisano Map
ITA020049 Italy Monte Pecoraro e Pizzo Cirina Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora - consolidated version 01/01/2007 (EU Habitats Directive)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention)

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Mond Ragwurz German EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Ofride a mezza-luna Italian EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS search Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

2 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2013-12-03 Italy 3rd Italian national report 2013 IT_species_reports.xml
2008-03-04 Italy Italy Ophrys lunulata
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100