Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Arthropoda > Class: Insecta > Order: Lepidoptera > Family: Papilionidae > Genus: Parnassius > Species: Parnassius apollo > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Parnassius apollo subsp. apollo Linnaeus, 1758 CITES (2006)

Apollo - Parnassius apollo (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Near Threatened (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Atlantic - Unknown
Boreal - Unfavourable-Bad
Continental - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Mediterranean - Unknown
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 3 other international agreements
Most preferred habitats
  • grassland
  • sparsely vegetated land
May also occur in
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code 1057

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora - consolidated version 01/01/2007 (EU Habitats Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) http://www.cites.org/eng
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...s/legislation_en.htm

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Apollo Danish Van Swaay, C.A.M. & Warren, M.S.
Apollo English Van Swaay, C.A.M. & Warren, M.S.
Apollofalter German Van Swaay, C.A.M. & Warren, M.S.
Apollosommerfugl Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Apollovlinder Dutch Van Swaay, C.A.M. & Warren, M.S.
l'Apollon French Van Swaay, C.A.M. & Warren, M.S.
Niepylak apollo Polish Van Swaay, C.A.M. & Warren, M.S.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS search Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

45 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Auvergne
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Centre Val de Loire
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Midi Pyrénées
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files PACA
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Rhône Alpes
2015-11-26 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2014 DREAL Rhone Alpes
2015-11-04 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2011 Dérogations région Aquitaine
2015-10-16 Italy Habitat derogation 2013-2014 Habides + Habitat xml
2015-10-01 Finland Hab2013-2014 FI_hab_report_2014.xml
2015-09-29 Slovakia Derogations reporting under the article 16 Habitats Directive - years 2013 - 2014 Derogations reporting under the article 16 Habitats Directive - years 2013 - 2014
2015-09-18 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2013 DREAL_FC_habides_habitats_2013.xml
2015-09-17 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2012 AQUITAINE-habides_export_habitats.xml
2015-09-17 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2012 MIDI-PYRENEES_habides_export-dirHab.xml
2015-07-31 Greece Habitats Directive Article 17 29_12_2014 submission GR GR_species_reports-15723-10453.xml
2014-11-14 Slovenia Derogations 2013 Derogations 2013
2014-10-30 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives Habitats and Birds Derogations Report
2014-03-11 Italy Habitat derogation report 2011-2012 Habitat derogation report 2011-2012
2014-01-04 Romania RO Art.17 2007-2012 Report from 31 December 2013 RO_species_reports.xml
2013-12-30 Sweden Report on Implementation Measures (Art.17.1)_delivery 2013 SE_species_reports-131230-111623.xml
2013-12-27 Bulgaria BG_habitats_report_2007-2012 Species reports
2013-12-20 Sweden National Report on Derogations under the Habitats directive (Art 16.2)_delivery 2013 National reports on derogations under the Habitats directive (Art 16) 2011-2012_SE_2013-12-20
2013-12-17 Slovakia Art 17 report for the period 2007 - 2012 - second delivery SK_species_reports-131217-132945.xml
2013-12-09 Poland Habitats Directive Art. 17 Report PL_species_reports.xml
2013-12-04 Italy 3rd Italian national report 2013 IT_species_reports.xml
2013-11-20 Slovenia Report 2011-2012 derogations 2011 - 2012
2013-10-11 Finland Hab2011-2012 FI_hab_report_2011_2012.xml
2013-10-07 Finland Habitat directive reporting (FI) 2007-2012 FI_species_reports.xml
2013-09-13 Slovakia Derogations reporting under the article 16 Habitats Directive habides_export.xml
2013-09-11 Spain Habitats Directive: Report Art.17 2007-2012 ES_species_reports
2013-08-23 Czech Republic CZ_Rep_HDArt17_2013_2nd_submission:corrected CZ_species_reports.xml
2012-12-03 Finland Hab2009-2010 Fi_hab_rap_2009_2010.xml
2012-10-11 Sweden National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives-2009_2010/xml format Derogations Birds/habitats 2009-2010
2011-10-17 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives (2009-2010) habitat derogations
2008-07-07 Spain Spain's delivery of 3 July Parnassius apollo
2008-04-10 Germany German national report Parnassius apollo
2008-03-21 Slovenia Article 17 Report Parnassius apollo
2008-03-17 Netherlands NL Report HR 2007 Species questionnaire for Parnassius apollo
2008-03-05 Italy Italy Parnassius apollo
2008-02-28 France rapport France Parnassius apollo
2008-02-22 Austria Article 17 report Austria Species questionnaire for Parnassius apollo
2008-02-22 Greece Hellas Species questionnaire for Parnassius apollo
2008-02-22 Slovakia report under habitats directive Parnassius apollo
2007-10-02 Sweden Report on Implementation Measures (Art.17.1)_delivery 2007 Species questionnaire for Parnassius apollo
2007-10-01 Czech Republic Species and Habitats Species questionnaire for Parnassius apollo
2007-10-01 Poland Report on Implementation Measures Species questionnaire for Parnassius apollo

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

17 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Slovenia 2010-05-27 2060-05-27 na posamezni lokaciji usmrti največ tri (Lepidoptera) in deset (Odonata) osebkov živali določene vrste na leto Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-27 2060-05-27 na posamezni lokaciji usmrti največ tri (Lepidoptera) in deset (Odonata) osebkov živali določene vrste na leto Killing ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-27 2060-05-27 na posamezni lokaciji usmrti največ tri (Lepidoptera) in deset (Odonata) osebkov živali določene vrste na leto Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-27 2060-05-27 na posamezni lokaciji usmrti največ tri (Lepidoptera) in deset (Odonata) osebkov živali določene vrste na leto Killing ni vpliva na populacijo
Etelä-Suomi 2010-05-21 2012-12-31 Määrää ei ole rajoitettu. Yksilöitä siirretään kasvatetusta kannasta sen verran kuin niitä on saatavilla. Palautussiirto luontoon None
Slovenia 2010-05-20 2015-05-31 na posamezni lokaciji usmrti največ tri do pet osebkov živali določene vrste na leto Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-20 2015-05-31 na posamezni lokaciji usmrti največ tri do pet osebkov živali določene vrste na leto Killing ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-20 2015-05-31 na posamezni lokaciji usmrti največ tri do pet osebkov živali določene vrste na leto Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-20 2015-05-31 na posamezni lokaciji usmrti največ tri do pet osebkov živali določene vrste na leto Killing ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-12 2060-05-12 na posamezni lokaciji usmrti največ pet osebkov živali določene vrste na leto Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-12 2060-05-12 na posamezni lokaciji usmrti največ pet osebkov živali določene vrste na leto Killing ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-12 2060-05-12 na posamezni lokaciji usmrti največ pet osebkov živali določene vrste na leto Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-12 2060-05-12 na posamezni lokaciji usmrti največ pet osebkov živali določene vrste na leto Killing ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2009-11-05 2059-11-05 na posamezni lokaciji ujame in usmrti do največ 3 osebke posamezne vrste na leto Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2009-11-05 2059-11-05 na posamezni lokaciji ujame in usmrti do največ 3 osebke posamezne vrste na leto Killing ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2009-11-05 2059-11-05 na posamezni lokaciji ujame in usmrti do največ 3 osebke posamezne vrste na leto Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2009-11-05 2059-11-05 na posamezni lokaciji ujame in usmrti do največ 3 osebke posamezne vrste na leto Killing ni vpliva na populacijo
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100