Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Charadriiformes > Family: Alcidae > Genus: Cepphus > Species: Cepphus grylle

Black Guillemot - Cepphus grylle (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 2 other international agreements
Breeding habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
Wintering habitats
  • coastal
  • shelf
Natura 2000 species code A202

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DK00FX011 Denmark Hirsholmene Map
EE0040434 Estonia Kura kurgu Map
EE0040476 Estonia Tagamõisa Map
EE0060270 Estonia Vaindloo Map
FI0800130 Finland Merenkurkun saaristo Map
FI0800132 Finland Luodon saaristo Map
FI0800133 Finland Uudenkaarlepyyn saaristo Map
FI0800134 Finland Kristiinankaupungin saaristo Map
FI1104600 Finland Raahen saaristo Map
FI1300302 Finland Perämeren saaret Map
IE0000204 Ireland Lambay Island SAC Map
IE0000495 Ireland Duvillaun Islands SAC Map
PLB990002 Poland Przybrzeżne wody Bałtyku Map
PLB990003 Poland Zatoka Pomorska Map
SE0230328 Sweden Missjö Map
SE0340144 Sweden Hoburgs bank Map
SE0520001 Sweden Vrångöskärgården Map
SE0520036 Sweden Sälöfjorden Map
SE0810002 Sweden Bonden Map
SE0810010 Sweden Holmöarna Map
SE0820035 Sweden Rödkallen-SörÄspen Map
UK9001071 United Kingdom Monach Isles Map
UK9001182 United Kingdom East Caithness Cliffs Map
UK9002031 United Kingdom Fetlar Map
PLH990002 Poland Ostoja na Zatoce Pomorskiej Map
FI0100105 Finland Kirkkonummen saaristo (SPA) Map
EE0010129 Estonia Pakri Map
DE1652301 Germany Pommersche Bucht mit Oderbank Map
PLC990001 Poland Ławica Słupska Map
DE1552401 Germany SPA Pommersche Bucht Map
DE1251301 Germany Adlergrund Map
SE0330273 Sweden Norra Midsjöbanken Map
LV0900200 Latvia Akmensrags Map
LV0900300 Latvia Irbes saurums Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Alkoun obecný Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Arao Aliblanco Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Arau-d'asa-branca Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Black Guillemot English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Fekete lumma Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gryllteiste German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Guillemot à miroir French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Nurnik Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Riskilä Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Teist Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Tobisgrissla Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Uria nera Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Zwarte Zeekoet Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:06380 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

31 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Denmark 5000/7000 (individuals) 1992-1993 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 950/1150 (pairs) 2000-2001 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 603/639 (pairs) 1991 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Denmark Arctic 25000/100000 (pairs) 1983 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 25000/100000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 250000/500000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 10/20 (pairs) 1998 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 1000/3000 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia Boreal 6/10 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Finland 17000/19000 (pairs) 1998-2001 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 8000/10000 (pairs) 1992 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
France 0/2 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 750/750 (individuals) 1987-2003 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 10000/20000 (pairs) 1978-1994 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 50000/100000 (individuals) 1978-1994 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland Arctic 10000/20000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Ireland 3367/3367 (pairs) 1999-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ireland Atlantic 1200/1200 (pairs) 1985-1991 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Latvia 1500/2000 (individuals) 1992-1994 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Lithuania 0/49 (individuals) 1992-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 15000/35000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 25000/40000 (individuals) 1993 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 20000/40000 (pairs) 1990 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Norway Arctic 5000/50000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Russian Federation 10000/20000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 23500/23500 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Slovenia Present/Present (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 6000/8000 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 7000/10000 (pairs) 1987 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
United Kingdom 19700/39300 (pairs) 1999-2003 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom Atlantic 19000/19000 (pairs) 1985-1991 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

31 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Denmark 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 50% to 79% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Denmark Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia Boreal 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 30 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
France 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Ireland 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland Atlantic 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Latvia 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Norway Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Slovenia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 4 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom Atlantic 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Source: BirdLife International

Reportnet deliveries

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

4 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Poland 2012-11-19 2013-01-31 60 individuals- Aythya marila, 10 individuals- Somateria mollissima , 30 individuals- Clangula hyemalis, 50 individuals - Melanitta fusca, 20 individuals - Bucephala clangula, 5 individuals - Mergellus albellus, 10 individuals - Mergus serrator, 80 individuals - Mergus merganser, 5 individuals -Gacia stellata, 5 individuals- Gavia arctic, 10 individuals - Podiceps cristatus, 10 Podiceps grisegena, 10 individuals - Larus ridibundus, 10 individuals- Alca torda, 10 individuals - Uria aalge, 10 individuals- Cepphus grylle, 5 individuals- Ciconia ciconia, 3 individuals -Haliaeetus albicilla, 3 individuals - Buteo buteo, 3 individuals -Accipter gentilis, 3 individuals -Accipter nisus, 1 individual - Falco peregrinus, 1 individual - Falco subbuteo , 3 individuals Falco tinnunculus, 3 individuals - Bubo bubo, 3 individuals Strix aluco, 3 individuals Asio otus Stuffing Lack of negative impact on population
Zachodniopomorskie 2012-11-19 2013-01-31 60 individuals- Aythya marila, 10 individuals- Somateria mollissima , 30 individuals- Clangula hyemalis, 50 individuals - Melanitta fusca, 20 individuals - Bucephala clangula, 5 individuals - Mergellus albellus, 10 individuals - Mergus serrator, 80 individuals - Mergus merganser, 5 individuals -Gacia stellata, 5 individuals- Gavia arctic, 10 individuals - Podiceps cristatus, 10 Podiceps grisegena, 10 individuals - Larus ridibundus, 10 individuals- Alca torda, 10 individuals - Uria aalge, 10 individuals- Cepphus grylle, 5 individuals- Ciconia ciconia, 3 individuals -Haliaeetus albicilla, 3 individuals - Buteo buteo, 3 individuals -Accipter gentilis, 3 individuals -Accipter nisus, 1 individual - Falco peregrinus, 1 individual - Falco subbuteo , 3 individuals Falco tinnunculus, 3 individuals - Bubo bubo, 3 individuals Strix aluco, 3 individuals Asio otus Stuffing Lack of negative impact on population
Poland 2012-11-19 2013-01-31 60 individuals- Aythya marila, 10 individuals- Somateria mollissima , 30 individuals- Clangula hyemalis, 50 individuals - Melanitta fusca, 20 individuals - Bucephala clangula, 5 individuals - Mergellus albellus, 10 individuals - Mergus serrator, 80 individuals - Mergus merganser, 5 individuals -Gacia stellata, 5 individuals- Gavia arctic, 10 individuals - Podiceps cristatus, 10 Podiceps grisegena, 10 individuals - Larus ridibundus, 10 individuals- Alca torda, 10 individuals - Uria aalge, 10 individuals- Cepphus grylle, 5 individuals- Ciconia ciconia, 3 individuals -Haliaeetus albicilla, 3 individuals - Buteo buteo, 3 individuals -Accipter gentilis, 3 individuals -Accipter nisus, 1 individual - Falco peregrinus, 1 individual - Falco subbuteo , 3 individuals Falco tinnunculus, 3 individuals - Bubo bubo, 3 individuals Strix aluco, 3 individuals Asio otus Stuffing Lack of negative impact on population
Zachodniopomorskie 2012-11-19 2013-01-31 60 individuals- Aythya marila, 10 individuals- Somateria mollissima , 30 individuals- Clangula hyemalis, 50 individuals - Melanitta fusca, 20 individuals - Bucephala clangula, 5 individuals - Mergellus albellus, 10 individuals - Mergus serrator, 80 individuals - Mergus merganser, 5 individuals -Gacia stellata, 5 individuals- Gavia arctic, 10 individuals - Podiceps cristatus, 10 Podiceps grisegena, 10 individuals - Larus ridibundus, 10 individuals- Alca torda, 10 individuals - Uria aalge, 10 individuals- Cepphus grylle, 5 individuals- Ciconia ciconia, 3 individuals -Haliaeetus albicilla, 3 individuals - Buteo buteo, 3 individuals -Accipter gentilis, 3 individuals -Accipter nisus, 1 individual - Falco peregrinus, 1 individual - Falco subbuteo , 3 individuals Falco tinnunculus, 3 individuals - Bubo bubo, 3 individuals Strix aluco, 3 individuals Asio otus Stuffing Lack of negative impact on population
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100