Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Reptilia > Order: Squamata > Family: Viperidae > Genus: Vipera > Species: Vipera xanthina

Coastal viper - Vipera xanthina (Gray, 1849)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Mediterranean - Unknown
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 1 other international agreement
Most preferred habitats
  • grassland
  • heathland and shrub
May also occur in
  • sparsely vegetated land
Natura 2000 species code 1294


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Not evaluated


Least Concern


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Bergotter German Gasc J.P. and al.
Coastal viper English Gasc J.P. and al.
Seritli engerek Turkish Gasc J.P. and al.
Vipère ottomane French Gasc J.P. and al.
Synonym Author
Vipera xanthena (Gray, 1849)
Daboia xanthina Gray, 1849

Other resources

Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF search Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

2 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2015-07-31 Greece Habitats Directive Article 17 29_12_2014 submission GR GR_species_reports-15723-10453.xml
2008-02-21 Greece Hellas Species questionnaire for Vipera xanthina
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100