Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Falconiformes > Family: Accipitridae > Genus: Aquila > Species: Aquila clanga

Spotted Eagle - Aquila clanga Pallas, 1811

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Endangered (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 7 other international agreements
Breeding habitats
  • wetlands
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code A090

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
EE0080373 Estonia Emajõe suudmeala ja Piirissaare Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
FR3110038 France Estuaire de la Canche Map
FR4112002 France Etangs du Lindre, forêt de Romersberg et zones voisines Map
FR5210103 France Estuaire de la Loire Map
FR7210077 France Barthes de l'Adour Map
FR9110108 France Basse plaine de l'Aude Map
FR9310019 France Camargue Map
FR9312001 France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône Map
GR1110002 Greece DASOS DADIAS - SOUFLI Map
GR1110006 Greece DELTA EVROU Map
GR1110008 Greece PARAPOTAMIO DASOS VOREIOU EVROU KAI ARDA Map
GR1110009 Greece NOTIO DASIKO SYMPLEGMA EVROU Map
GR1120004 Greece STENA NESTOU Map
GR1130010 Greece LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA Map
GR1150001 Greece DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA Map
GR1220010 Greece DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS Map
GR1260008 Greece TECHNITI LIMNI KERKINIS - OROS KROUSIA Map
GR1260010 Greece OROS BELES Map
GR1420006 Greece OROS MAVROVOUNI Map
GR2110004 Greece AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA Map
GR2120005 Greece YGROTOPOS EKVOLON KALAMA KAI NISOS PRASOUDI Map
GR2230007 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA KORISSION (KERKYRA) KAI NISOS LAGOUDIA Map
GR2310015 Greece DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU KAI EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALAS, DYTIKOS ARAKYNTHOS KAI STENA KLEISOURAS Map
GR2320001 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA KALOGRIAS, DASOS STROFYLIAS KAI ELOS LAMIAS, ARAXOS Map
GR2440005 Greece KATO ROUS KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU POTAMOU Map
GR2540006 Greece YGROTOPOI EKVOLON EVROTA Map
GR2550008 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA GIALOVAS KAI NISOS SFAKTIRIA Map
GR4110007 Greece LESVOS: PARAKTIOI YGROTOPOI KOLPOU KALLONIS Map
GR4340020 Greece LIMNI AGIAS (CHANIA) Map
GR4340022 Greece LIMNI KOURNA KAI EKVOLI ALMYROU Map
IT1110019 Italy Baraccone (confluenza Po - Dora Baltea) Map
IT1120010 Italy Lame del Sesia e Isolone di Oldenico Map
IT1180002 Italy Torrente Orba Map
IT1180004 Italy Greto dello Scrivia Map
IT1180027 Italy Confluenza Po - Sesia - Tanaro Map
IT1314677 Italy Saccarello - Garlenda Map
IT2080301 Italy Boschi del Ticino Map
IT20A0004 Italy Le Bine Map
IT20B0005 Italy Torbiere di Marcaria Map
IT20B0008 Italy Paludi di Ostiglia Map
IT20B0010 Italy Vallazza Map
IT3250033 Italy Laguna di Caorle - Foce del Tagliamento Map
IT3250040 Italy Foce del Tagliamento Map
IT3250041 Italy Valle Vecchia - Zumelle - Valli di Bibione Map
IT3250042 Italy Valli Zignago - Perera - Franchetti - Nova Map
IT3320015 Italy Valle del Medio Tagliamento Map
IT3320037 Italy Laguna di Marano e Grado Map
IT3330005 Italy Foce dell'Isonzo - Isola della Cona Map
IT3330006 Italy Valle Cavanata e Banco Mula di Muggia Map
IT4020017 Italy Aree delle risorgive di Viarolo, Bacini di Torrile, Fascia golenale del Po Map
IT4020018 Italy Prati e Ripristini ambientali di Frescarolo e Samboseto Map
IT4040014 Italy Valli Mirandolesi Map
IT4050022 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Medicina e Molinella Map
IT4050023 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Budrio e Minerbio Map
IT4050024 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Bentivoglio, S. Pietro in Casale, Malalbergo e Baricella Map
IT4060001 Italy Valli di Argenta Map
IT4060002 Italy Valli di Comacchio Map
IT4060008 Italy Valle del Mezzano Map
IT4060015 Italy Bosco della Mesola, Bosco Panfilia, Bosco di Santa Giustina, Valle Falce, La Goara Map
IT4070001 Italy Punte Alberete, Valle Mandriole Map
IT4070002 Italy Bardello Map
IT4070009 Italy Ortazzo, Ortazzino, Foce del Torrente Bevano Map
IT4070021 Italy Biotopi di Alfonsine e Fiume Reno Map
IT5170002 Italy Selva Pisana Map
IT51A0013 Italy Padule della Trappola, Bocca d'Ombrone Map
IT51A0014 Italy Pineta Granducale dell'Uccellina Map
IT51A0033 Italy Lago di Burano Map
IT5320007 Italy Monte Conero Map
IT6040015 Italy Parco Nazionale del Circeo Map
ITA030011 Italy Dorsale Curcuraci, Antennamare Map
ITA050001 Italy Biviere e Macconi di Gela Map
LV0302900 Latvia Dvietes paliene Map
LV0303500 Latvia Pape Map
LV0502200 Latvia Orlovas (Erglu) purvs Map
PLB200002 Poland Puszcza Augustowska Map
SE0430089 Sweden Norra Fyledalen Map
IT2080023 Italy Garzaia di Cascina Villarasca Map
GR2110001 Greece AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) Map
PLH200005 Poland Ostoja Augustowska Map
BG0000270 Bulgaria Atanasovsko ezero Map
BG0002085 Bulgaria Chairya Map
GR1150010 Greece DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
IT9350300 Italy Costa Viola Map
ITA050012 Italy Torre Manfria, Biviere e Piana di Gela Map
IT1180028 Italy Fiume Po - tratto vercellese alessandrino Map
IT3250046 Italy Laguna di Venezia Map
GR1130009 Greece LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4110004 Greece LESVOS: KOLPOS KALLONIS KAI CHERSAIA PARAKTIA ZONI Map
BG0002041 Bulgaria Kompleks Ropotamo Map
IT20B0401 Italy Parco Regionale Oglio Sud Map
BG0002022 Bulgaria Yazovir Rozov kladenets Map
BG0002017 Bulgaria Kompleks Belenski ostrovi Map
BG0000496 Bulgaria Rilski manastir Map
IT1160060 Italy Altopiano di Bainale Map
BG0002003 Bulgaria Kresna Map
BG0002062 Bulgaria Ludogorie Map
GR2440002 Greece KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS Map
PLH200008 Poland Dolina Biebrzy Map
GR1220002 Greece DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI - AXIOUPOLI Map
BG0002029 Bulgaria Kotlenska planina Map
ITA030042 Italy Monti Peloritani, Dorsale Curcuraci, Antennamare e area marina dello stretto di Messina Map
BG0002048 Bulgaria Suha reka Map
GR2310001 Greece DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALAS Map
IT1331402 Italy Beigua - Monte Dente - Gargassa - Pavaglione Map
BG0002024 Bulgaria Ribarnitsi Mechka Map
BG0002058 Bulgaria Sinite kamani - Grebenets Map
IT2080501 Italy Risaie della Lomellina Map
PLB200006 Poland Ostoja Biebrzańska Map
BG0000273 Bulgaria Burgasko ezero Map
IT20B0016 Italy Ostiglia Map
BG0002001 Bulgaria Rayanovtsi Map
PLH200004 Poland Ostoja Wigierska Map
PLB140008 Poland Doliny Wkry i Mławki Map
IT9310052 Italy Casoni di Sibari Map
BG0000113 Bulgaria Vitosha Map
GR1110007 Greece DELTA EVROU KAI DYTIKOS VRACHIONAS Map
GR1260001 Greece LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO Map
GR1250004 Greece ALYKI KITROUS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
BG0000152 Bulgaria Pomoriysko ezero Map
ROSPA0028 Romania Dealurile Târnavelor - Valea Nirajului Map
ROSPA0009 Romania Beştepe - Mahmudia Map
ROSPA0032 Romania Deniz Tepe Map
ROSPA0091 Romania Pădurea Babadag Map
ROSPA0058 Romania Lacul Stânca Costeşti Map
ROSPA0073 Romania Măcin - Niculiţel Map
ROSPA0097 Romania Pescăria Cefa - Pădurea Rădvani Map
ROSPA0031 Romania Delta Dunării şi Complexul Razim - Sinoie Map
ROSPA0077 Romania Măxineni Map
ROSPA0027 Romania Dealurile Homoroadelor Map
ROSPA0008 Romania Băneasa - Canaraua Fetei Map
BG0002050 Bulgaria Durankulashko ezero Map
BG0002076 Bulgaria Mesta Map
BG0002043 Bulgaria Emine Map
BG0000156 Bulgaria Shablenski ezeren kompleks Map
BG0002044 Bulgaria Kamchiyska planina Map
BG0002061 Bulgaria Balchik Map
BG0002038 Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plato Map
BG0000271 Bulgaria Mandra - Poda Map
BG0002021 Bulgaria Sakar Map
LV0536600 Latvia Lubana mitrajs Map
GR1110010 Greece OREINOS EVROS - KOILADA DEREIOU Map
GR4110010 Greece NOTIODYTIKI CHERSONISOS, APOLITHOMENO DASOS LESVOU Map
GR2540008 Greece NOTIA MANI Map
GR1430007 Greece PERIOCHI TAMIEFTIRON PROIN LIMNIS KARLAS Map
GR3000016 Greece YGROTOPOS SCHINIA Map
GR1340008 Greece LIMNES ChEIMADITIDA KAI ZAZARI Map
AT1204V00 Austria Donau-Auen östlich von Wien Map
AT1202V00 Austria March-Thaya-Auen Map
ROSPA0143 Romania Tisa Superioară Map
IT51A0039 Italy Padule della Trappola, Bocca d'Ombrone Map
HR1000016 Croatia Podunavlje i donje Podravlje Map
HR1000004 Croatia Donja Posavina Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Falconiformes) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc....ckColorLogged=FDC864

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) (Clanga clanga) http://www.cms.int/
(Clanga clanga)
Memorandum of understanding on the conservation of migratory birds of prey in Africa and Eurasia - under Bonn Convention (MoU Raptors) http://www.cms.int/raptors/
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) (Falconiformes spp.) http://www.cites.org/eng
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...s/legislation_en.htm

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Aguia-gritadeira Portuguese EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Aguila Moteada Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Aigle criard French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Aquila anatraia maggiore Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Bastaardarend Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Fekete sas Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kiljukotka Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Orel volavý Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Orlik grubodzioby Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Schelladler German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Spotted Eagle English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Stor skrigeørn Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Större skrikörn Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Videjais erglis Latvian Latvian NRC
No synonyms available.

Other resources

Bird action plan
CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:02930 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

32 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 0/6 (individuals) 1995-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Azerbaijan 10/100 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belarus 150/200 (pairs) 1997-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belarus 10/15 (pairs) 1990 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Bulgaria 5/15 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 1/10 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 15/30 (pairs) 1998 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 0/1 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 0/2 (pairs) 1992 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
France 1/5 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 45/85 (individuals) 1997 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Hungary 2/6 (individuals) 2001-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 0/7 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Latvia 0/5 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Latvia Boreal 1/5 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Macedonia (FYR) 1/5 (individuals) 1999-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 0/0 (pairs) 1996-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 3/5 (pairs) 1990 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Poland 15/15 (pairs) 1998 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Poland 5/10 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Romania 6/40 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 0/2 (pairs) 1999-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 5/10 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Russian Federation 600/800 (pairs) 1996-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 800/1000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Serbia and Montenegro 2/5 (individuals) 1990-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovenia 0/2 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Switzerland 1/1 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 15/30 (individuals) 1991-2001 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 30/45 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 0/49 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 40/50 (pairs) 1988 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

32 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 50% to 79% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1970-1990 Breeding Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
France 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Hungary 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia Boreal 1970-1990 Breeding Large decrease of at least 50% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Macedonia (FYR) 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing but no trend value given Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Poland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Poland 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Romania 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Serbia and Montenegro 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovenia 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 0% to 100% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Source: BirdLife International
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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