Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Syngnathiformes > Family: Syngnathidae > Genus: Hippocampus > Species: Hippocampus hippocampus

Sea horse - Hippocampus hippocampus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Data Deficient (IUCN)
Protected by 5 international agreements
Natura 2000 species code 2538


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora)
Barcelona Convention Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SPA/BD Protocol)
Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic ("OSPAR Convention") (OSPAR Convention)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Caballito de mar Spanish Fishbase
Caballo marino Spanish Fishbase
Cabalo de mar Spanish Fishbase
Cavalo-marinho Portuguese Fishbase
Hippocampe à museau court French Fishbase
Kale deti Albanian Fishbase
Kratkonosi morski konjiček Slovenian Fishbase
Plawikonik Polish Fishbase
Sea horse English Fishbase
Sea-horse English Fishbase
Short-snouted Seahorse English Fishbase
Zeepaardje Dutch Fishbase
Ziemel Maltese Fishbase
Ziemel tal-bahar Maltese Fishbase
Ziemel tal-bahar halqu qasir Maltese Fishbase
Synonym Author
Syngnathus hippocampus Linnaeus, 1758
Hippocampus heptagonus Rafinesque, 1810
Hippocampus antiquorum Leach, 1814
Hippocampus antiquus Risso, 1826
Hippocampus brevirostris Cuvier, 1829
Hippocampus europaeus Ginsburb, 1933
Hippocampus brevirostris Schinz, 1822
Hippocampus punctulatus (non Guienchot, 1853)
Hippocampus pentagonus Rafinesque, 1810
Hippocampus vulgaris Cloquet, 1821

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100