Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Galliformes > Family: Phasianidae > Genus: Alectoris > Species: Alectoris chukar

Chukar - Alectoris chukar (Gray, 1830)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Near Threatened (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 1 other international agreement
Reported as invasive by NOBANIS
Breeding habitats
  • heathland and shrub
  • sparsely vegetated land
Natura 2000 species code A411

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
CY4000016 Cyprus FARANGIA AGIAS AIKATERINIS - AGIAS PARASKEVIS Map
CY2000013 Cyprus PERIOCHI TZIONIA Map
GR3000015 Greece OROS YMITTOS Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Aziatische Steenpatrijs Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Berghöna Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Chukar English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Chukarhuhn German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Coturnice orientale Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Csukár Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kuropatwa górska Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Perdiz Chucar Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Perdiz-chukar Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Perdrix choukar French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Vuoripyy Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Synonym Author
Perdix chukar Gray, 1830
Alectoris graeca chukar (Gray, 1830)

Other resources

EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:03550 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF search Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

16 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Armenia 6500/14000 (pairs) 1997-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Azerbaijan 8000/25000 (pairs) 1996-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Azerbaijan 30000/100000 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 1500/3000 (pairs) 1995-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 1000/10000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Croatia 10/100 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Cyprus 100000/200000 (pairs) 1991-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Cyprus Mediterranean 100000/200000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Georgia 30000/100000 (pairs) 1994-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 26000/26000 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 10000/10000 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece Mediterranean 1000/5000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Russian Federation 2000/7000 (pairs) 1995-2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 500000/1500000 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 50000/200000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Ukraine 2000/2500 (pairs) 1995-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

16 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Armenia 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Croatia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Cyprus 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Cyprus Mediterranean 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Georgia 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece Mediterranean 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 30% to 49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Ukraine 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 10% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

7 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 For the activity in question, a limit was not given for the number of individuals (birds) which could be ringed. Capture (ringing) In view of the fact that the birds are all released back into the wild after ringing, Malta does not envisage that this activity would impact the population.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 For the activity in question, a limit was not given for the number of individuals (birds) which could be ringed. Capture (ringing) In view of the fact that the birds are all released back into the wild after ringing, Malta does not envisage that this activity would impact the population.
Malta 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 For the activity in question, a limit was not given for the number of individuals (birds) which could be ringed. Capture (ringing) In view of the fact that the birds are all released back into the wild after ringing, Malta does not envisage that this activity would impact the population.
Malta 2011-02-03 2011-12-31 For the activity in question, a limit was not given for the number of individuals (birds) which could be ringed. Capture (ringing) In view of the fact that the birds are all released back into the wild after ringing, Malta does not envisage that this activity would impact the population.
Bulgaria 2010-03-01 2011-12-31 The permit allows 1000 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Bulgaria 2010-03-01 2011-12-31 The permit allows 1000 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Malta 2010-01-01 2010-12-31 For the activity in question, a limit was not given for the number of individuals (birds) which could be ringed. Capture (ringing) In view of the fact that the birds are all released back into the wild after ringing, Malta does not envisage that this activity would impact the population.
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100