Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Reptilia > Order: Squamata > Family: Colubridae > Genus: Elaphe > Species: Elaphe longissima

Aesculapian snake - Elaphe longissima (Laurenti, 1768)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Unfavourable-Bad
Atlantic - Favourable
Black Sea - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Continental - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Mediterranean - Favourable
Pannonian - Unfavourable-Bad
Steppic - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 1 other international agreement
Most preferred habitats
  • grassland
  • heathland and shrub
  • woodland and forest
May also occur in
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • sparsely vegetated land
Natura 2000 species code 1281

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

World

Not evaluated

Europe

Least Concern

EU

Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Aesculapian snake English Gasc J.P. and al.
Äskulapnatter German Gasc J.P. and al.
Colubro d'Esculapio Italian Gasc J.P. and al.
Couleuvre d'Esculape French Gasc J.P. and al.
Culebra de Esculapio Spanish Gasc J.P. and al.
waz Eskulapa Polish Polish NRC
Synonym Author
Natrix longissima Laurenti, 1768
Coluber sellmani Donndorff, 1798

Other resources

Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF search Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS search Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

46 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2016-02-24 Germany Habitat Derogation 2013_2014 Habitat_2013_2014_GER.xml
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Centre Val de Loire
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Pays de Loire
2015-11-03 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2011 Dérogations région Aquitaine
2015-11-03 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2011 Dérogations région Poitou Charente
2015-10-16 Italy Habitat derogation 2013-2014 Habides + Habitat xml
2015-10-09 Czech Republic Report according to Art. 16.2 of the Habitats Directive - CZ 2013-2014 Report according to Art. 16.2 of the Habitats Directive - CZ 2013-2014
2015-09-29 Slovakia Derogations reporting under the article 16 Habitats Directive - years 2013 - 2014 Derogations reporting under the article 16 Habitats Directive - years 2013 - 2014
2015-09-18 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2013 DREAL_FC_habides_habitats_2013.xml
2015-09-17 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2012 AQUITAINE-habides_export_habitats.xml
2015-09-17 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2012 AUVERGNE_habides_habitat.xml
2015-09-17 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2012 CENTRE_habides_export_habitats.xml
2015-09-17 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2012 POITOU-CHARENTE-habitats-habides2012_DH_export_122013.xml
2015-09-17 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2012 RHONE-ALPES-DREAL_RA_2012Habitat_20131029_habides_export.xml
2015-07-31 Greece Habitats Directive Article 17 29_12_2014 submission GR GR_species_reports-15723-10453.xml
2015-02-23 Germany Habitat Derogation 2011_2012 Germany Habitat_2011_2012_GER.xml
2014-11-13 Slovenia Derogations 2013 Derogations 2013
2014-03-10 Italy Habitat derogation report 2011-2012 Habitat derogation report 2011-2012
2014-01-19 Bulgaria BG-NR under Habitat Directive 2011-2012 BG_HD_NReport 2011-2012
2014-01-06 Hungary HU_Art_17_report_2013_second round_10_31 HU_species_report_art17
2014-01-03 Romania RO Art.17 2007-2012 Report from 31 December 2013 RO_species_reports.xml
2013-12-26 Bulgaria BG_habitats_report_2007-2012 Species reports
2013-12-16 Slovakia Art 17 report for the period 2007 - 2012 - second delivery SK_species_reports-131217-132945.xml
2013-12-08 Poland Habitats Directive Art. 17 Report PL_species_reports.xml
2013-12-03 Italy 3rd Italian national report 2013 IT_species_reports.xml
2013-11-19 Slovenia Report 2011-2012 derogations 2011 - 2012
2013-09-13 Slovakia Derogations reporting under the article 16 Habitats Directive habides_export.xml
2013-09-11 Spain Habitats Directive: Report Art.17 2007-2012 ES_species_reports
2013-08-23 Czech Republic CZ_Rep_HDArt17_2013_2nd_submission:corrected CZ_species_reports.xml
2011-12-21 Slovakia Derogations reporting under the article 16 Habitats Directive habides_export.xml
2011-12-11 Italy Habitat Derogation Report 2009-2010 habitat derogation report 2009-2010
2011-11-10 Bulgaria Report Habitat Directive_2009-2010. Habitats_09-10.
2011-10-17 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives (2009-2010) habitat derogations
2010-09-27 Italy Habitats Derogations 2007-2008 Habitats Derogations 2007-2008
2010-09-07 Italy Habitats derogations Report 2007-2008 Report 2007-2008
2008-07-07 Spain Spain's delivery of 3 July Elaphe longissima
2008-04-10 Germany German national report Elaphe longissima
2008-03-20 Slovenia Article 17 Report Elaphe longissima
2008-03-04 Italy Italy Elaphe longissima
2008-03-03 Hungary delivery_report_art_17_HU Elaphe longissima
2008-02-27 France rapport France Elaphe longissima
2008-02-21 Austria Article 17 report Austria Species questionnaire for Elaphe longissima
2008-02-21 Greece Hellas Species questionnaire for Elaphe longissima
2008-02-21 Slovakia report under habitats directive Elaphe longissima
2007-10-01 Czech Republic Species and Habitats Species questionnaire for Elaphe longissima
2007-10-01 Poland Report on Implementation Measures Species questionnaire for Elaphe longissima

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

88 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Jihozápad 2014-12-02 2020-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout, vyplývá z dílčích projektů schvalovaných pro každý rok Odchyt (kroužkování) nevýznamné
Jihozápad 2014-12-02 2020-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout, vyplývá z dílčích projektů schvalovaných pro každý rok Přeprava nevýznamné
Jihozápad 2014-12-02 2020-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout, vyplývá z dílčích projektů schvalovaných pro každý rok rušení jedinců nevýznamné
Jihozápad 2014-12-02 2020-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout, vyplývá z dílčích projektů schvalovaných pro každý rok Odchyt /lov se sítí nevýznamné
Jihozápad 2014-12-02 2020-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout, vyplývá z dílčích projektů schvalovaných pro každý rok Odchyt nevýznamné
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 2014-04-03 2014-12-31 10 individuals in the period 2014-2016 Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Toscana 2014-04-03 2014-12-31 10 individuals in the period 2014-2016 Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Sardegna 2014-04-03 2014-12-31 10 individuals in the period 2014-2016 Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Abruzzo 2014-01-21 2014-12-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Capture for keeping in captivity No evidence of a significant impact
Abruzzo 2014-01-21 2014-12-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Measurements, marking and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Severozápad 2014-01-07 2024-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout jakého počtu jedinců se bude vysbírání a transfer týkat, předpoklad je několik jedinců (nikoliv desítky) Odchyt nevýznamné
Severozápad 2014-01-07 2024-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout jakého počtu jedinců se bude vysbírání a transfer týkat, předpoklad je několik jedinců (nikoliv desítky) Úmyslné vyrušování v období přezimování nevýznamné
Piemonte 2014-01-01 2014-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Capture for keeping in captivity No evidence of a significant impact
Piemonte 2014-01-01 2014-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Measurement, marking, keeping in captivity for ten days and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Lombardia 2014-01-01 2014-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Capture for keeping in captivity No evidence of a significant impact
Lombardia 2014-01-01 2014-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Measurement, marking, keeping in captivity for ten days and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Emilia-Romagna 2014-01-01 2014-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Capture for keeping in captivity No evidence of a significant impact
Emilia-Romagna 2014-01-01 2014-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Measurement, marking, keeping in captivity for ten days and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Moravskoslezsko 2013-03-15 2017-12-31 Odchyceni jedinci budou během krátkého časového období vráceni na lokalitu odchytu. Nelze dopředu odhadnout počet odchycených jedinců Držení v zajetí Žádné - Odchyceni jedinci budou během krátkého časového období vráceni na lokalitu odchytu.
Moravskoslezsko 2013-03-15 2017-12-31 Odchyceni jedinci budou během krátkého časového období vráceni na lokalitu odchytu. Nelze dopředu odhadnout počet odchycených jedinců Odchyt Žádné - Odchyceni jedinci budou během krátkého časového období vráceni na lokalitu odchytu.
Moravskoslezsko 2013-03-15 2017-12-31 Odchyceni jedinci budou během krátkého časového období vráceni na lokalitu odchytu. Nelze dopředu odhadnout počet odchycených jedinců Úmyslné vyrušování v období migrace Žádné - Odchyceni jedinci budou během krátkého časového období vráceni na lokalitu odchytu.
Piemonte 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Capture for keeping in captivity No evidence of a significant impact
Piemonte 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Measurement, marking, keeping in captivity for ten days and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Lombardia 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Capture for keeping in captivity No evidence of a significant impact
Lombardia 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Measurement, marking, keeping in captivity for ten days and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Emilia-Romagna 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Capture for keeping in captivity No evidence of a significant impact
Emilia-Romagna 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Measurement, marking, keeping in captivity for ten days and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Emilia-Romagna 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 data not available Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Emilia-Romagna 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 data not available Measurement and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Umbria 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 data not available Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Umbria 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 data not available Measurement and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Marche 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 data not available Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Marche 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 data not available Measurement and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Abruzzo 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Capture for keeping in captivity No evidence of a significant impact
Abruzzo 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Measurements, marking and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Piemonte 2012-09-11 2012-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Capture for keeping in captivity No evidence of a significant impact
Piemonte 2012-09-11 2012-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Measurement, marking, keeping in captivity for ten days and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Lombardia 2012-09-11 2012-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Capture for keeping in captivity No evidence of a significant impact
Lombardia 2012-09-11 2012-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Measurement, marking, keeping in captivity for ten days and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Emilia-Romagna 2012-09-11 2012-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Capture for keeping in captivity No evidence of a significant impact
Emilia-Romagna 2012-09-11 2012-12-31 data not available. Licensed 35 individuals for the period 2012-14. Measurement, marking, keeping in captivity for ten days and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Emilia-Romagna 2012-09-11 2012-12-31 data not available Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Emilia-Romagna 2012-09-11 2012-12-31 data not available Measurement and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Umbria 2012-06-07 2012-12-31 data not available Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Umbria 2012-06-07 2012-12-31 data not available Measurement and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Marche 2012-06-07 2012-12-31 data not available Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Marche 2012-06-07 2012-12-31 data not available Measurement and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Severoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-11-30 The permit allows 30 individuals from each species to be caught. Capture No impact
Yugoiztochen 2012-03-01 2013-11-30 The permit allows 30 individuals from each species to be caught. Capture No impact
Abruzzo 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Capture for keeping in captivity No evidence of a significant impact
Abruzzo 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Measurements, marking and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Abruzzo 2011-04-01 2011-12-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Capture for keeping in captivity No evidence of a significant impact
Abruzzo 2011-04-01 2011-12-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Measurements, marking and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Bulgaria 2011-03-15 2013-03-15 The permit allows 20 individuals from each species to be caught. Capture No impact
Bulgaria 2011-03-15 2013-03-15 The permit allows 20 individuals from each species to be caught. Temporary keeping in captivity of 15% of each species from permitted catch for not more than 2 moths. No impact
Slovenia 2010-05-27 2060-05-27 za namene raziskovanja se lahko iz narave odvzame neomejeno število mrtvih živali Keeping of dead species ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-27 2060-05-27 za namene raziskovanja se lahko ujame in nato izpusti na mestu ujetja neomejeno število živali Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-27 2060-05-27 za namene raziskovanja se lahko ujame in nato izpusti na mestu ujetja neomejeno število živali Deliberate disturbance ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-27 2060-05-27 za namene raziskovanja se lahko iz narave odvzame neomejeno število mrtvih živali Keeping of dead species ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-27 2060-05-27 za namene raziskovanja se lahko ujame in nato izpusti na mestu ujetja neomejeno število živali Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-27 2060-05-27 za namene raziskovanja se lahko ujame in nato izpusti na mestu ujetja neomejeno število živali Deliberate disturbance ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-12 2060-05-12 neomejeno število mrtvih živali je dovoljeno odvzeti iz narave Keeping of dead species ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-12 2060-05-12 za namene raziskovanja se lahko ujame in nato izpusti na mestu ujetja neomejeno število živali Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-12 2060-05-12 za namene raziskovanja se lahko ujame in nato izpusti na mestu ujetja neomejeno število živali Deliberate disturbance ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-12 2060-05-12 neomejeno število mrtvih živali je dovoljeno odvzeti iz narave Keeping of dead species ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-12 2060-05-12 za namene raziskovanja se lahko ujame in nato izpusti na mestu ujetja neomejeno število živali Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-12 2060-05-12 za namene raziskovanja se lahko ujame in nato izpusti na mestu ujetja neomejeno število živali Deliberate disturbance ni vpliva na populacijo
Bulgaria 2010-05-05 2012-04-30 The permit allows 15 individuals from each bat species to be caught and marked. Capture No impact
Bulgaria 2010-05-05 2012-04-30 The permit allows 15 individuals from each bat species to be caught and marked. Taking dead bodies. No impact
Slovenia 2010-04-22 2010-12-31 za namene raziskovanja se lahko ujame in nato izpusti na mestu ujetja neomejeno število živali Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-04-22 2010-12-31 za namene raziskovanja se lahko ujame in nato izpusti na mestu ujetja neomejeno število živali Deliberate disturbance ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-04-22 2010-12-31 za namene raziskovanja se lahko ujame in nato izpusti na mestu ujetja neomejeno število živali Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-04-22 2010-12-31 za namene raziskovanja se lahko ujame in nato izpusti na mestu ujetja neomejeno število živali Deliberate disturbance ni vpliva na populacijo
Abruzzo 2010-03-19 2010-06-30 Number of individuals licensed unknown Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Abruzzo 2010-03-19 2010-06-30 Number of individuals licensed unknown Measurements, marking and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Slovenia 2009-09-09 2009-31-12 za namene raziskovanja se lahko ujame in nato izpusti na mestu ujetja neomejeno število živali Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2009-09-09 2009-31-12 za namene raziskovanja se lahko ujame in nato izpusti na mestu ujetja neomejeno število živali Deliberate disturbance ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2009-09-09 2009-31-12 za namene raziskovanja se lahko ujame in nato izpusti na mestu ujetja neomejeno število živali Capture ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2009-09-09 2009-31-12 za namene raziskovanja se lahko ujame in nato izpusti na mestu ujetja neomejeno število živali Deliberate disturbance ni vpliva na populacijo
Lombardia 2009-04-01 2009-07-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Lombardia 2009-04-01 2009-07-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Species identification and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Veneto 2008-03-01 2008-10-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Veneto 2008-03-01 2008-10-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Measurements and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Veneto 2008-03-01 2008-10-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Veneto 2008-03-01 2008-10-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Transport No evidence of a significant impact
Veneto 2008-03-01 2008-10-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Measurements and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Lombardia 2008-03-01 2008-08-20 Number of individuals licensed unknown Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Lombardia 2008-03-01 2008-08-20 Number of individuals licensed unknown Measurements and following release No evidence of a significant impact
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100