Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Charadriiformes > Family: Scolopacidae > Genus: Calidris > Species: Calidris maritima

Purple Sandpiper - Calidris maritima (Brünnich, 1764)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 3 other international agreements
Natura 2000 species code A148

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DK008X073 Denmark Vresen og havet mellem Fyn og Langeland Map
EE0040476 Estonia Tagamõisa Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000140 Spain Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000143 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel y Ría de Ajo Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES0000176 Spain Costa da Morte (Norte) Map
ES0000197 Spain Acantilados del Monte Hacho Map
ES0000318 Spain Cabo Busto-Luanco Map
ES0000372 Spain Costa da Mariña occidental Map
ES1110005 Spain Costa da Morte Map
ES1120005 Spain As Catedrais Map
ES1120017 Spain Costa da Mariña occidental Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
FI0200152 Finland Seksmiilarin saaristo Map
FI0200164 Finland Saaristomeri Map
FI0800130 Finland Merenkurkun saaristo Map
FR2310045 France Littoral seino-marin Map
FR2510037 France Chausey Map
FR2510047 France Baie de Seine occidentale Map
FR3110085 France Cap Gris-Nez Map
FR5310011 France Côte de Granit Rose-Sept Iles Map
FR5310056 France Baie d'Audierne Map
FR5310072 France Ouessant-Molène Map
FR5310093 France Baie de Quiberon Map
FR5410013 France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves, marais de Rochefort Map
IE0000507 Ireland Inishkea Islands SAC Map
IE0001021 Ireland Carrowmore Point to Spanish Point and Islands SAC Map
IE0001141 Ireland Gweedore Bay and Islands SAC Map
IE0002070 Ireland Tralee Bay and Magharees Peninsula, West to Cloghane SAC Map
IE0004004 Ireland Inishkea Islands SPA Map
IE0004069 Ireland Lambay Island SPA Map
IE0004122 Ireland Skerries Islands SPA Map
SE0520001 Sweden Vrångöskärgården Map
UK9002331 United Kingdom East Sanday Coast Map
UK9006131 United Kingdom Northumbria Coast Map
ES6310002 Spain Zona marítimo-terrestre del Monte Hacho Map
FR7212002 France Rochers de Biarritz : le Bouccalot et la Roche ronde Map
PTCON0006 Portugal Arquipélago da Berlenga Map
FR5212009 France Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts Map
CY4000007 Cyprus XEROS POTAMOS Map
FR5312010 France Dunes et côtes de Trévignon Map
FR5312009 France Roches de Penmarc'h Map
IE0004151 Ireland Donegal Bay SPA Map
IE0004182 Ireland Mid-Clare Coast SPA Map
ES1200055 Spain Cabo Busto-Luanco Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) (Migratory species of Scolopacidae) http://www.cms.int/
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (AEWA) http://www.migratoryspecies....ent/about-cms-family

http://www.unep-aewa.org/en/legalinstrument/aewa

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Bécasseau violet French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Biegus morski Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Correlimos Oscuro Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Meerstrandläufer German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Merisirri Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Paarse Strandloper Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pilrito-escuro Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Piovanello violetto Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Purple Sandpiper English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Skärsnäppa Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Tengeri partfutó Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:05100 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

29 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Belgium 80/80 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 200/300 (individuals) 1999-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark Arctic 2000/10000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 10000/20000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 5000/25000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 0/200 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 5/20 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 300/500 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 600/1100 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 20/150 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 10000/100000 (individuals) 1978-1994 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 10000/30000 (pairs) 1999-2001 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland Arctic 10000/30000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Ireland 2997/3169 (individuals) 1994-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands 300/300 (individuals) 1999-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 40000/80000 (individuals) 1993 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 5000/10000 (pairs) 1995 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 10000/20000 (pairs) 1990 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Norway Arctic 1000/10000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Poland 0/10 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal 20/50 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 400/1700 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 62/62 (individuals) 1997 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 1000/10000 (pairs) 1980-1990 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Spain 62/378 (individuals) 1990-2001 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 50/300 (individuals) 1998-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 1000/3000 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 17800/17800 (individuals) 1994-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 1/3 (pairs) 1996-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

29 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Belgium 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 50% to 79% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing but of unknown magnitude Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1990-2000 Wintering increasing between 30% to 100% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 30% to 49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Ireland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Norway Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Poland 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Spain 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing : 18 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

One item found.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Etelä-Suomi 2011-10-18 2012-12-31 All met individuals Capture (ringing) No impact on population
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100