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Sound and independent information
on the environment

Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Amphibia > Order: Urodela > Family: Proteidae > Genus: Proteus > Species: Proteus anguinus

Olm - Proteus anguinus Laurenti, 1768

Images from the web

Quick facts


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013 assessments.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
SI3000048 Slovenia Dobličica Map
SI3000052 Slovenia Kotarjeva prepadna Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
SI3000053 Slovenia Izviri Sušice Map
SI3000170 Slovenia Krška jama Map
SI3000129 Slovenia Rinža Map
SI3000232 Slovenia Notranjski trikotnik Map
SI3000174 Slovenia Mrzla jama pri Prestranku Map
SI3000188 Slovenia Ajdovska planota Map
SI3000187 Slovenia Petanjska jama Map
SI3000203 Slovenia Kompoljska jama - Potiskavec Map
SI3000171 Slovenia Radensko polje - Viršnica Map
SI3000130 Slovenia Kozja luknja Map
SI3000227 Slovenia Krka Map
SI3000204 Slovenia Globočec Map
SI3000207 Slovenia Podpeška jama Map
SI3000055 Slovenia Stobe - Breg Map
SI3000255 Slovenia Trnovski gozd - Nanos Map
SI3000263 Slovenia Kočevsko Map
SI3000231 Slovenia Javorniki - Snežnik Map
SI3000202 Slovenia Vir pri Stični Map
IT3340006 Italy Carso Triestino e Goriziano Map
SI3000075 Slovenia Lahinja Map
SI3000271 Slovenia Ljubljansko barje Map
SI3000157 Slovenia Bobnova jama Map
SI3000276 Slovenia Kras Map
SI3000062 Slovenia Gradac Map
SI3000009 Slovenia Lučka jama Map
HR2000633 Croatia Crnačko polje Map
HR2001133 Croatia Ponor Bregi Map
HR2000592 Croatia Ogulinsko-plaščansko područje Map
HR2001352 Croatia Mosor Map
HR2001128 Croatia Antić špilja Map
HR5000031 Croatia Delta Neretve Map
HR2001449 Croatia Izvor Dropulića vrilo Map
HR2001239 Croatia Rudnik ugljena, Raša Map
HR2001126 Croatia Rokina bezdana Map
HR2001321 Croatia Jasena ponor Map
HR2000648 Croatia Drežničko polje Map
HR2000634 Croatia Stajničko polje Map
HR2001238 Croatia Bušotina za vodu, Rakonik Map
HR2000918 Croatia Šire područje NP Krka Map
HR2001127 Croatia Markarova špilja Map
HR2001242 Croatia Izvor Vir Map
HR2001241 Croatia Jama Golubinka Map
HR2001046 Croatia Matica-Vrgoračko polje Map
HR2000100 Croatia Pincinova jama Map
SI3000338 Slovenia Krka s pritoki Map

Protected sites

Legal status

Legal text Annex Geographical and other restrictions More information
Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora - consolidated version 01/01/2007 (EU Habitats Directive) Annex II: animal and plant species of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation.
Annex IV: animal and plant species of community interest in need of strict protection.
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) Annex II: strictly protected fauna species
Revised Annex I of Resolution 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention on species requiring specific habitat conservation measures

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Cloveska ribica Slovenian Gasc J.P. and al.
Covjecja ribica Croatian Gasc J.P. and al.
Grottenolm German Gasc J.P. and al.
Hulepadde Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Olm Dutch EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Olm English EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Olm German Gasc J.P. and al.
Protée anguillard French Gasc J.P. and al.
Proteo Italian Gasc J.P. and al.
Proteo Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Proteus English Gasc J.P. and al.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100