Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Reptilia > Order: Squamata > Family: Viperidae > Genus: Macrovipera > Species: Macrovipera lebetina

Levant viper - Macrovipera lebetina (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by 1 international agreement
Most preferred habitats
  • heathland and shrub
May also occur in
  • grassland
  • sparsely vegetated land
Natura 2000 species code 5710


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action

Protected sites

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Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (Vipera lebetina)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Levant viper English Gasc J.P. and al.
Levanteotter German Gasc J.P. and al.
Vipère du Levant French Gasc J.P. and al.
Vipère lébétine French Gasc J.P. and al.
West-Asian blunt-nosed viper English Gasc J.P. and al.
Synonym Author
Coluber lebetina Linnaeus, 1758
Vipera lebetina Daudin, 1803
Daboia lebetina Obst, 1983

Other resources

Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF search Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100