Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Reptilia > Order: Squamata > Family: Colubridae > Genus: Coluber > Species: Coluber hippocrepis

Horseshoe whip snake - Coluber hippocrepis Linnaeus, 1758

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Not evaluated (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Atlantic - Favourable
Mediterranean - Favourable
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 1 other international agreement
Most preferred habitats
  • heathland and shrub
  • sparsely vegetated land
May also occur in
  • grassland
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code 1288


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Threat and conservation status

This species has not yet been assessed for the IUCN Red List

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Cobra-de-ferradura Portuguese Gasc J.P. and al.
Couleuvre fer-à-cheval French Gasc J.P. and al.
Culebra de Herradura Spanish Gasc J.P. and al.
Horseshoe whip snake English Gasc J.P. and al.
Hufeisennatter German Gasc J.P. and al.
Synonym Author
Coluber domesticus Linnaeus, 1766
Periops hippocrepis Bocage, 1863
Zamenis hippocrepis Böttger, 1881

Other resources

Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS search Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100