Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Charadriiformes > Family: Laridae > Genus: Pagophila > Species: Pagophila eburnea

Ivory Gull - Pagophila eburnea (Phipps, 1774)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by 3 international agreements
Natura 2000 species code A519

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Elfenbeinmöwe German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gabbiano eburneo Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gaivota-marfim Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gaviota Marfileña Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Hósirály Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Ismåke Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Ismås Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Ivoormeeuw Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Ivory Gull English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Jäälokki Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mewa modrodzioba Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mouette ivoire French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Synonym Author
Larus eburneus Phipps, 1774

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:06040 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

6 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Denmark Arctic 100/200 (pairs) 1983 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 500/1000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 100/1000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway Arctic 237/0 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Russian Federation 2500/10000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 1000/1500 (pairs) 1984-1988 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

6 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Denmark Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Source: BirdLife International
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