Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Passeriformes > Family: Bombycillidae > Genus: Bombycilla > Species: Bombycilla garrulus

Waxwing - Bombycilla garrulus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 1 other international agreement
Breeding habitats
  • woodland and forest
Wintering habitats
  • urban
Natura 2000 species code A263

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DE3532401 Germany Vogelschutzgebiet Drömling Map
IT2070002 Italy Monte Piccolo - Monte Colmo Map
IT2070003 Italy Val Rabbia e Val Galinera Map
IT2070005 Italy Pizzo Badile - Alta Val Zumella Map
IT2070006 Italy Pascoli di Crocedomini - Alta Val Caffaro Map
IT2070010 Italy Piz Olda - Val Malga Map
IT2070020 Italy Torbiere d'Iseo Map
IT3230083 Italy Dolomiti Feltrine e Bellunesi Map
IT3230087 Italy Versante Sud delle Dolomiti Feltrine Map
IT4080011 Italy Rami del Bidente, Monte Marino Map
SKUEV0163 Slovakia Rudava Map
SKUEV0119 Slovakia Široká Map
SKUEV0380 Slovakia Tematínske vrchy Map
SKUEV0313 Slovakia Devínske jazero Map
SKUEV0282 Slovakia Tisovský kras Map
SKUEV0116 Slovakia Jakubovské rybníky Map
SKUEV0225 Slovakia Muránska planina Map
SKUEV0367 Slovakia Holubyho kopanice Map
SKUEV0219 Slovakia Malina Map
IT2070401 Italy Parco Naturale Adamello Map
SKUEV0285 Slovakia Alúvium Muráňa Map
SKUEV0316 Slovakia Šranecké piesky Map
SKUEV0357 Slovakia Cerová vrchovina Map
SKUEV0288 Slovakia Kysucké Beskydy Map
SKUEV0173 Slovakia Kotlina Map
ROSPA0022 Romania Comana Map
ROSPA0028 Romania Dealurile Târnavelor - Valea Nirajului Map
ROSPA0107 Romania Vânători - Neamţ Map
ROSPA0062 Romania Lacurile de acumulare de pe Argeş Map
ROSPA0031 Romania Delta Dunării şi Complexul Razim - Sinoie Map
PLH020084 Poland Dolina Dolnej Baryczy Map
PLH180045 Poland Sanisko w Bykowcach Map
AT3228000 Austria Bürmooser Moor Map
AT2211000 Austria Hartberger-Gmoos Map
AT1204V00 Austria Donau-Auen östlich von Wien Map
AT3209022 Austria Salzachauen, Salzburg Map
AT1202V00 Austria March-Thaya-Auen Map
ROSPA0133 Romania Munţii Călimani Map
ROSPA0125 Romania Lacurile Vaduri şi Pângăraţi Map
ROSPA0141 Romania Subcarpaţii Vrancei Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Ampelis Europeo Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Beccofrusone Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Brkoslav severní Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Csonttollú Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Jaseur boréal French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pestvogel Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Seidenschwanz German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sidensvans Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Tagarela-europeu Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Tilhi Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Waxwing English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:10480 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

14 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Azerbaijan 500/2500 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belarus 50000/100000 (individuals) 1997-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 0/1 (pairs) 1998 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 500/10000 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 30000/150000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Luxembourg 0/30 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 900/3500 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 0/2000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 200/20000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 100000/500000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 10000/100000 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 1000/50000 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 80000/300000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 250/999 (individuals) 1981-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

14 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belarus 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 200 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Luxembourg 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 50% to 79% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Fluctuating between 50% to 79% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 50% to 79% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

21 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2016-11-18 Czech Republic Report according to Art. 9.3 of the Birds Directive - CZ 2015 CZ_report_2015BD
2015-12-11 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Lorraine
2015-12-11 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files PACA
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Auvergne
2015-10-09 Czech Republic Report according to Art. 9.3 of the Birds Directive - CZ 2014 Report according to Art. 9.3 of the Birds Directive - CZ 2014
2015-10-02 Finland Bird 2014 FI_Bird_Report_2014.xml
2015-09-30 Poland National Report on Derogation under the Birds Directive 2014 birds_directive_2014
2015-02-24 Germany Birds Derogation 2013 Germany Birds_2013_GER.xml
2015-01-15 Germany Birds Derogation 2012 Germany Birds Derogation 2012 Germany
2014-12-09 Bulgaria BG-NR under Bird Directive 2013 BG-NReport under Bird Directive 2013
2014-10-30 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives Habitats and Birds Derogations Report
2013-12-18 Bulgaria BG-NR under Bird Directive 2012 BG-NR under Bird Directive 2012
2013-10-11 Finland Bird2012 FI_bird_report_2012.xml
2013-10-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2012 Derogations report BD BE2012
2013-01-04 Finland Bird2011 FI_bird_report_2011.xml
2012-10-30 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2011 Natural England
2012-10-16 Bulgaria National Report on Derogations under Bird Directive 2011 BG_Derogations under Bird Directive 2011
2012-01-10 Bulgaria National Report on Derogations under Bird Directive 2010 Bird Directiv Report 2010
2011-10-17 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives (2009-2010) birds derogations
2011-06-03 Finland Bird 2009 FI_bird_rap_2009.xml
2010-12-10 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2007-2008 derogations2007_VL.xml

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

30 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Praha 2015-05-01 2020-12-31 není možno dopředu určit, kolika jedinců se bude výzkum týkat (stanoveny maximální povolené počty jedinců - viz poznámka níže)) Úmyslné vyrušování v období výchovy mláďat Jelikož ptáci budou po odebrání příslušných vzorků a po potřebných měřeních vypouštěni neprodleně zpět do volné přírody či navraceni do hnízd, nedojde v žádném případě k negativnímu dopadu na stav jakéhokoliv z výše uvedených druhů z hlediska jejich ochrany, neboť počet jedinců daných druhů se nezmění a minimalizací času, po který bude každý jedinec držen, dojde i k minimalizaci stresu a tudíž možných negativních dopadů.
Praha 2015-05-01 2020-12-31 není možno dopředu určit, kolika jedinců se bude výzkum týkat (stanoveny maximální povolené počty jedinců - viz poznámka níže)) Držení v zajetí Jelikož ptáci budou po odebrání příslušných vzorků a po potřebných měřeních vypouštěni neprodleně zpět do volné přírody či navraceni do hnízd, nedojde v žádném případě k negativnímu dopadu na stav jakéhokoliv z výše uvedených druhů z hlediska jejich ochrany, neboť počet jedinců daných druhů se nezmění a minimalizací času, po který bude každý jedinec držen, dojde i k minimalizaci stresu a tudíž možných negativních dopadů.
Praha 2015-05-01 2020-12-31 není možno dopředu určit, kolika jedinců se bude výzkum týkat (stanoveny maximální povolené počty jedinců - viz poznámka níže)) Úmyslné vyrušování Jelikož ptáci budou po odebrání příslušných vzorků a po potřebných měřeních vypouštěni neprodleně zpět do volné přírody či navraceni do hnízd, nedojde v žádném případě k negativnímu dopadu na stav jakéhokoliv z výše uvedených druhů z hlediska jejich ochrany, neboť počet jedinců daných druhů se nezmění a minimalizací času, po který bude každý jedinec držen, dojde i k minimalizaci stresu a tudíž možných negativních dopadů.
Praha 2015-05-01 2020-12-31 není možno dopředu určit, kolika jedinců se bude výzkum týkat (stanoveny maximální povolené počty jedinců - viz poznámka níže)) Odchyt /lov se sítí Jelikož ptáci budou po odebrání příslušných vzorků a po potřebných měřeních vypouštěni neprodleně zpět do volné přírody či navraceni do hnízd, nedojde v žádném případě k negativnímu dopadu na stav jakéhokoliv z výše uvedených druhů z hlediska jejich ochrany, neboť počet jedinců daných druhů se nezmění a minimalizací času, po který bude každý jedinec držen, dojde i k minimalizaci stresu a tudíž možných negativních dopadů.
Jihozápad 2014-12-02 2020-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout Odchyt (kroužkování) nevýznamné
Jihozápad 2014-12-02 2020-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout rušení jedinců nevýznamné
Jihozápad 2014-12-02 2020-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout Odchyt (kroužkování) nevýznamné
Jihozápad 2014-12-02 2020-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout rušení jedinců nevýznamné
Poland 2014-06-01 2014-12-15 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Mazowieckie 2014-06-01 2014-12-15 It was not possible to determine the number of individuals. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away This derogation was not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species.
Jihovýchod 2014-04-05 2015-03-31 29 druhů, množství ovšem neznámě - dle situace (nálezu handicapů) Držení zraněných ptáků a péče o ně žádné nebo pozitivní
Jihovýchod 2014-04-05 2015-03-31 29 druhů, množství ovšem neznámě - dle situace (nálezu handicapů) Přeprava žádné nebo pozitivní
Jihovýchod 2014-04-05 2015-03-31 29 druhů, množství ovšem neznámě - dle situace (nálezu handicapů) odchyt zaněných jedinců žádné nebo pozitivní
Kujawsko-Pomorskie 2014-01-09 2015-06-30 others - has not been established (there are potentially) Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding With no infuence for population in region or country.
Lubuskie 2013-02-19 2015-12-31 Number of individuals impossible to define for disturbance. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away no impact on Populations.
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2013-01-01 2013-31-12 keine Vogaben Fang zur Beringung keine
Pohjois-Suomi 2012-11-14 2012-12-31 Pydettävien ja rengastettavien lintujen määrää ei ole mainittu poikkeamisluvassa, koska sitä ei ole ennalta mahdollista määritellä. Capture (ringing) Ennalta arvioituna rengastuksella ja siihen liittyvällä lintujen hallitulla pyydystämisellä ei ole havaittu olevan kielteisiä vaiktuksia pyynnin kohteena olevien lajien populaatioihin
Pohjois-Suomi 2012-11-14 2012-12-31 Pydettävien ja rengastettavien lintujen määrää ei ole mainittu poikkeamisluvassa, koska sitä ei ole ennalta mahdollista määritellä. Capture (ringing) Ennalta arvioituna rengastuksella ja siihen liittyvällä lintujen hallitulla pyydystämisellä ei ole havaittu olevan kielteisiä vaiktuksia pyynnin kohteena olevien lajien populaatioihin
Wielkopolskie 2012-06-15 2016-12-31 Unknowne the number of local population. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away None
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 400 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 400 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Mazowieckie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Slaskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Lubelskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Zachodniopomorskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Lubuskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Pomorskie 2012-02-23 2013-03-30 From 1 to 20 specimens from each species. Keeping dead specimens. None, becouse birds were found dead.
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 Es werden nur in Ausnahmefällen Genhmigungen zur Vogelberingung ausgegeben, in denen die zu beringenden Arten und Zahlen explizit aufgelistet sind. Die zu beringenden Arten werden in Projekten der Behörden für die Umweltbeobachtung und der Verbände festgelegt. Fang zur Beringung keine
Bulgaria 2010-03-01 2011-12-31 The permit allows 400 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
Bulgaria 2010-03-01 2011-12-31 The permit allows 400 individuals from each species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) no impact
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100