Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Passeriformes > Family: Fringillidae > Genus: Loxia > Species: Loxia leucoptera

Two-barred Crossbill - Loxia leucoptera Gmelin, 1789

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 1 other international agreement
Breeding habitats
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code A544

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Bändelkorsnäbb Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Bec-croisé bifascié French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Bindenkreuzschnabel German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Crociere fasciato Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Cruza-bico-franjado Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kirjosiipikäpylintu Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Piquituerto Franjeado Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Two-barred Crossbill English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Witbandkruisbek Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:16650 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

6 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Estonia 0/500 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 1000/20000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 0/500 (pairs) 1990-2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 1000000/2850000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 0/5 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 500/5000 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

6 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 50 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating : 80 % Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International
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