Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Anseriformes > Family: Anatidae > Genus: Aythya > Species: Aythya marila

Scaup - Aythya marila (Linnaeus, 1761)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Vulnerable (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 4 other international agreements
Breeding habitats
  • rivers and lakes
  • sparsely vegetated land
Wintering habitats
  • coastal
  • marine inlets and transitional waters
Natura 2000 species code A062

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DE1326301 Germany NSG Schwansener See Map
DE1533301 Germany Staberhuk Map
DE1931301 Germany Ostseeküste am Brodtener Ufer Map
DE2031401 Germany Traveförde Map
DE2948401 Germany Schorfheide-Chorin Map
DE2951401 Germany Unteres Odertal Map
DE3513401 Germany Alfsee Map
DE3642401 Germany Rietzer See Map
DE5511401 Germany Engerser Feld Map
DE5818401 Germany Main bei Mühlheim und NSG 'Rumpenheimer und Bürgeler Kiesgruben' Map
DE5920401 Germany Bong'sche Grube und Mainflinger Mainufer Map
DE6013401 Germany Rheinaue Bingen-Ingelheim Map
DE6316401 Germany Lampertheimer Altrhein Map
DE6416401 Germany Bobenheimer und Roxheimer Altrhein mit Silbersee Map
DE6915402 Germany Wörther Altrhein und Wörther Rheinhafen Map
DE8133401 Germany Starnberger See Map
DE8220401 Germany Untersee des Bodensees Map
DE8220404 Germany Überlinger See des Bodensees Map
DK005X094 Denmark Sejrø Bugt og Nekselø Map
DK008X071 Denmark Sydfynske Øhav Map
DK008Z047 Denmark Lillebælt Map
DK009X064 Denmark Flensborg Fjord og Nybøl Nor Map
DK00DY036 Denmark Horsens Fjord og Endelave Map
DK00EY012 Denmark Løgstør Bredning, Livø, Feggesund og Skarrehage Map
DK00FX002 Denmark Ålborg Bugt, nordlige del Map
DK00FY015 Denmark Randers og Mariager Fjorde og Ålborg Bugt, sydlige del Map
EE0010173 Estonia Lahemaa Map
EE0040001 Estonia Väinamere Map
EE0040201 Estonia Nõva-Osmussaare Map
EE0040346 Estonia Pärnu lahe Map
EE0040434 Estonia Kura kurgu Map
EE0040496 Estonia Vilsandi Map
EE0080172 Estonia Endla Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000027 Spain Laguna de Medina Map
ES0000143 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel y Ría de Ajo Map
ES0000272 Spain Brazo del Este Map
ES0000275 Spain Complejo endorreico Lebrija-Las Cabezas Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
ES6180002 Spain Complejo endorreico La Lantejuela Map
FI0100006 Finland Tulliniemen linnustonsuojelualue Map
FI0100062 Finland Vanhankaupunginlahden lintuvesi Map
FI0100074 Finland Porvoonjoen suisto-Stensböle Map
FI0100078 Finland Pernajanlahtien ja Pernajan saariston merensuojelualue Map
FI0200027 Finland Viurilanlahti Map
FI0200029 Finland Suomijärvi Map
FI0200030 Finland Omenajärvi Map
FI0200036 Finland Paimionlahti Map
FI0200041 Finland Kulju Map
FI0200043 Finland Sjölax Map
FI0200044 Finland Lautvesi Map
FI0200058 Finland Kuusistonlahti Map
FI0200072 Finland Uudenkaupungin saaristo Map
FI0200074 Finland Luvian saaristo Map
FI0200075 Finland Gummandooran saaristo Map
FI0200089 Finland Mietoistenlahti Map
FI0200150 Finland Oukkulanlahti Map
FI0200151 Finland Preiviikinlahti (SPA) Map
FI0200152 Finland Seksmiilarin saaristo Map
FI0200161 Finland Pyhäjärvi Map
FI0200164 Finland Saaristomeri Map
FI0303007 Finland Lehijärvi Map
FI0303017 Finland Vanajaveden lintualueet Map
FI0326003 Finland Ahtialanjärvi Map
FI0401002 Finland Haapajärvi-Säärystenjärvi Map
FI0408001 Finland Itäisen Suomenlahden saaristo ja vedet Map
FI0411003 Finland Kaislanen Map
FI0414004 Finland Tuorusjärvi Map
FI0416006 Finland Heinlahti Map
FI0425001 Finland Lupinlahti Map
FI0427004 Finland Salajärvi-Ryönänlahti Map
FI0500006 Finland Juurikkasuo - Vehka- ja Uuhilampi Map
FI0600051 Finland Maaningan lintujärvet Map
FI0600052 Finland Riistaveden lintujärvet Map
FI0600053 Finland Ruokojärvi ja Mula Map
FI0600056 Finland Iisalmen lintuvedet Map
FI0700009 Finland Peijonniemenlahti Map
FI0800054 Finland Petolahdenjokisuisto Map
FI0800130 Finland Merenkurkun saaristo Map
FI0800132 Finland Luodon saaristo Map
FI0800134 Finland Kristiinankaupungin saaristo Map
FI0800135 Finland Närpiön saaristo Map
FI0900075 Finland Suonteen pohjoisosa Map
FI0900077 Finland Onkisalo-Herjaanselkä Map
FI0900078 Finland Edessalo-Haukkasalo Map
FI0900079 Finland Vanhanselkä-Ruppavuori Map
FI1100201 Finland Hailuoto, pohjoisranta Map
FI1100202 Finland Kirkkosalmi Map
FI1100203 Finland Isomatala-Maasyvänlahti Map
FI1100204 Finland Ojakylänlahti ja Kengänkari Map
FI1101642 Finland Torankijärvi Map
FI1102200 Finland Liminganlahti Map
FI1103000 Finland Kempeleenlahden ranta Map
FI1103200 Finland Akionlahti Map
FI1103400 Finland Olkijokisuu-Pattijoen pohjoishaara Map
FI1104201 Finland Parhalahti-Syölätinlahti ja Heinikarinlampi Map
FI1104202 Finland Rajalahti-Perilahti Map
FI1104600 Finland Raahen saaristo Map
FI1105201 Finland Säärenperä ja Karinkannanmatala Map
FI1105202 Finland Siikajoen lintuvedet ja suot Map
FI1300101 Finland Pallas-Ounastunturi Map
FI1300105 Finland KÄSIVARREN ERÄMAA Map
FI1300201 Finland LEMMENJOEN KANSALLISPUISTO Map
FI1300211 Finland Ivalojokisuisto Map
FI1300302 Finland Perämeren saaret Map
FI1300601 Finland PULJUN ERÄMAA Map
FI1300701 Finland Teuravuoma-Kivijärvenvuoma Map
FI1301706 Finland Viiankiaapa Map
FI1302001 Finland Kevo Map
FI1302002 Finland KALDOAIVIN ERÄMAA Map
FR2110001 France Lacs de la forêt d'Orient Map
FR2110002 France Lac du Der Map
FR2310044 France Estuaire et marais de la Basse Seine Map
FR2512001 France Littoral augeron Map
FR3110039 France Platier d'Oye Map
FR3110085 France Cap Gris-Nez Map
FR4110007 France Lac de Madine et étangs de Pannes Map
FR4112002 France Etangs du Lindre, forêt de Romersberg et zones voisines Map
FR4211810 France Vallée du Rhin de Strasbourg à Marckolsheim Map
FR4211811 France Vallée du Rhin de Lauterbourg à Strasbourg Map
FR4211812 France Vallée du Rhin d'Artzenheim à Village-Neuf Map
FR5210008 France Lac de Grand Lieu Map
FR5210090 France Marais salants de Guérande, traicts du Croisic, dunes de Pen Bron Map
FR5310056 France Baie d'Audierne Map
FR5310074 France Baie de Vilaine Map
FR5410012 France Anse du Fier d'Ars en Ré Map
FR5410028 France Marais de Brouage, Ile d'Oléron Map
FR8310079 France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais Map
FR9310019 France Camargue Map
GR1110006 Greece DELTA EVROU Map
GR1130010 Greece LIMNES VISTONIS, ISMARIS - LIMNOTHALASSES PORTO LAGOS, ALYKI PTELEA, XIROLIMNI, KARATZA Map
GR1150001 Greece DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS KAI NISOS THASOPOULA Map
GR1220009 Greece LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
GR1220010 Greece DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS Map
GR2320001 Greece LIMNOTHALASSA KALOGRIAS, DASOS STROFYLIAS KAI ELOS LAMIAS, ARAXOS Map
GR2540006 Greece YGROTOPOI EKVOLON EVROTA Map
GR4110006 Greece LIMNOS: LIMNES CHORTAROLIMNI KAI ALYKI, KOLPOS MOUDROU, ELOS DIAPORI KAI CHERSONISOS FAKOS Map
IE0000138 Ireland Durnesh Lough SAC Map
IE0000268 Ireland Galway Bay Complex SAC Map
IE0000343 Ireland Castlemaine Harbour SAC Map
IE0000781 Ireland Slaney River Valley SAC Map
IE0002070 Ireland Tralee Bay and Magharees Peninsula, West to Cloghane SAC Map
IE0002165 Ireland Lower River Shannon SAC Map
IE0002287 Ireland Lough Swilly SAC Map
IE0004009 Ireland Lady's Island Lake SPA Map
IE0004029 Ireland Castlemaine Harbour SPA Map
IE0004031 Ireland Inner Galway Bay SPA Map
IE0004052 Ireland Carrowmore Lake SPA Map
IE0004075 Ireland Lough Swilly SPA Map
IE0004076 Ireland Wexford Harbour and Slobs SPA Map
IE0004077 Ireland River Shannon and River Fergus Estuaries SPA Map
IT1110020 Italy Lago di Viverone Map
IT1150004 Italy Canneti di Dormelletto Map
IT1160003 Italy Oasi di Crava Morozzo Map
IT2020005 Italy Lago di Alserio Map
IT2040022 Italy Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna Map
IT2070020 Italy Torbiere d'Iseo Map
IT2080301 Italy Boschi del Ticino Map
IT20B0009 Italy Valli del Mincio Map
IT3120055 Italy Lago di Toblino Map
IT3210003 Italy Laghetto del Frassino Map
IT3210018 Italy Basso Garda Map
IT3230047 Italy Lago di Santa Croce Map
IT3250041 Italy Valle Vecchia - Zumelle - Valli di Bibione Map
IT3250042 Italy Valli Zignago - Perera - Franchetti - Nova Map
IT3320037 Italy Laguna di Marano e Grado Map
IT3330006 Italy Valle Cavanata e Banco Mula di Muggia Map
IT4050022 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Medicina e Molinella Map
IT4060001 Italy Valli di Argenta Map
IT4060002 Italy Valli di Comacchio Map
IT4060003 Italy Vene di Bellocchio, Sacca di Bellocchio, Foce del Fiume Reno, Pineta di Bellocchio Map
IT9220144 Italy Lago S. Giuliano e Timmari Map
NL1000015 Netherlands Haringvliet Map
NL4000017 Netherlands Voordelta Map
NL9801001 Netherlands Waddenzee Map
NL9802001 Netherlands Noordzeekustzone Map
NL9803028 Netherlands IJsselmeer Map
NL9803029 Netherlands Markermeer & IJmeer Map
PLB040003 Poland Dolina Dolnej Wisły Map
PLB220004 Poland Ujście Wisły Map
PLB220005 Poland Zatoka Pucka Map
PLB280003 Poland Jezioro Łuknajno Map
PLB280010 Poland Zalew Wiślany Map
PLB320003 Poland Dolina Dolnej Odry Map
PLB320006 Poland Jezioro Świdwie Map
PLB320009 Poland Zalew Szczeciński Map
SE0230126 Sweden Svensksundsviken Map
SE0340017 Sweden Närsholmen Map
SE0410041 Sweden Torhamn-Hästholmen Map
SE0410046 Sweden Bräkne-Hoby skärgård Map
SE0410047 Sweden Björkeskärven Map
SE0410050 Sweden Gräsör m fl öar Map
SE0410051 Sweden Abramsäng Map
SE0520055 Sweden Torsviken Map
SE0710016 Sweden Långharsholmen Map
SE0710152 Sweden Stornäset Map
SE0820042 Sweden Gammelstadsviken Map
SE0820167 Sweden Muddus Map
UK9004411 United Kingdom Firth of Forth Map
UK9005012 United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes Map
UK9005103 United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries Map
UK9006111 United Kingdom Humber Estuary Map
UK9009121 United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries Map
DE1633491 Germany Ostsee östlich Wagrien Map
IT2040042 Italy Pian di Spagna e Lago di Mezzola Map
IT9110015 Italy Duna e Lago di Lesina - Foce del Fortore Map
SKUEV0313 Slovakia Devínske jazero Map
FR7412002 France Étang des Landes Map
FR4112009 France Forêts et étangs d'Argonne et vallée de l'Ornain Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
DE1123491 Germany Flensburger Förde Map
PLH040012 Poland Nieszawska Dolina Wisły Map
SKUEV0116 Slovakia Jakubovské rybníky Map
PLH280007 Poland Zalew Wiślany i Mierzeja Wiślana Map
PLH220032 Poland Zatoka Pucka i Półwysep Helski Map
BG0002046 Bulgaria Yatata Map
FR2612008 France Étang de Galetas Map
BG0002114 Bulgaria Ribarnitsi Chelopechene Map
GR1220001 Greece LIMNES VOLVI KAI LAGKADA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
FI0100105 Finland Kirkkonummen saaristo (SPA) Map
DE5314450 Germany Hoher Westerwald Map
GR1130009 Greece LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
BG0002041 Bulgaria Kompleks Ropotamo Map
IT9110037 Italy Laghi di Lesina e Varano Map
IT9110005 Italy Zone umide della Capitanata Map
BG0002017 Bulgaria Kompleks Belenski ostrovi Map
FR8212020 France Lac Léman Map
SKUEV0168 Slovakia Horný les Map
IT9110001 Italy Isola e Lago di Varano Map
EE0010129 Estonia Pakri Map
SKUEV0124 Slovakia Bogdalický vrch Map
GR1220002 Greece DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI - AXIOUPOLI Map
DE5914450 Germany Inselrhein Map
GR2310001 Greece DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALAS Map
BG0002024 Bulgaria Ribarnitsi Mechka Map
ES6150014 Spain Marismas y Riberas del Tinto Map
SKUEV0314 Slovakia Morava Map
DE2751421 Germany Randow-Welse-Bruch Map
IT3340006 Italy Carso Triestino e Goriziano Map
DE1530491 Germany Östliche Kieler Bucht Map
DE5519401 Germany Wetterau Map
FR5212009 France Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts Map
IT3230088 Italy Fiume Piave dai Maserot alle grave di Pederobba Map
IT20B0017 Italy Ansa e Valli del Mincio Map
PLH320018 Poland Ujście Odry i Zalew Szczeciński Map
FR3112003 France Marais Audomarois Map
IT9110038 Italy Paludi presso il Golfo di Manfredonia Map
PLH220033 Poland Dolna Wisła Map
ES6150019 Spain Bajo Guadalquivir Map
GR1110007 Greece DELTA EVROU KAI DYTIKOS VRACHIONAS Map
DE3542421 Germany Mittlere Havelniederung Map
BG0002095 Bulgaria Gorni Dabnik - Telish Map
IT2010502 Italy Canneti del Lago Maggiore Map
SKUEV0161 Slovakia Suchohradské alúvium Moravy Map
BG0000152 Bulgaria Pomoriysko ezero Map
ROSPA0018 Romania Cheile Bicazului - Hăşmaş Map
ROSPA0058 Romania Lacul Stânca Costeşti Map
ROSPA0110 Romania Acumulările Rogojesti - Bucecea Map
ROSPA0062 Romania Lacurile de acumulare de pe Argeş Map
ROSPA0063 Romania Lacurile de acumulare Buhuşi - Bacău - Bereşti Map
DE4639451 Germany Leipziger Auwald Map
DE4342452 Germany Elbaue und Teichgebiete bei Torgau Map
DE4754451 Germany Talsperre Quitzdorf Map
DE4545452 Germany Elbtal zwischen Schöna und Mühlberg Map
DE4747451 Germany Moritzburger Kleinkuppenlandschaft Map
DE1446401 Germany Binnenbodden von Rügen Map
DE4642451 Germany Wermsdorfer Teich- und Waldgebiet Map
DE4740451 Germany Rückhaltebecken Stöhna Map
DE4340451 Germany Vereinigte Mulde Map
DE1934401 Germany Wismarbucht und Salzhaff Map
DE6606310 Germany Rastgebiete im mittleren Saartal Map
DE4554451 Germany Teichgebiete Niederspree-Hammerstadt Map
DE4941451 Germany Eschefelder Teiche Map
DE4840452 Germany Speicherbecken Borna und Teichgebiet Haselbach Map
DE1542401 Germany Vorpommersche Boddenlandschaft und nördlicher Strelasund Map
DE5537451 Germany Vogtländische Pöhle und Täler Map
DE4752452 Germany Spreeniederung Malschwitz Map
DE2642401 Germany Müritz-Seenland und Neustrelitzer Kleinseenplatte Map
DE4651451 Germany Doberschützer Wasser Map
DE4552451 Germany Biosphärenreservat Oberlausitzer Heide- und Teichlandschaft Map
DE4439452 Germany Agrarraum und Bergbaufolgelandschaft bei Delitzsch Map
DE2250471 Germany Kleines Haff, Neuwarper See und Riether Werder Map
DE4648452 Germany Teiche bei Zschorna Map
DE1747402 Germany Greifswalder Bodden und südlicher Strelasund Map
DE4450451 Germany Bergbaufolgelandschaft bei Hoyerswerda Map
DE4940451 Germany Bergbaufolgelandschaft Haselbach Map
DE5145451 Germany Großhartmannsdorfer Großteich Map
DE4647451 Germany Mittleres Rödertal Map
DE4546451 Germany Unteres Rödertal Map
DE5237420 Germany Auma-Aue mit Wolcheteiche und Struthbach-Niederung Map
BG0002050 Bulgaria Durankulashko ezero Map
BG0002043 Bulgaria Emine Map
BG0000156 Bulgaria Shablenski ezeren kompleks Map
BG0002077 Bulgaria Bakarlaka Map
BG0000271 Bulgaria Mandra - Poda Map
BG0002045 Bulgaria Kompleks Kamchia Map
PLH260032 Poland Ostoja Sobkowsko-Korytnicka Map
PLH180020 Poland Dolina Dolnego Sanu Map
PLH040039 Poland Włocławska Dolina Wisły Map
PLH260034 Poland Ostoja Szaniecko-Solecka Map
FR5212014 France Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf Map
ES6180017 Spain Campiñas de Sevilla Map
IE0004145 Ireland Durnesh Lough SPA Map
AT2119000 Austria Gut Walterskirchen Map
AT1301000 Austria Nationalpark Donau-Auen (Wiener Teil) Map
AT3209022 Austria Salzachauen, Salzburg Map
AT1202V00 Austria March-Thaya-Auen Map
AT3402000 Austria Rheindelta Map
ROSPA0123 Romania Lacurile de acumulare de pe Crişul Repede Map
ROSPA0130 Romania Maţa - Cârja - Rădeanu Map
ROSPA0125 Romania Lacurile Vaduri şi Pângăraţi Map
IE0004188 Ireland Tralee Bay Complex SPA Map
LV0900200 Latvia Akmensrags Map
NL9802018 Netherlands Haringvliet Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Birds not included in Appendix II) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) (Migratory species of Anatidae) http://www.cms.int/
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (AEWA) http://www.migratoryspecies....ent/about-cms-family

http://www.unep-aewa.org/en/legalinstrument/aewa
Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area (Helsinki Convention) http://www.helcom.fi/action-areas/species-and-habitats

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Bergand Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Bergand Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Bergente German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Fuligule milouinan French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Hegyi réce Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lapasotka Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Moretta grigia Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
podgorzalka Polish Polish NRC
Polák kaholka Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Porrón Bastardo Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Scaup English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Toppereend Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Zarro-bastardo Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:02040 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

66 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 1/6 (individuals) 1995-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Austria 72/131 (individuals) 1997-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Austria 11/11 (individuals) 1991 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Azerbaijan 1500/6500 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belgium 0/30 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belgium 20/90 (individuals) 1985-1991 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Bulgaria 1/162 (individuals) 1997-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 0/100 (individuals) 1977-1989 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Croatia 11/100 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Czech Republic 1/50 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 9000/11000 (individuals) 1999-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 13000/39000 (individuals) 1987-1991 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Estonia 30/60 (pairs) 1998 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 100/500 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia Boreal 50/500 (individuals) - Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Finland 900/1100 (pairs) 1999-2001 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 10/50 (individuals) 1999-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 10/100 (individuals) 1992 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
France 2000/3045 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 1583/1583 (individuals) 1990 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Germany 5/5 (pairs) 1995-1999 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 20000/80000 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 30000/55000 (individuals) 1982 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Greece 0/7 (individuals) 1995-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece Mediterranean 5/50 (individuals) 1987-1991 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Hungary 5/30 (individuals) 1997-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Hungary Pannonian 22/22 (individuals) 1991 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Iceland 10/150 (individuals) 1978-1994 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 3000/5000 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland Arctic 50/150 (individuals) - Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Ireland 1464/3037 (individuals) 1994-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ireland Atlantic 2500/3000 (individuals) - Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Italy 200/400 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 100/2020 (individuals) - Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Latvia 0/200 (individuals) 1990-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Lithuania 0/10 (individuals) 1992-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Lithuania Boreal 30/40 (individuals) 1989 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 20/235 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands 53000/53000 (individuals) 1999-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands Atlantic 70000/130000 (individuals) 1979-1988 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Norway 1000/1500 (pairs) 1990-2003 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 500/2000 (individuals) 1993-1996 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 1000/1000 (individuals) - Wintering No qualification Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Poland 5000/15000 (individuals) 1992-1997 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Poland 1500/60000 (individuals) - Wintering No qualification Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Portugal Present/Present (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal 1/10 (individuals) 1991 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Romania 5/35 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 170000/180000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Serbia and Montenegro 5/20 (individuals) 1990-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 0/70 (individuals) 1995-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 10/100 (individuals) - Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Slovenia 0/20 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovenia 0/35 (individuals) - Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Spain 4/27 (individuals) 1990-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Spain 0/56 (individuals) - Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Sweden 1000/1500 (individuals) 1998-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 250/999 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 3000/5000 (individuals) 1989 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Switzerland 14/44 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Switzerland 25/140 (individuals) 1981-1991 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Turkey 20/100 (individuals) 1991-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 20000/99999 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 50/100 (individuals) 1988 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
United Kingdom 9200/9200 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 6000/8000 (individuals) 1988 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

66 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1970-1990 Wintering Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belgium 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belgium 1970-1990 Wintering Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1970-1990 Wintering Stable, or change of less than 20% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Croatia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Czech Republic 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 9% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 30% to 49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1970-1990 Wintering Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Estonia 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia Boreal 1970-1990 Wintering Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1970-1990 Wintering Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
France 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1970-1990 Wintering Large increase of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Germany 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1990-2000 Wintering decreasing between 60% to 77% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1970-1990 Wintering Stable, or change of less than 20% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece Mediterranean 1970-1990 Wintering Stable, or change of less than 20% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Hungary 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Hungary Pannonian 1970-1990 Wintering Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend No qualification Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Iceland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland Arctic 1970-1990 Wintering Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Ireland 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland Atlantic 1970-1990 Wintering Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Italy 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1970-1990 Wintering Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Latvia 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 50% to 79% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania Boreal 1970-1990 Wintering Small increase of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Moldova, Republic of 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing : 75 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands Atlantic 1970-1990 Wintering Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1970-1990 Wintering Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Poland 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Poland 1970-1990 Wintering Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Portugal 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1970-1990 Wintering Stable, or change of less than 20% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 50% to 79% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Serbia and Montenegro 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 20% to 39% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1970-1990 Wintering Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Slovenia 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 0% to 100% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovenia 1970-1990 Wintering Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Spain 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1970-1990 Wintering Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing : 60 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1970-1990 Wintering Stable, or change of less than 20% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Switzerland 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 50% to 79% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1970-1990 Wintering Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Turkey 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1970-1990 Wintering Small increase of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing : 31 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1970-1990 Wintering Small decrease of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Source: BirdLife International
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100