Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Reptilia > Order: Squamata > Family: Colubridae > Genus: Elaphe > Species: Elaphe situla

Leopard snake - Elaphe situla (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Black Sea - Unfavourable-Bad
Continental - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Mediterranean - Unknown
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 239 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • grassland
  • heathland and shrub
May also occur in
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • sparsely vegetated land
  • urban
  • wetlands
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code 1293

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

World

Not evaluated

Europe

Least Concern

EU

Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
GR1110002 Greece DASOS DADIAS - SOUFLI Map
GR1110006 Greece DELTA EVROU Map
GR1130010 Greece LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA Map
GR1150001 Greece DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA Map
GR1250001 Greece OROS OLYMPOS Map
GR1260009 Greece KOILADA TIMIOU PRODROMOU-MENOIKION Map
GR1270012 Greece OROS CHOLOMONTAS Map
GR1310002 Greece VALIA KALNTA KAI TECHNITI LIMNI AOOU Map
GR1340001 Greece ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON Map
GR1420005 Greece AISTHITIKO DASOS KOILADAS TEMPON Map
GR1430005 Greece NISIA KYRA PANAGIA, PIPERI, PSATHOURA KAI GYRO NISIDES AGIOS GEORGIOS, NISOI ADELFOI, LECHOUSA, GAIDOURONISIA Map
GR1440005 Greece ANTICHASIA ORI KAI METEORA Map
GR2110004 Greece AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA Map
GR2130005 Greece LIMNI IOANNINON Map
GR2210001 Greece DYTIKES KAI VOREIOANATOLIKES AKTES ZAKYNTHOU Map
GR2220002 Greece ETHNIKOS DRYMOS AINOU Map
GR2320001 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA KALOGRIAS, DASOS STROFYLIAS KAI ELOS LAMIAS, ARAXOS Map
GR2320004 Greece AISTHITIKO DASOS KALAVRYTON Map
GR2320010 Greece ORI BARMPAS, KLOKOS, FARANGI SELINOUNTA Map
GR2420006 Greece SKYROS: OROS KOCHYLAS Map
GR2440005 Greece KATO ROUS KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU POTAMOU Map
GR2530002 Greece LIMNI STYMFALIA Map
GR3000001 Greece OROS PARNITHA Map
GR4110007 Greece LESVOS: PARAKTIOI YGROTOPOI KOLPOU KALLONIS Map
GR4310009 Greece KROUSONAS - VROMONERO IDIS Map
GR4320010 Greece LAZAROS KORYFI - MADARA DIKTIS Map
GR4330006 Greece SOROS - AGKATHI - KEDROS Map
GR4340014 Greece ETHNIKOS DRYMOS SAMARIAS - FARANGI TRYPITIS - PSILAFI - KOUSTOGERAKO Map
IT9130007 Italy Area delle Gravine Map
IT9140003 Italy Stagni e Saline di Punta della Contessa Map
IT9140008 Italy Torre Guaceto Map
IT9220135 Italy Gravine di Matera Map
IT9220144 Italy Lago S. Giuliano e Timmari Map
ITA050001 Italy Biviere e Macconi di Gela Map
ITA070001 Italy Foce del Fiume Simeto e Lago Gornalunga Map
ITA070003 Italy La Gurna Map
ITA090002 Italy Vendicari Map
ITA090003 Italy Pantani della Sicilia sud orientale Map
ITA090004 Italy Pantano Morghella Map
ITA090006 Italy Saline di Siracusa e Fiume Ciane Map
ITA090013 Italy Saline di Priolo Map
ITA090014 Italy Saline di Augusta Map
MT0000006 Malta Is-Simar (limiti ta' San Pawl il-Bahar) Map
MT0000009 Malta L-Inhawi tar-Ramla tat-Torri u tal-Irdum tal-Madonna Map
MT0000015 Malta L-Inhawi tal-Ghadira Map
MT0000018 Malta L-Inhawi tal-Buskett u tal-Girgenti Map
GR2520003 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA MOUSTOU Map
GR4210008 Greece KOS: AKROTIRIO LOUROS - LIMNI PSALIDI - OROS DIKAIOS - ALYKI - PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
IT9150006 Italy Rauccio Map
ITA090007 Italy Cava Grande del Cassibile, Cava Cinque Porte, Cava e Bosco di Bauli Map
IT9150002 Italy Costa Otranto - Santa Maria di Leuca Map
IT9150033 Italy Specchia dell'Alto Map
GR2110001 Greece AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) Map
GR1430004 Greece ETHNIKO THALASSIO PARKO ALONNISOU - VOREION SPORADON, ANATOLIKI SKOPELOS Map
IT9150031 Italy Masseria Zanzara Map
MT0000012 Malta Wied il-Mizieb Map
GR2420004 Greece MEGALO KAI MIKRO LIVARI - DELTA XERIA - YDROCHARES DASOS AG. NIKOLAOU - PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR2550005 Greece THINES KYPARISSIAS (NEOCHORI - KYPARISSIA) Map
IT9150001 Italy Bosco Guarini Map
IT9140005 Italy Torre Guaceto e Macchia S. Giovanni Map
GR4310002 Greece GIOUCHTAS - FARANGI AGIAS EIRINIS Map
ITA080007 Italy Spiaggia Maganuco Map
ITA090024 Italy Cozzo Ogliastri Map
GR4220020 Greece NISOS MILOS: PROFITIS ILIAS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
ITA090029 Italy Pantani della Sicilia sud-orientale, Morghella, di Marzamemi, di Punta Pilieri e Vendicari Map
ITA080006 Italy Cava Randello, Passo Marinaro Map
IT9150022 Italy Palude dei Tamari Map
GR1150010 Greece DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
IT9150017 Italy Bosco Chiuso di Presicce Map
IT9150019 Italy Parco delle Querce di Castro Map
ITA050012 Italy Torre Manfria, Biviere e Piana di Gela Map
GR4220009 Greece NOTIA SERIFOS Map
GR2540005 Greece LAGKADA TRYPIS Map
IT9130005 Italy Murgia di Sud - Est Map
GR2220001 Greece KALON OROS KEFALONIAS Map
ITA090018 Italy Fiume Tellesimo Map
MT0000021 Malta L-Inhawi tal-Imgiebah u tal-Mignuna Map
GR1430002 Greece KOURI ALMYROU - AGIOS SERAFEIM Map
IT9150016 Italy Bosco di Otranto Map
BG0000167 Bulgaria Belasitsa Map
ITA090010 Italy Isola Correnti, Pantani di Punta Pilieri, chiusa dell'Alga e Parrino Map
ITA090009 Italy Valle del Fiume Anapo, Cavagrande del Calcinara, Cugni di Sortino Map
ITA070008 Italy Complesso Immacolatelle, Micio Conti, boschi limitrofi Map
GR1130009 Greece LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR2530004 Greece OROS OLIGYRTOS Map
GR4110004 Greece LESVOS: KOLPOS KALLONIS KAI CHERSAIA PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4220003 Greece SANTORINI: NEA KAI PALIA KAMENI - PROFITIS ILIAS Map
IT9150018 Italy Bosco Serra dei Cianci Map
IT9140004 Italy Bosco I Lucci Map
ITA090023 Italy Monte Lauro Map
GR4330002 Greece OROS KEDROS Map
GR1440002 Greece KERKETIO OROS (KOZIAKAS) Map
MT0000024 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Malta: Ir-Ramla tac-Cirkewwa sal-Ponta ta' Benghisa Map
ITA080004 Italy Punta Braccetto, Contrada Cammarana Map
GR4220011 Greece ANATOLIKI KEA Map
GR4340001 Greece IMERI KAI AGRIA GRAMVOUSSA - TIGANI KAI FALASARNA - PONTIKONISI, ORMOS LIVADI - VIGLIA Map
GR2450004 Greece PARALIAKI ZONI APO NAFPAKTO EOS ITEA Map
GR1110005 Greece VOUNA EVROU Map
GR4340012 Greece ASFENDOU - KALLIKRATIS KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
IT9150012 Italy Bosco di Cardigliano Map
GR2130004 Greece KENTRIKO TMIMA ZAGORIOU Map
ITA090015 Italy Torrente Sapillone Map
GR2130001 Greece ETHNIKOS DRYMOS VIKOU - AOOU Map
GR2320003 Greece FARANGI VOURAIKOU Map
GR4310005 Greece ASTEROUSIA (KOFINAS) Map
IT9150003 Italy Aquatina di Frigole Map
GR1110003 Greece TREIS VRYSES Map
GR4330003 Greece KOURTALIOTIKO FARANGI - MONI PREVELI - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
GR1420001 Greece KATO OLYMPOS - KALLIPEFKI Map
GR1310003 Greece ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PINDOU (VALIA KALNTA) - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
GR4310004 Greece DYTIKA ASTEROUSIA (APO AGIOFARANGO EOS KOKKINO PYRGO) Map
GR4220001 Greece ANDROS: ORMOS VITALI KAI KENTRIKOS OREINOS OGKOS Map
GR4110005 Greece LESVOS: KOLPOS GERAS, ELOS NTIPI KAI OROS OLYMPOS Map
GR1440001 Greece ASPROPOTAMOS Map
ITA090008 Italy Capo Murro di Porco, Penisola della Maddalena e Grotta Pellegrino Map
GR2550006 Greece OROS TAYGETOS Map
GR2530005 Greece ORI GERANEIA Map
IT9120006 Italy Laghi di Conversano Map
ITA080003 Italy Vallata del Fiume Ippari (Pineta di Vittoria) Map
ITA070029 Italy Biviere di Lentini, tratto mediano e foce del Fiume Simeto e area antistante la foce Map
ITA090011 Italy Grotta Monello Map
GR2440002 Greece KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS Map
GR4130001 Greece VOREIA CHIOS KAI NISOI OINOUSSES KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
ITA090001 Italy Isola di Capo Passero Map
BG0000366 Bulgaria Kresna - Ilindentsi Map
IT9140006 Italy Bosco di Santa Teresa Map
GR4320002 Greece DIKTI: OROPEDIO LASITHIOU, KATHARO, SELENA, KRASI, SELAKANO, CHALASMENI KORYFI Map
GR4330004 Greece PRASSANO FARANGI - PATSOS - SFAKORYAKO REMA - PARALIA RETHYMNOU KAI EKVOLI GEROPOTAMOU, AKR. LIANOS KAVOS - PERIVOLIA Map
ITA030031 Italy Isola Bella, Capo Taormina e Capo S. Andrea Map
GR1420003 Greece AISTHITIKO DASOS OSSAS Map
IT9150011 Italy Alimini Map
ITA090005 Italy Pantano di Marzamemi Map
ITA090016 Italy Alto corso del Fiume Asinaro, Cava Piraro e Cava Carosello Map
GR4220018 Greece SYROS: OROS SYRINGAS EOS PARALIA Map
ITA050007 Italy Sughereta di Niscemi Map
GR3000004 Greece VRAVRONA - PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4220016 Greece NISOS PAROS: PETALOUDES Map
GR4340010 Greece DRAPANO (VOREIOANATOLIKES AKTES) - PARALIA GEORGIOUPOLIS - LIMNI KOURNA Map
IT9150032 Italy Le Cesine Map
GR2210002 Greece KOLPOS LAGANA ZAKYNTHOU (AKR. GERAKI - KERI) KAI NISIDES MARATHONISI KAI PELOUZO Map
ITA080009 Italy Cava d'Ispica Map
BG0000146 Bulgaria Plazh Gradina - Zlatna ribka Map
GR3000003 Greece ETHNIKO PARKO SCHINIA - MARATHONA Map
ITA050011 Italy Torre Manfria Map
ITA080001 Italy Foce del Fiume Irminio Map
GR4110003 Greece LESVOS: DYTIKI CHERSONISOS - APOLITHOMENO DASOS Map
GR2410001 Greece LIMNES YLIKI KAI PARALIMNI - SYSTIMA VOIOTIKOU KIFISOU Map
ITA090020 Italy Monti Climiti Map
ITA080002 Italy Alto corso del Fiume Irmino Map
IT9150013 Italy Palude del Capitano Map
IT9150005 Italy Boschetto di Tricase Map
ITA010011 Italy Sistema dunale Capo Granitola, Porto Palo e Foce del Belice Map
GR4120001 Greece SAMOS: PARALIA ALYKI Map
GR2520006 Greece OROS PARNONAS (KAI PERIOCHI MALEVIS) Map
GR2320005 Greece ORI BARMPAS KAI KLOKOS, FARANGI SELINOUNTA Map
ITA070005 Italy Bosco di Santo Pietro Map
GR4310006 Greece DIKTI: OMALOS VIANNOU (SYMI - OMALOS) Map
BG0001001 Bulgaria Ropotamo Map
ITA090012 Italy Grotta Palombara Map
GR2540003 Greece EKVOLES EVROTA Map
GR4220006 Greece NISOS POLYAIGOS - KIMOLOS Map
IT9120002 Italy Murgia dei Trulli Map
ITA090021 Italy Cava Contessa - Cugno Lupo Map
GR1340006 Greece OROS VERNON - KORYFI VITSI Map
GR4220010 Greece VOREIODYTIKI KYTHNOS: OROS ATHERAS - AKROTIRIO KEFALOS KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4220008 Greece SIFNOS: PROFITIS ILIAS MECHRI DYTIKES AKTES KAI THALASSIA PERIOCHI Map
IT9140001 Italy Bosco Tramazzone Map
GR2550004 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA PYLOU (DIVARI) KAI NISOS SFAKTIRIA, AGIOS DIMITRIOS Map
GR4330005 Greece OROS IDI (VORIZIA, GERANOI, KALI MADARA) Map
IT9150009 Italy Litorale di Ugento Map
BG0001031 Bulgaria Rodopi - Sredni Map
GR4340008 Greece LEFKA ORI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
IT9150008 Italy Montagna Spaccata e Rupi di San Mauro Map
GR2440003 Greece FARANGI GORGOPOTAMOU Map
IT9150030 Italy Bosco La Lizza e Macchia del Pagliarone Map
GR2520001 Greece OROS MAINALO Map
GR1430001 Greece OROS PILIO KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
IT9140002 Italy Litorale Brindisino Map
GR2320007 Greece OROS PANACHAIKO Map
ITA090019 Italy Cava Cardinale Map
GR4210005 Greece RODOS: AKRAMYTIS, ARMENISTIS, ATTAVYROS, REMATA KAI THALASSIA ZONI (KARAVOLA-ORMOS GLYFADA) Map
GR1110007 Greece DELTA EVROU KAI DYTIKOS VRACHIONAS Map
IT9150023 Italy Bosco Danieli Map
IT9150020 Italy Bosco Pecorara Map
ITA090022 Italy Bosco Pisano Map
GR4340007 Greece FARANGI THERISSOU Map
GR1260001 Greece LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO Map
IT9150029 Italy Bosco di Cervalora Map
BG0000574 Bulgaria Aheloy - Ravda - Nesebar Map
GR1440003 Greece ANTICHASIA ORI - METEORA Map
BG0000224 Bulgaria Ograzhden - Maleshevo Map
IT9150010 Italy Bosco Macchia di Ponente Map
GR1270001 Greece OROS CHOLOMONTAS Map
IT9150021 Italy Bosco le Chiuse Map
GR2430001 Greece OROS TYMFRISTOS (VELOUCHI) Map
GR2540002 Greece PERIOCHI NEAPOLIS KAI NISOS ELAFONISOS Map
GR3000006 Greece YMITTOS - AISTHITIKO DASOS KAISARIANIS - LIMNI VOULIAGMENIS Map
GR4340006 Greece LIMNI AGIAS - PLATANIAS - REMA KAI EKVOLI KERITI - KOILADA FASA Map
BG0001028 Bulgaria Sreden Pirin - Alibotush Map
BG0001004 Bulgaria Emine - Irakli Map
BG0000271 Bulgaria Mandra - Poda Map
BG0001023 Bulgaria Rupite - Strumeshnitsa Map
GR4220028 Greece ANDROS: KENTRIKO KAI NOTIO TMIMA, GYRO NISIDES KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4220029 Greece SERIFOS: PARAKTIA ZONI KAI NISIDES SERIFOPOULA, PIPERI KAI VOUS Map
GR4220030 Greece DYTIKI MILOS, ANTIMILOS, POLYAIGOS KAI NISIDES Map
GR3000016 Greece YGROTOPOS SCHINIA Map
GR2420010 Greece OROS KANTILI Map
GR2450009 Greece EVRYTERI PERIOCHI GALAXEIDIOU Map
GR3000015 Greece OROS YMITTOS Map
GR1430008 Greece OROS PILIO Map
GR4220032 Greece VOREIA SYROS KAI NISIDES Map
GR2220006 Greece KEFALONIA: AINOS, AGIA DYNATI KAI KALON OROS Map
GR4130003 Greece VOREIA CHIOS Map
GR4310013 Greece ASTEROUSIA ORI (KOFINAS) Map
GR2320013 Greece OROS CHELMOS (AROANIA) - FARANGI VOURAIKOU KAI PERIOCHI KALAVRYTON Map
HR2000929 Croatia Rijeka Cetina - kanjonski dio Map
HR5000030 Croatia Biokovo Map
HR2001352 Croatia Mosor Map
HR2000946 Croatia Snježnica i Konavosko polje Map
HR2001358 Croatia Otok Cres Map
HR2000911 Croatia Kolansko blato - Blato Rogoza Map
HR5000031 Croatia Delta Neretve Map
HR2001315 Croatia Rastočko polje Map
HR4000018 Croatia Paške stijene Velebitskog Kanala (Rt Sv. Nikola – Rt Fortica – Rt Mrtva) Map
HR2000942 Croatia Otok Vis Map
HR2001350 Croatia Podbiokovlje Map
HR2001363 Croatia Zaleđe Trogira Map
HR2001366 Croatia Bokanjačko blato Map
HR2001361 Croatia Ravni kotari Map
HR2001357 Croatia Otok Krk Map
HR2000918 Croatia Šire područje NP Krka Map
HR2001364 Croatia JI dio Pelješca Map
HR4000019 Croatia Paške stijene Velebitskog Kanala (Rt Deda - Rt Krištofer) Map
HR5000022 Croatia Park prirode Velebit Map
HR2001367 Croatia I dio Korčule Map
HR2001046 Croatia Matica-Vrgoračko polje Map
HR4000002 Croatia Park prirode Telašćica Map
ITA080012 Italy Torrente Prainito Map
ITA080011 Italy Conca del Salto Map

Protected sites

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Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Colubro leopardino Italian EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Couleuvre léopardine French Gasc J.P. and al.
Culebra moteada Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Leopard snake English Gasc J.P. and al.
Leopardnatter German Gasc J.P. and al.
Leopardsnog Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Luipaardslang Dutch EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Synonym Author
Coluber situla Linnaeus, 1758
Coluber quadrilineatus Pallas, 1814
Coluber leopardinus Bonaparte, 1834
Coluber cruentatus Stevini, 1835
Callopeltis leopardinus var. metaxa Bonaparte, 1840
Elaphe sicula Lankes, 1911

Other resources

Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF search Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS search Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

10 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Puglia 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Puglia 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Measurements, marking and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Bulgaria 2011-08-19 2013-03-01 The permit allows 30 individuals from each species to be caught. Capture No impact
Bulgaria 2011-07-14 2013-03-01 The permit allows 30 individuals from each species to be caught. Capture No impact
Puglia 2011-05-04 2011-12-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Puglia 2011-05-04 2011-12-31 Number of individuals licensed unknown Measurements, marking and following release No evidence of a significant impact
Bulgaria 2011-03-15 2013-03-15 The permit allows 20 individuals from each species to be caught. Capture No impact
Bulgaria 2011-03-15 2013-03-15 The permit allows 20 individuals from each species to be caught. Temporary keeping in captivity of 15% of each species from permitted catch for not more than 2 moths. No impact
Bulgaria 2010-05-05 2012-04-30 The permit allows 5 individuals from each bat species to be caught and marked. Capture No impact
Bulgaria 2010-05-05 2012-04-30 The permit allows 5 individuals from each bat species to be caught and marked. Taking dead bodies. No impact
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100