Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Artiodactyla > Family: Bovidae > Genus: Ovibos > Species: Ovibos moschatus > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Ovibos moschatus wardii Lydekker, 1900 Fauna Europaea (2005)

Musk ox - Ovibos moschatus (Zimmermann, 1780)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Not evaluated (IUCN)
Protected by 1 international agreement
Reported as invasive by NOBANIS
Most preferred habitats
  • heathland and shrub
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code 2026


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Least Concern


Not evaluated


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Avijautis Lithuanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bison Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Boi-almiscarado Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Boul moscat Romanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bue muschiato Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Buey almizclado Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bœuf musqué French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Moschusochse German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Moškatno govedo Slovenian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Moskusfe Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Moskusokse Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Mošusno govedo Croatian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Musk ox English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Muskusos Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Muskusveis Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Myskihärkä Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Myskoxe Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Pézsmatulok Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Sauðnaut Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Bos moschatus Zimmermann, 1780
Ovibos moschatus wardi Lydekker, 1900

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100