Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Arthropoda > Class: Insecta > Order: Lepidoptera > Family: Papilionidae > Genus: Papilio > Species: Papilio alexanor > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Papilio alexanor alexanor Esper 1800 Fauna Europaea (2010)

Southern Swallowtail - Papilio alexanor Esper, 1799

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Mediterranean - Unknown
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 1 other international agreement
Most preferred habitats
  • heathland and shrub
  • sparsely vegetated land
Natura 2000 species code 1054


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
l'Alexanor French Van Swaay, C.A.M. & Warren, M.S.
Southern Swallowtail English Van Swaay, C.A.M. & Warren, M.S.
Zuidelijke koninginnepage Dutch Van Swaay, C.A.M. & Warren, M.S.
Synonym Author
Papilio alexanor destelensis Nel & Chauliac, 1983
Papilio alexanor radighieri Sala & Bollino, 1991
Papilio polydamas de Pruner, 1798

Other resources

Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
GBIF search Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS search Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100