Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Anseriformes > Family: Anatidae > Genus: Polysticta > Species: Polysticta stelleri

Steller's Eider - Polysticta stelleri (Pallas, 1769)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU Population status
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 7 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 16 are designated for this species
Wintering habitats
  • coastal
Natura 2000 species code A506


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
EE0040428 Estonia Koorunõmme Map
EE0040432 Estonia Küdema lahe Map
EE0040476 Estonia Tagamõisa Map
EE0040496 Estonia Vilsandi Map
FI0200075 Finland Gummandooran saaristo Map
FI0200152 Finland Seksmiilarin saaristo Map
FI0200164 Finland Saaristomeri Map
FI0800132 Finland Luodon saaristo Map
FI1102200 Finland Liminganlahti Map
FI1200101 Finland Kuluntajärvi Map
FI1300302 Finland Perämeren saaret Map
FI1400058 Finland Lågskär Map
LV0303500 Latvia Pape Map
FI0100105 Finland Kirkkonummen saaristo (SPA) Map
LTPALB001 Lithuania Baltijos jūros priekrantė Map
FI1400091 Finland Båtskären (Nyhamn) Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention)

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention)
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (AEWA) http://www.migratoryspecies....ent/about-cms-family
Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic ("OSPAR Convention") (OSPAR Convention)
Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area (Helsinki Convention)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Alförrädare Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Allihaahka Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Birginiak Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Edredone di Steller Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Eider Chico Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Eider de Steller French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Eider de Steller Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Scheckente German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Steller's Eider English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Steller-pehelyréce Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Stellera pukpile Latvian Latvian NRC
Stellers Eidereend Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Synonym Author
Anas stelleri Pallas, 1769

Other resources

Bird action plan
CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:02090 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Polysticta stelleri European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100