Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Anseriformes > Family: Anatidae > Genus: Polysticta > Species: Polysticta stelleri

Steller's Eider - Polysticta stelleri (Pallas, 1769)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 7 other international agreements
Reported as invasive by NOBANIS
Wintering habitats
  • coastal
Natura 2000 species code A506

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
EE0040428 Estonia Koorunõmme Map
EE0040432 Estonia Küdema lahe Map
EE0040476 Estonia Tagamõisa Map
EE0040496 Estonia Vilsandi Map
FI0200075 Finland Gummandooran saaristo Map
FI0200152 Finland Seksmiilarin saaristo Map
FI0200164 Finland Saaristomeri Map
FI0800132 Finland Luodon saaristo Map
FI1102200 Finland Liminganlahti Map
FI1200101 Finland Kuluntajärvi Map
FI1300302 Finland Perämeren saaret Map
FI1400058 Finland Lågskär Map
LV0303500 Latvia Pape Map
FI0100105 Finland Kirkkonummen saaristo (SPA) Map
LTPALB001 Lithuania Baltijos jūros priekrantė Map
FI1400091 Finland Båtskären (Nyhamn) Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc....ckColorLogged=FDC864

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) http://www.cms.int/
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (AEWA) http://www.migratoryspecies....ent/about-cms-family

http://www.unep-aewa.org/en/legalinstrument/aewa
Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic ("OSPAR Convention") (OSPAR Convention) http://www.ospar.org/content...240000_000000_000000
Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area (Helsinki Convention) http://www.helcom.fi/action-areas/species-and-habitats

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Alförrädare Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Allihaahka Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Birginiak Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Edredone di Steller Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Eider Chico Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Eider de Steller French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Eider de Steller Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Scheckente German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Steller's Eider English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Steller-pehelyréce Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Stellera pukpile Latvian Latvian NRC
Stellers Eidereend Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Synonym Author
Anas stelleri Pallas, 1769

Other resources

Bird action plan
CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:02090 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

17 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Denmark 5/25 (individuals) - Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Estonia 2500/6000 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia Boreal 1500/5000 (individuals) - Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Finland 150/500 (individuals) 1999-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 100/500 (individuals) 1992 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Latvia 0/20 (individuals) 1990-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Latvia Boreal 5/500 (individuals) - Wintering No qualification Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Lithuania 400/600 (individuals) 1992-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Lithuania Boreal 200/400 (individuals) 1989 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Norway 4000/13000 (individuals) 1980-2003 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 8000/15000 (individuals) - Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Poland 0/80 (individuals) - Wintering No qualification Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Russian Federation 5/50 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 640/640 (individuals) 1997 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 4000/10000 (individuals) - Wintering No qualification Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Sweden 5/20 (individuals) 1998-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 100/500 (individuals) 1989 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

17 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Denmark 1970-1990 Wintering New breeder within the period Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia Boreal 1970-1990 Wintering Large increase of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Finland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1970-1990 Wintering Large increase of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Latvia 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia Boreal 1970-1990 Wintering Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Lithuania 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania Boreal 1970-1990 Wintering Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Norway 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 50% to 79% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1970-1990 Wintering Stable, or change of less than 20% No qualification Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Poland 1970-1990 Wintering Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1970-1990 Wintering Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Sweden 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1970-1990 Wintering Large increase of at least 50% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Source: BirdLife International
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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